3D model (Jmol)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Ionomycin is an ionophore produced by the bacterium Streptomyces conglobatus. It is used in research to raise the intracellular level of calcium (Ca2+) and as a research tool to understand Ca2+ transport across biological membranes. It is also used to stimulate the intracellular production of the following cytokines; interferon, perforin, IL-2, and IL-4 - usually in conjunction with PMA. These cytokines are important in the inflammatory response.
Commercially, Ionomycin can be obtained as a free acid, or as a Ca2+ salt.