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Ipetu-Ijesha is one of the most famous towns in Oriade local government area, in Osun State, Nigeria. It is located in the western part of Nigeria, about 40 km from Ile-Ife and 37 km from Akure (capital of Ondo State). The people are of the Yoruba ethnic group. The title of the traditional king of Ipetu-Ijesha is Ajalaye of Ipetu-Ijesa. The present Oba(King) is His Royal Highness Oba Adekunle Baderin, Afinbiokin 111. The area borders various cities and towns, including parts of Ijebu-Jesa, Erinmo, Erin-Ijesa, Erin-Oke, Ikeji-Arakeji, Ikeji-Ile, Ira-Ikeji, Omo-Ijesa and Ile Oluji.
The women of Ipetu-Ijesa are renowned for their mat weaving. The mats are made from a local long grass, called "Eni" in the local dialect. The men are mostly farmers.
The origin of ipetu-ijesa like the earliest history of most other world societies is shrouded in obscurity but can be constructed through oral tradition, meaning of traditional ceremonies in the town and artefacts found in various parts of the town. In addition, most Yoruba historians especially, Samuel Johson, discussed Ipetu in their books. The town has been known in history by various names such as IPETU - APOTI, IPETU - ELEFOSAN, IPETU -ARO ODO and recently some notable indigines are advocating a change of name to one of the town's original name - IPETU - AJALAIYE. This is based on their observation which has empirical evidence that Ipetu has less affinity with Ijesa but more with Idanre/Ondo/Ekiti. Ipetu (Ijesa) was a creation of late Reverend Olabode as the early 20th century. when he wanted to give a name to St paul's Anglican church, and called the church St. Paul's church Ipetu.he later added Ijesa to fit into a political grouping or geography. This action changed the fortune and the history of Ipetu . It led to the towns numerous conflict with Ilesa on Igbo Ajika which is the inheritance of all Ipetu citizens. A reconstruction of the origin and history of the town depends on preserved oral traditions and extrapolation of evidence from surviving rituals and customs. For the oral traditions, the most valuable sources are based in the palace, chiefly and priestly houses. But as may be expected, accounts from such sources often differ in several important particulars. One can do no more than relate the traditions which have been more generally accepted.compiled by comrade Fakinlede tope john a.k.a calisto
Ipetu ("Ijesa") was founded some centuries ago. It was settled many years ago when olofin the son of oduduwa started ile-ife (the cradle of the yorubas) with his children and grandchildren and travelled in the direction of 'ijamo' forest - a big forest between ile-ife and ondo state. Among the children who travelled with him were osemowe, awujale, egunrin, asurindo, olabidanre and many others. Asurindo was the father of Olabidanre Olabidanre was the founder of Ipetu. The name Ipetu or Apetu has nothing to do with "etu" or antelope. Apetumodu was the founder of Ipetumodu and his history has something to do with Antelope. But the detractors of Ipetu Aro Odo"Ijesa" perverted that to become Ipetu's history for the purpose of exploitation especially at the time of Igbo Ajika's problem. Ipetu got her name from an unusual incident which happened when the children of Olofin were still proceeding on the march of migration and founding towns. Between the present Ile Oluji and the present Ipetu, a group was aggrieved against Asunrido the father of Olabidanre, for taking the life of someone. they later planned a revenge. Fortunately they found Olabidanre in a house alone without his father Asurindo. They surrounded the house and set it on blazed. They were certain that the end of Olabidanre had come, he would either be burnt dead or if he wanted to escape he will fall into the enemy's hands. His father Asurindo was alerted of his son's danger. He quickly utilized a device(traditional incantation) called APETU meaning the incantations that forcefully ejects a person out of danger. As he did the incantations Olabidanre ejected from the house without the enemy seeing him and landed at the place the father was. From that day, he was referred to as Apetu, meaning the one that was called and ejected out of danger. In no time this became his name. When he eventually found a town, the town became Ipetu following his own name. Olabidanre was the first Oba(king) of Ipetu. There were two hunters who accompanied olofin and his retinue from ile-ife to ijamo forest. The names of these hunters are 'ija' and 'ogun'. Ija was versed in the knowledge of the paths in the forest. It was these two men who escorted olofin and his people to where they sojourned. Hence the reference to 'igbo ijamo' (the forest ija knew). Here, the children of olofin started to disperse. The Awujale left for ijubuland where he became the oba of ijebu-ode. Olofin and the rest of his children went further until they came to a place called 'epe'. It was there that osemowe and her husband left the party for Airo and later went further to found Ondo. Olofin went further and settled at ota-ipete near ile-oluji. According to traditional historians, the ile-oluji people were olofin's gate-keeper or "Eku" meaning "Door". They are known by this name till today. Olabidanre left his father at ota-Ipete to found Ipetu.
