Iony Island

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Coordinates: 56°24′35″N 143°22′53″E / 56.4097°N 143.3815°E / 56.4097; 143.3815

Iony Island
Остров Ионы
Island
Location of Ioni Island in the Sea of Okhotsk.
Location of Ioni Island in the Sea of Okhotsk.
Country Russian Federation
Federal subject Khabarovsk Krai
Elevation 165 m (541 ft)

Iony Island (Russian: Остров Ионы), or Jonas' Island, formerly Ostrov Svyatogo Iony (Saint Jonas' Island),[1] is a small island in the Sea of Okhotsk.

Geography[edit]

Iony Island is the only island in the Sea of Okhotsk that is located in the open sea. All other islands in the Okhotsk Sea are either coastal islands or they belong to the Kuril island chain.[2][3] It is 1.6 km (1 mi) in length and 850 m (0.53 mi) wide and rises to a height of 165 m (541 ft). The island is barren and conical in shape with sheer cliffs rising to heights of 30 to 45 m (98 to 148 ft). Several rocks lie off the island, including a group of four 9 to 12 m (30 to 40 ft) high rocks about 800 m (about 0.5 mi) to the north-northwest and several detached rocks 160 to 320 m (0.1 to 0.2 mi) to the south. The island is often enveloped in dense fog due to cold bottom water upwelling to the surface. The flood tidal current off the island sets west, while the ebb sets to the east or east-southeast. These currents may reach up to 1.5 to 2 knots during spring tides and create numerous eddies, small whirlpools, and tide rips around the island for some distance offshore.[4]

Administratively Iony belongs to the Khabarovsk Krai of the Russian Federation.[5]

History[edit]

As early as 1849 whaleships had reached Jonas Island.[6] Between 1852 and 1866 the island's waters were a common hunting ground for ships cruising for bowhead whales — Captain Moses Snell, of the ship Pacific, of Fairhaven, reported seeing as many as forty-five other ships from his masthead just to the south of the island early in June 1855.[7] The fleet would usually reach the area by late May or early June,[8] spending a few weeks cruising for whales before sailing to the south and west, following the retreating ice. Some would go ashore to take advantage of the bounty of seabirds and pinnipeds residing on the island's rocky shores.[9][10] On 3 June 1855 the ship Edgar, of Cold Spring, was wrecked on the island during a fog. All hands were saved.[11] The ship then caught or was set on fire.[12] Ships sent boats ashore to salvage what they could of the reported 1,200 to 1,600 bbls of oil that had been aboard the ship, while others picked up whatever they found drifting offshore.[13]

Schooners hunted fur seals on the island between 1889 and 1896. At least 2,250 were caught, with a peak of 879 by four schooners in 1890.[14][15]

Fauna[edit]

The island is a breeding ground for the Steller sea lion.[16][17] In the spring and summer, a number of seabirds nest on the island, including northern fulmar, several species of auklet (whiskered, least, and crested), horned and tufted puffin, common and thick-billed murre, Leach's and fork-tailed storm petrel, kittiwake, gulls, and cormorants.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Okhotskoe more - Former name
  2. ^ Geographic Location
  3. ^ Geographical data
  4. ^ National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. (2014). Sailing Directions (Enroute): East Coast of Russia. U.S. Government, Springfield, Virginia.
  5. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica
  6. ^ Henry Kneeland, of New Bedford, July 27, 1849, Old Dartmouth Historical Society (ODHS); Shepherdess, of Mystic, August 8, 1849, Nicholson Whaling Collection (NWC).
  7. ^ Charles Phelps, of Stonington, June 8-21, 1852, NWC; Pacific, of Fairhaven, June 3, 1855, NWC; Cicero, of New Bedford, June 18, 1861, Kendall Whaling Museum (KWM); Josephine, of New Bedford, May 3–7, 1864, May 18–23, 1865, May 18–20, 1866, KWM.
  8. ^ Daniel Wood, of New Bedford, May 19, 1855, May 30, 1854; Covington, of Warren, May 29, 1855, June 6, 1854; Charles Phelps, of Stonington, June 8, 1852, NWC.
  9. ^ William Wirt, of New Bedford, June 10, 1854; Louisa, of New Bedford, May 26, 1858, NWC; Cicero, of New Bedford, June 19, 1861, KWM.
  10. ^ Storfursten Constantin, of Helsinki, June 1860. In Lindholm, O. V., Haes, T. A., & Tyrtoff, D. N. (2008). Beyond the frontiers of imperial Russia: From the memoirs of Otto W. Lindholm. Javea, Spain: A. de Haes OWL Publishing.
  11. ^ Lexington, of Nantucket, June 7, 1855, Nantucket Historical Association; Mary, of Edgartown, June 14, 1855, NWC.
  12. ^ Cicero, of New Bedford, June 8, 1855, KWM.
  13. ^ Cicero, June 8-10, 1855, KWM; Daniel Wood, June 11, 1855; Mary, June 14, 1855; Pacific, June 14, 1855; William Wirt, June 18, 1855, NWC.
  14. ^ Stejneger, Leonard (1896). The Russian fur-seal islands. Washington, Govt. Print. Off.
  15. ^ Jordan, David Starr (1898). The fur seals and fur-seal islands of the North Pacific Ocean. Washington, Govt. Print. Off.
  16. ^ Sea lions
  17. ^ Northern Sea Lion Distribution and Abundance: 1956-80
  18. ^ Kondratyev, A. Y., Litvinenko, N. M., Shibaev, Y. V., Vyatkin, P. S., & Kondratyeva, L. F. (2000). "The breeding seabirds of the Russian Far East". Seabirds of the Russian Far East, 37-81.

External links[edit]