Iowa Colony, Texas
Iowa Colony, Texas
"Where We Make It Happen"
|Coordinates: 29°26′35″N 95°24′56″W / 29.44306°N 95.41556°W|
|• Type||Council–manager government|
|• Mayor||Michael Byrum-Bratsen|
|• City Manager||Robert Hemminger|
|• Total||9.45 sq mi (24.48 km2)|
|• Land||9.44 sq mi (24.44 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.04 km2)|
|Elevation||59 ft (18 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||342.66/sq mi (132.30/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1378484|
Iowa Colony is an incorporated Home Rule City in Brazoria County, Texas, United States, in the Houston metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census the city has a population of 1,170.
Iowa Colony was founded in 1908 by the Immigration Land Company of Des Moines, Iowa, and received its name from Iowans G. I. Hoffmann and Robert Beard. The community received a post office in 1919, and rice farming was introduced there in 1920. Although not directly on a railroad line, Iowa Colony was served by the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe line through nearby Manvel. The population grew slowly to twenty-seven and remained at that level until the mid-1960s. The discovery of oil in 1948 brought regional employment to the area. By 1961 the Iowa Colony post office had closed, yet during the 1960s the settlement began to grow vigorously as part of the greater Houston area. By 1973 Iowa Colony had been incorporated, and by 1989 the town listed a population of 661. The city hall, community center, and municipal court are all housed in the same building, next to the fire department. In 1990 the population was 675. The population was 1,170 in 2010. Iowa Colony showed unprecedented growth, with an estimated 2019 population of 3,233. In 2020, they surpassed the 5,000 population requirement to seek home rule status, and subsequently voted to pass the city's Home Rule Charter on November 3, 2020. The city website further states in 2021 that the population has exceeded 8000, growing at a rate of 400%.
Iowa Colony gained notoriety in the early 1990s as a major speed trap and was an inspiration for a Texas statute limiting municipal profits from speed traps.
Iowa Colony is located in northern Brazoria County at 29°26′35″N 95°24′56″W / 29.44306°N 95.41556°W (29.442963, –95.415607). It is on Texas State Highway 288 south of Pearland city limits. Downtown Houston is 22 miles (35 km) to the north.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (19.0 km2), of which 0.015 square miles (0.04 km2), or 0.21%, is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (NH)||3,073||37.68%|
|Native American or Alaska Native (NH)||15||0.18%|
|Pacific Islander (NH)||4||0.04%|
|Some Other Race (NH)||25||0.03%|
|Hispanic or Latino||2,321||28.46%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,154 people, 1,750 households, and 1,508 families residing in the city.
As of the census of 2000, there were 804 people, 279 households, and 219 families residing in the city. The population density was 139.7 people per square mile (53.9/km2). There were 302 housing units at an average density of 52.5/sq mi (20.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 73.01% White, 6.72% African American, 0.12% Native American, 7.34% Asian, 11.19% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.12% of the population.
There were 279 households, out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.5% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.0% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $47,019, and the median income for a family was $50,000. Males had a median income of $40,313 versus $28,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,935. About 6.6% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.
Students in residential-zoned portions of Iowa Colony attend schools in the Alvin Independent School District.
Elementary schools include:
- Meridiana Elementary School in Iowa Colony
- Sanchez Elementary School
- Savannah Lakes Elementary School (small portion far north)
Secondary zoning includes:
- Jackie Doucet Caffey Junior High in Manvel (for most of Iowa Colony) or Manvel Junior High School (small portion far north)
- Iowa Colony High School In Iowa Colony (for almost all of Iowa Colony) or Manvel High School (sections north of SH 6)
Meridiana Elementary School was built to serve the Meridiana master-planned community. Rise Communities, the developer of Meridiana, partnered with the school district to facilitate the school's development.