These are the Kings that reigned in the land according to Royal record: 1. Owa Olabidanre reigned in Ipetu-Apoti from 1178 to 1253. 2. Colonial occupation of Ipetu-Orodi from 1253 to 1442. 3. Ajalaiye Adebolajo reigned in Ipetu-Oropa from 1442 to 1507. 4. Ajalaiye Omilana Arugbabowo reigned in Ipetu-Oropa from 1507 to 1560. 5. Ajalaiye Okudipoogun Otutubiosun reigned in Ipetu-Oropa from 1560 to 1593. 6. Ajalaiye Ofara reigned in Ipetu-Aro-odo from 1593 to 1628. 7. Ajalaiye Adejimintano reigned in Ipetu-Aro-odo from 1628 to 1669. 8. Ajalaiye Ogburugbonni-leroriodi reigned in Ipetu-Aro-odo from 1669 to 1705. 9. Ajalaiye Otutunite Ajisola reigned in Ipetu-Aro-odo from 1705 to 1753. 10. Ajalaiye Alagbadu Otulogbo reigned in Ipetu-Aro-odo from 1753 to 1789. 11. Ajalaiye Agunbiade "THE 1st"reigned in Ipetu-Aro-odo from 1789 to 1813 12. Ajalaiye Ogbagbalawo reigned in Ipetu-Aro-odo from 1813 to 1841. 13. Ajalaiye Afinbiokin "THE 1st" reigned in Ipetu-Aro-odo from 1841 to 1879. 14. Ajalaiye Okirikisi reigned in Ipetu-Elefosan from 1879 to 1885. 15. Ajalaiye Ariyeloye "THE 1st" reigned in Ipetu-Elefosan from 1885 to 1916. 16. Ajalaiye Osuntuyi Oginni reigned in Ipetu-Elefosan from 1916 to 1927. 17. Ajalaiye Afinbiokin "THE 2nd" reigned in Ipetu-Elefosan from 1927 to 1932 18. Ajalaiye Alelamole Ariyeloye "THE 2nd" reigned in Ipetu-Elefosan from 1932 to 1950. 19. Ajalaiye Oke Agunbiade "THE 2nd" reigned in Ipetu-Elefosan from 1950 to 1972. 20. Ajalaiye Baderin Afinbiokin "THE 3rd" reigned in Ipetu-Elefosan from 1976 to 2016.
As the Yoruba people were professional farmers, the need for productive lands might have arisen. It might have been the cause of their migration to Ijamo forest which was suitable for agriculture. This reason could not easily be disapproved because it was contained in part of the tradition existing so far. It was from the Ijamo forest that the Ipetus migrated to other settlements before they finally settled down at the present site, IPETU - IJESA.
Tourist sites in the area include Oluminrin Waterfalls, also known as Erin Ijesha Waterfalls, and a mat weaving market. Ipetu ijesa is now having one of the campuses of Osun State University, the location of the University in the town boosts the economy of the town. Then, in honour of one of the sons of the town who happened to be a top military officer Olusola Petinrin.Federal Govt.created an airforce school and hospital in the town.