Ioveta of Bethany

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Ioveta
Princess of Jerusalem
Abbess of Bethany
House House of Rethel
Father Baldwin II of Jerusalem
Mother Morphia of Melitene
Born c. 1120
Died after 31 December 1178
Religion Roman Catholicism

Ioveta (c. 1120-c. 1170s) was the fourth and youngest daughter of King Baldwin II and Morphia of Melitene. She was the princess of Jerusalem.

Names[edit]

Ioveta's name appears in various forms, including Joveta, Jovita, Jowita, Yvette, Iveta, Ivetta, and even Juditta.

Biography[edit]

Ioveta was the only one of Baldwin's daughters born after he became king in 1118. When Baldwin was taken captive by the Ortoqids near Edessa in 1123, Ioveta was one of the hostages given for his release. She was held at Shaizar until being ransomed to Baldwin in 1125 for eighty thousand dinars. Her ransom was gathered from the spoils taken after Baldwin's victory at the Battle of Azaz that year.

Her sisters married well. The eldest, Melisende, married Fulk V of Anjou and succeeded Baldwin to the throne of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Alice married Bohemund II of Antioch, and Hodierna married Raymond II of Tripoli. Ioveta, on the other hand, entered the Convent of St. Anne in Jerusalem. In 1143 Melisende built a convent dedicated to St. Lazarus at Bethany, on land purchased from the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem. After the death of the elderly first abbess, Ioveta was elected to the position in 1144. Though not as influential as her sisters, she had some power as abbess; a charter from 1157 survives in which she donated land to the Knights Hospitaller.

Ioveta was responsible for the education of her grandniece Sibylla. Sibylla was the daughter of her nephew.

Ioveta and her sisters were very close. When Melisende lay dying in 1161, Ioveta and Hodierna were at her side (Alice had probably died sometime earlier). After this Ioveta disappears from history; the date of her own death is unknown, but she was dead by 1178, when another abbess appears at the Convent of St. Lazarus.

Sources[edit]

  • William of Tyre, A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea. E. A. Babcock and A. C. Krey, trans. Columbia University Press, 1943.
  • Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, vol. II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge University Press, 1952.