In 1911 and 1912, an elementary school and a previous version of Iowa Colony High School, respectively, were established. Iowa Colony's school district later became a part of Alvin ISD. Alvin High School served all Iowa Colony residents, until fall 2006, when Manvel High opened to immediately accept 9th and 10th grades and phase in 11th and 12th grades in two years. After 2006 and prior to Iowa Colony High's opening, Manvel High's boundary included all of Iowa Colony. Prior to the opening of Meridiana Elementary, zoned elementary schools were E. C. Mason, Don Jeter, and Savannah Lakes in Manvel. Residents were divided between Manvel Junior High and Fairview Junior High in Alvin. In 2015 Manvel Junior High became the junior high for almost all of Iowa Colony, except a small portion zoned to Rodeo Palms Junior High. In 2022 Iowa Colony High will open, relieving Manvel High.
Additionally, Alvin Community College provides basic undergraduate courses and adult education. Iowa Colony is in the ACC taxation zone.
- ^ "Council - Manager Form of Government". City of Iowa Colony. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
- ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- ^ "Iowa Colony, TX |".
- ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Archived from the original on 2012-02-12. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "Notice of General and Special Elections 2020". City of Iowa Colony. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
- ^ "City Charter". City of Iowa Colony. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
- ^ "Mayor Michael Byrum-Bratsen". City of Iowa Colony. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
- ^ Toth, John (1991-04-07). "Iowa Colony fights image as speed trap". Houston Chronicle. p. C News p. 1.[dead link] - Available at the Houston Public Library website, accessible with a library card number and its PIN
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Iowa Colony village, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-24.
- ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
- ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
- ^ "Zoning Map". Iowa Colony, Texas. Retrieved 2022-07-19. - Note there are residential areas north of Highway 6
- ^ "Elementary 2020-21 Attendance Zones" (PDF). Alvin Independent School District. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
- ^ "Junior High 2021-22 Attendance Zones" (PDF). Alvin Independent School District. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
- ^ "High 2022-23 Attendance Zones" (PDF). Alvin Independent School District. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
- ^ "Construction Starts at Meridiana Elementary School In New Master-Planned Community of Meridiana Archived 2017-01-01 at the Wayback Machine." Meridiana. Retrieved on January 1, 2017.
- ^ Takahashi, Paul (2015-10-08). "More details revealed for major master-planned community south of Houston". Houston Business Journal. Archived from the original on 2016-12-26. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
- ^ Summa, Andy (2022-07-11). "City's start originated with fruit". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2022-06-25.
- ^ Summa, Andy (2004-04-15). "Construction slated to start on Manvel High". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2022-07-19. - Since Manvel High was Alvin ISD's second high school, Alvin High would have been the only one before 2006.
- ^ Evans, Thayer (2009-05-25). "Manvel High set to graduate its first-ever class". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
[...]since it first opened in August 2006 to freshmen and sophomore, [sic][...]
- ^ "High School Map Update" (PDF). Alvin Independent School District. Retrieved 2022-07-19. - This page identifies it as a 2012-2013 map - Alternate URL - As two high school zones are represented, this would be before Shadow Creek High School opened. Compare to the 2000 U.S. Census maps: Index, pages 1 and 2.
- ^ "High School Boundaries 2015-16" (PDF). Alvin Independent School District. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-10-18. Retrieved 2022-07-19. - Compare to this map of Iowa Colony from the 2010 U.S. Census.
- ^ "ALVIN ISD - ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ATTENDANCE BOUNDARIES" (PDF). Alvin Independent School District. 2012-08-31. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2022-07-19. - For the 2012-2013 school year.
- ^ "Attendance Zone Adjustment Elementary 2014-15" (PDF). Alvin Independent School District. 2015-10-15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
- ^ "ALVIN ISD - JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ATTENDANCE BOUNDARIES" (PDF). Alvin Independent School District. 2012-08-31. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
- ^ "Attendance Zone Adjustment Junior High 2014-15" (PDF). Alvin Independent School District. 2015-10-15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
- ^ "Junior High Boundaries 2015-16" (PDF). Alvin Independent School District. 2015-10-15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
- ^ Lamkhahouan, Carissa (2020-02-13). "Alvin ISD OKs shifts in some school attendance zones". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2022-06-25.
- ^ "Alvin Community College Taxation Boundary Layer" (PDF). Brazoria County Appraisal District. Retrieved 2020-06-18.