Map of the Ionian Sea
Albania, Italy, Greece
List of islands in the Ionian Sea
Igoumenitsa, Parga, Preveza, Astakos, Patras, Kerkyra, Lefkada, Argostoli, Zakynthos, Kyparissia, Pylos, Kalamata, Himarë, Saranda, Syracuse, Catania, Taormina, Messina, Taranto
Boundaries of the Ionian Sea. Red lines define the I.H.O. border.
The Ionian Sea, as seen from
, and with
, Albania in the background
Ionian Sea ( Greek: Ιόνιο Πέλαγος, Greek pronunciation: , [iˈonio ˈpelaɣos] Italian: , Mar Ionio Italian pronunciation: , [mar ˈjɔːnjo] Albanian: ) is an elongated embayment of the Deti Jon Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea. It is bounded by southern Italy including Calabria, Sicily, and the Salento peninsula to the west, southern Albania to the north, and west coast of Greece.
All major islands in the sea belong to
Greece. They are collectively referred to as the Ionian Islands, the major ones being Corfu, Zakynthos, Kephalonia, Ithaca, and Lefkada. There are ferry routes between Patras and Igoumenitsa, Greece, and Brindisi and Ancona, Italy, that cross the east and north of the Ionian Sea, and from Piraeus westward. Calypso Deep, the deepest point in the Mediterranean at −5,267 m (−17,280 ft), is located in the Ionian Sea, at . 36°34′N 21°8′E / 36.567°N 21.133°E [1 ] The sea is one of the most [2 ] seismically active areas in the world.
Etymology [ edit ]
Ionian comes from the Greek language Ἰόνιον (πέλαγος). Its etymology is unknown. Ancient Greek writers, especially [3 ] Aeschylus, linked it to the myth of Io. In Ancient Greek the adjective Ionios ( Ἰόνιος) was used as an epithet for the sea because Io swam across it. [4 ] [5 ] According to the [6 ] , the name may derive from Ionians who sailed to the West. Oxford Classical Dictionary There were also narratives about other [7 ] eponymic legendary figures; according to one version, [8 ] Ionius was a son of Adrias (eponymic for the Adriatic Sea); according to another, Ionius was a son of Dyrrhachus. When Dyrrhachus was attacked by his own brothers, [9 ] Heracles, who was passing through the area, came to his aid, but in the fight the hero killed his ally's son by mistake. The corpse was cast into the sea, which thereafter was called the Ionian Sea. [9 ]
Geography [ edit ]
International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Ionian Sea as follows: [10 ]
On the North. A line running from the mouth of the Butrinto River (39°44'N) in Albania, to Cape Karagol in Corfu (39°45'N), along the North Coast of Corfu to Cape Kephali (39°45'N) and from thence to Cape Santa Maria di Leuca in Italy.
On the East. From the mouth of the Butrinto River in Albania down the coast of the mainland to Cape Matapan.
On the South. A line from Cape Matapan to Cape Passero, the Southern point of Sicily.
On the West. The East coast of Sicily and the Southeast coast of Italy to Cape Santa Maria di Leuca.
Gjipe Canyon terminating at the Ionian sea,
Ionian Sea in Catanzaro Lido
From south to north in the west, then north to south in the east:
Syracuse, port, W
Catania, port, W
Messina, port, W
Taranto, port N
Himara, small port, NE
Saranda, port and a beach, NE
Kerkyra, port, E
Igoumenitsa, port, E
Parga, small port, E
Preveza, port, E
Astakos, port, E
Argostoli, small port, E
Patra, port, E
Kyparissia, port, E
Pylos, port, E
Methoni, small port and a beach
Gulfs and straits [ edit ]
Strait of Messina, W
Gulf of Catania, W
Gulf of Taranto, NW
Gulf of Squillace, NW
Ambracian Gulf, E
Gulf of Patras, connecting the Gulf of Corinth, ESE
Gulf of Kyparissia, SE
Messenian Gulf, SE
Laconian Gulf, ESE
See also [ edit ]
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
. Ionian Sea
References [ edit ]
^ Barale, Vittorio (2008). "The European Marginal and Enclosed Seas: An Overview". In Vittorio Barale and Martin Gade (eds). . Remote Sensing of the European Seas Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 3–22. ISBN 978-1-4020-6771-6. LCCN 2007942178 . Retrieved . 28 August 2009
^ NCMR - MAP
^ Babiniotis, Lexiko tis Neoellinikis Glossas.
^ Jakub Pigoń (18 December 2008). . Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 114. The Children of Herodotus: Greek and Roman Historiography and Related Genres ISBN 978-1-4438-0251-2.
^ LSJ, A Greek-English Lexicon s.v. Ἰόνιος.
^ John Freely (30 April 2008). . I.B.Tauris. p. 10. The Ionian Islands: Corfu, Cephalonia and Beyond ISBN 978-0-85771-828-0.
^ John Keahey (15 July 2014). . St. Martin's Press. p. 116. A Sweet and Glorious Land: Revisiting the Ionian Sea ISBN 978-1-4668-7603-3.
^ Charles Anthon (1869). . Harper [& Brothers]. p. 679. A Classical Dictionary Containing an Account of the Principal Proper Names Mentioned in Ancient Authors [and Intended to Elucidate All the Important Points Connected with the Geography, History, Biography, Mythology, and Fine Arts of the Greeks and Romans: Together with an Account of Coins, Weights, and Measures, with Tabular Values of the Same.]
^ a b Gocha R. Tsetskhladze (2008). . BRILL. p. 157. Greek Colonisation: An Account of Greek Colonies and Other Settlements Overseas ISBN 90-04-15576-7.
^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953 . Retrieved . 7 February 2010
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 38°N 19°E / 38°N 19°E