ipconfig

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ipconfig
Ipconfig win xp.png
Screenshot of ipconfig /all output in Windows XP
Developer(s)Microsoft, ReactOS Contributors, Apple Inc.
Written inC
Operating systemWindows, ReactOS, macOS
PlatformCross-platform
TypeCommand
LicenseWindows: Proprietary commercial software
ReactOS: GPLv2

ipconfig (standing for "Internet Protocol configuration") is a console application program of some computer operating systems that displays all current TCP/IP network configuration values and refreshes Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and Domain Name System (DNS) settings.[1]

Implementations[edit]

The command is available in Microsoft Windows, ReactOS, and in Apple macOS. The ReactOS version was developed by Ged Murphy and is licensed under the GPL.[2]

Microsoft Windows, ReactOS[edit]

The ipconfig command supports the command-line switch /all. This results in more detailed information than ipconfig alone.

An important additional feature of ipconfig is to force refreshing of the DHCP IP address of the host computer to request a different IP address. This is done using two commands in sequence. First, ipconfig /release is executed to force the client to immediately give up its lease by sending the server a DHCP release notification which updates the server's status information and marks the old client's IP address as "available". Then, the command ipconfig /renew is executed to request a new IP address.[3][4] Where a computer is connected to a cable or DSL modem, it may have to be plugged directly into the modem network port to bypass the router, before using ipconfig /release and turning off the power for a period of time, to ensure that the old IP address is taken by another computer.[5]

The /flushdns parameter can be used to clear the Domain Name System (DNS) cache to ensure future requests use fresh DNS information by forcing hostnames to be resolved again from scratch.[6]

Apple macOS[edit]

ipconfig in Mac OS X serves as a wrapper to the IPConfiguration agent, and can be used to control the Bootstrap Protocol and DHCP client from the command-line interface.[7] Like most Unix-based operating systems, Mac OS X also uses ifconfig for more direct control over network interfaces, such as configuring static IP addresses. The Ifconfig command in Linux has been replaced by the IP command

Updated Commands[edit]

  • ip a : ip command is similar to ifconfig command but ifconfig command is deprecated because of lack of maintenance. ip command along with 'a' option gives the information about all the interfaces available in the system.


See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "ipconfig". Microsoft Docs. 16 October 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  2. ^ "Reactos/Ipconfig.c at master · reactos/Reactos". GitHub.
  3. ^ Release and Renew Your IP Address
  4. ^ Windows – Displaying, Releasing and Renewing a DHCP Lease
  5. ^ whatsmyipaddress: How to change your IP address
  6. ^ Windows 8.1 PCs Connect to the Network but not the Internet
  7. ^ OS X developer manual

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]