Ionia County, Michigan

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Ionia County, Michigan
IoniaCountyCouthouseIoniaMi.jpg
Ionia County Courthouse in Ionia
Seal of Ionia County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Ionia County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 2 March 1831 (created)
1837 (organized)[1]
Named for Ionia
Seat Ionia
Largest city Ionia
Area
 • Total 580 sq mi (1,502 km2)
 • Land 571 sq mi (1,479 km2)
 • Water 8.7 sq mi (23 km2), 1.5%
Population
 • (2010) 63,905
 • Density 112/sq mi (43/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern

Ionia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 63,905.[2] The county seat is Ionia.[3] The Ionia County Courthouse was designed by Claire Allen, a prominent southern Michigan architect.

Ionia County comprises the Ionia, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming-Muskegon, MI Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county is named for Ionia, an historic area of Greece.[4] It was defined by act of the Territorial Legislature in 1831, and was organized in 1837.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 580 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 8.7 square miles (23 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18401,923
18507,597295.1%
186016,682119.6%
187027,68165.9%
188033,87222.4%
189032,801−3.2%
190034,3294.7%
191033,550−2.3%
192033,087−1.4%
193035,0936.1%
194035,7101.8%
195038,1586.9%
196043,13213.0%
197045,8486.3%
198051,81513.0%
199057,02410.1%
200061,5187.9%
201063,9053.9%
Est. 201664,232[6]0.5%
US Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[2]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[11] there were 61,518 people, 20,606 households, and 15,145 families residing in the county. The population density was 107 people per square mile (41/km²). There were 22,006 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.96% White, 4.56% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. 2.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.0% were of German, 14.7% American, 11.6% English, 8.9% Irish and 5.3% Dutch ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.3% spoke English and 2.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 20,606 households out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.15.

The county's population spread included 26.90% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 115.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,074, and the median income for a family was $49,797. Males had a median income of $36,995 versus $25,443 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,451. About 6.80% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.40% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Ionia County has been reliably Republican from the beginning. Since 1884, the Republican Party nominee has carried the county vote in 82% of the elections (28 of 34 elections).

Presidential Election Results
Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 61.5% 16,635 30.9% 8,352 7.6% 2,052
2012 55.4% 14,315 42.6% 11,018 2.0% 523
2008 51.7% 14,156 45.9% 12,565 2.3% 638
2004 60.2% 16,621 38.6% 10,647 1.3% 350
2000 58.1% 13,915 39.6% 9,481 2.4% 574
1996 44.6% 9,574 43.2% 9,261 12.2% 2,617
1992 38.4% 9,135 35.1% 8,370 26.5% 6,317
1988 59.1% 12,028 40.1% 8,160 0.9% 181
1984 70.7% 14,162 28.6% 5,735 0.7% 138
1980 57.4% 12,040 33.6% 7,039 9.1% 1,903
1976 62.5% 11,737 36.3% 6,820 1.3% 234
1972 62.6% 10,898 35.8% 6,240 1.6% 278
1968 54.0% 8,625 37.9% 6,055 8.1% 1,288
1964 35.4% 5,698 64.3% 10,362 0.3% 53
1960 61.8% 10,405 37.9% 6,377 0.3% 52
1956 68.8% 11,001 31.0% 4,952 0.3% 46
1952 69.4% 10,970 29.9% 4,722 0.8% 127
1948 62.6% 7,970 35.0% 4,450 2.4% 311
1944 67.1% 9,331 31.9% 4,437 1.1% 146
1940 63.3% 9,439 36.2% 5,399 0.5% 78
1936 43.9% 6,487 48.3% 7,140 7.8% 1,155
1932 40.2% 6,074 57.6% 8,695 2.2% 331
1928 74.9% 9,471 24.4% 3,089 0.7% 83
1924 73.2% 9,502 21.7% 2,821 5.1% 656
1920 67.6% 7,977 28.8% 3,395 3.6% 430
1916 48.4% 3,950 47.9% 3,911 3.8% 307
1912 26.5% 2,049 35.7% 2,757 37.8% 2,926[13]
1908 54.8% 4,584 38.6% 3,232 6.6% 554
1904 63.8% 5,440 32.0% 2,729 4.2% 356
1900 54.3% 5,101 43.2% 4,055 2.5% 236
1896 48.4% 4,593 50.1% 4,757 1.6% 149
1892 49.5% 4,288 43.6% 3,779 7.0% 604
1888 51.0% 4,436 43.4% 3,779 5.6% 491
1884 45.1% 3,552 48.4% 3,814 6.5% 510

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions—police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc.—are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of Jan. 2011)

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Ionia County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 165. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. 22 August 2012. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  12. ^ US Election Atlas
  13. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 2,579 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 170 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 165 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 12 votes.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°56′N 85°04′W / 42.94°N 85.07°W / 42.94; -85.07