Iowa Highway 163
|Maintained by Iowa DOT|
|Length:||165.902 mi (266.993 km)|
|West end:||US 69 in Des Moines|
|East end:||US 34 at Burlington|
Iowa Highway 163 (Iowa 163) is a state highway that travels from U.S. Highway 69 in Des Moines to US 63 near Oskaloosa. The Iowa Department of Transportation (Iowa DOT) has signed Iowa 163 from Oskaloosa to Burlington along US 63 and US 34, but it does not officially recognize those sections of road as part of the route.
Iowa 163 is a divided highway with some freeway sections for most of its length and serves as a connector between Des Moines with Burlington.
Iowa Highway 163 begins at the corner of E. 14th Street, which carries U.S. Highway 69 (US 69), and E. University Avenue in Des Moines. It heads east along E. University traveling 3⁄4 mile (1.2 km) to Interstate 235 (I-235). There is no direct access to eastbound I-235 from eastbound Iowa 163. Traffic must take E. 21st Street to Easton Boulevard to access eastbound I-235. Highway 163 continues east past the Iowa State Fairgrounds on its way to Pleasant Hill where it meets U.S. Highway 65 at a diamond interchange.
It continues east and meets Iowa Highway 117 near Prairie City. It turns southeast and meets Iowa Highway 14 near Monroe. It continues southeast, passes Pella, then continues southeast, meeting Iowa Highway 92 west of Oskaloosa before intersecting U.S. Highway 63 south of that city.
|Location:||Des Moines – Oskaloosa|
In 1926, when U.S. Highway 63 was formed, it followed the route of what became Iowa Highway 163. After U.S. 63 was extended north into Minnesota and Wisconsin in 1934, the route then became U.S. Highway 163. In 1937, US 163 was deleted and was replaced by Iowa Highway 163. In 1970, the US 163 designation was reused for an unrelated highway in Utah and Arizona.
Iowa Highway 163 was originally a two-lane road. In the 1970s the highway was divided through Polk County east of Pleasant Hill. During the 1990s, the highway began to emerge from a two-lane highway to a four-lane highway as part of an ongoing project to create a continuous four-lane highway from Des Moines to Burlington. The segments of 163 in rural areas were converted to four lanes, but the main highway still went through the city centers. That would soon change as bypasses were constructed around the towns along the route. The first freeway bypass, with three interchanges, opened around Pella on October 17, 1994. Bypasses of Monroe, Iowa (with two interchanges), Prairie City, Iowa (with one interchange), Otley, Iowa (with two turnoffs), and Oskaloosa, Iowa (with two interchanges) were later constructed. The last four-lane segment opened between Pella and Oskaloosa on September 30, 1999. Today 163 is divided its entire length, except for short stretches of undivided highway in the Des Moines area.
|Polk||Des Moines||0.000||0.000||US 69 (East 14th Street)|
|0.768||1.236||I-235 west||Westbound only. No direct access to I-235 east from Iowa 163|
|0.982||1.580||To I-235 east (E. 21st Street)|
|Pleasant Hill||5.339||8.592||US 65|
|Jasper||Prairie City||18.311||29.469||18||Iowa 117 / CR S6G – Prairie City, Colfax|
|29.376||47.276||29||Iowa 14 – Monroe, Newton|
Iowa 163 Business / CR G28 – Pella, Lake Red Rock
|45.064||72.523||44||CR G5T – Pella, New Sharon|
|Mahaska||Oskaloosa||57.479||92.503||58||Iowa 92 to US 63 north – Oskaloosa, Knoxville|
|61.230||98.540||60||US 63 north – Oskaloosa||West end of US 63 overlap, exit numbers follow US 63|
|Wapello||69.260||111.463||53||Iowa 137 south – Eddyville, Albia|
|Ottumwa||80.402||129.394||42||Ottumwa Regional Airport, Industrial Park|
US 63 Business south / Iowa 149 – Ottumwa
|88.378||142.231||191||US 34 west / US 63 south – Ottumwa||East end of US 63 overlap; west end of US 34 overlap; exit numbers follow US 34|
|Agency||92.156||148.311||195||CR V37 – Agency, Hedrick|
|Pleasant Township||95.777||154.138||199||Iowa 16 east / CR V43 north – Eldon|
|Jefferson||Batavia||99.879||160.740||203||CR H43 – Batavia|
US 34 Business east (Burlington Avenue)
|111.797||179.920||212||Iowa 1 – Fairfield, Keosauqua|
US 34 Business west (Burlington Avenue)
US 34 Business east – Mount Pleasant, Westwood
|Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only|
|131.820||212.144||231||CR W55 – Mount Pleasant, Westwood||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only|
To US 218 north / Iowa 27 north (Iowa 438) / US 218 Business south – Mount Pleasant
|Only access to northbound US 218 from eastbound US 34|
US 218 north / Iowa 27 north
|West end of US 218 / IA 27 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance only; exit numbers follow US 218|
US 218 south / Iowa 27 south / US 34 Business east / US 218 Business – Mount Pleasant, Keokuk
|East end of US 218 / IA 27 overlap|
|New London||144.888||233.175||244||CR X23 – New London, Mount Union||Exit numbers follow US 34|
|Des Moines||Danville Township||156.383||251.674||255||Middletown, Danville|
|Burlington||159.550||256.771||258||CR X40 (Beaverdale Road) / Agency Road|
|160.824||258.821||259||Mount Pleasant Street|
|162.086||260.852||260||Gear Avenue, Bus Depot|
|163.689||263.432||261||US 61 (Roosevelt Avenue) – Fort Madison|
|165.343||266.094||262B||Central Avenue, Snake Alley|
|165.902||266.993||263||CR X99 (Main Street)|
|Mississippi River||166.270||267.586||Great River Bridge, Iowa 163 ends at the state line|
|Henderson||Gulfport||US 34 east||Continuation into Illinois|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Iowa Highway 163 Business serves Pella, following the old alignment of Iowa 163 through Pella.
- "2011 Volume of Traffic on the Primary Road System of Iowa" (PDF). Iowa Department of Transportation. January 1, 2011. Retrieved May 2, 2012.
- Other US highways in Iowa
- Van Nostrand, John (2009-10-16). "Converged highway gets name". The Hawk Eye (Burlington, Iowa).