Ion Vidu

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Ion Vidu (29 December 1863 [O.S. 17 December][1] – 7 February 1931), was a Romanian composer and choral conductor. Under his influence the small town of Lugoj, which up until that time had not had much in the way of artistic institutions, became a well-known center of choral music in Romania.[2]

Vidu was born in Bangor in the Arad district (now part of western Romania), where he initially studied music at the Arad Conservatory (1880–1881) and later at Caransebeş in the Banat region just south of Arad (1885).[3] From 1890 to 1891 he attended the Conservatory of Music and Declamation in Iaşi (in the historical region of Moldavia, very near the northeastern border of modern Romania), studying harmony and choral conducting with Gavriil Musicescu. He subsequently moved back to Banat, obtaining a post in Lugoj (midway between Caransebeş and Timişoara) where he stayed for the rest of his life. Almost all of his compositions are for chorus. In 1922 he organized the Banat Choral and Brass Band Society, which at one time included more than 10,000 peasant singers. Like his friends and fellow composers Gavriil Musicescu, Béla Bartók, and Dimutru Kiriac-Georgescu, he was an avid collector of folk music. Vidu based most of his music on Romanian folk tunes, although he avoided the modes characteristic of folk music and primarily used major and minor tonality. His first collection of choral music, Severina (1899), became so well known, that many of the original melodies from it are often mistakenly thought to be authentic folk tunes. The patriotic, anti-Habsburg flavor of his succeeding works also proved to be very popular.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Arad district used old style dates until 1920.
  2. ^ a b Viorel Cosma, "Vidu, Ion" in Sadie, Stanley; John Tyrrell, eds. (2001). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd edition. NewYork: Grove's Dictionaries. ISBN 1-56159-239-0.
  3. ^ Corul bisericesc Ion Vidu 2006 (Romanian). Accessed 3 November 2009.