Ipf (mountain)

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Ipf
Ipfvonwesten.JPG
Ipf
Highest point
Elevation668 m (2,192 ft)
Coordinates48°52′14″N 10°21′23″E / 48.87056°N 10.35639°E / 48.87056; 10.35639Coordinates: 48°52′14″N 10°21′23″E / 48.87056°N 10.35639°E / 48.87056; 10.35639
Geography
Ipf is located in Baden-Württemberg
Ipf
Ipf
Location within Baden-Württemberg
LocationBaden-Württemberg, Germany
Parent rangeSwabian Jura

The Ipf is a primarily treeless mountain (668 metres (2,192 ft) high), near Bopfingen, Ostalbkreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany with a prehistoric hill fort on its top.

The fort is situated on an isolated hill, with a flattened summit surrounded by a stone wall, ditch and large counterscarp (outer bank). The overall diameter is about 180 metres (590 ft). Extensive ramparts traverse the slopes to protect a large enclosed area and entranceway. There is evidence of occupation from the Bronze Age (Urnfield culture) through the Iron Age to the early Celtic La Tene period, a span of almost a thousand years (1200 BC – 300 BC).[1] The summit was already levelled, fortified and densely settled in the Urnfield period.[2][3] During the early Iron Age Hallstatt period and into the early La Tène period the Ipf was an important 'princely seat' – a regional centre of power and aristocratic residence with long-distance trade connections, including with Greece and Italy. [4]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ F. Hertlein: Die vorgeschichtlichen Befestigungen auf dem Ipf. Blätter des Schwäbischen Albvereins, 23. Jg. (1911), Nr. 2, S. 48–55 und Nr. 3, S. 68–74.
  2. ^ Krause, Rüdiger (July 2021). "Mount Ipf in southern Germany. The fortification, spatial organization and territory of a "Princely Seat" of the Early Iron Age". Vix et le phénomène princier. ISBN 978-2-35613-360-1.
  3. ^ "Die bronzezeitliche Burg auf dem Ipf – Neue Forschungen zum Burgenbau und Krieg in der Bronzezeit". Retrieved 9 April 2022.
  4. ^ Krause, Rüdiger (July 2021). "Mount Ipf in southern Germany. The fortification, spatial organization and territory of a "Princely Seat" of the Early Iron Age". In Brun, Patrice; Chaume, Bruno; Sacchetti, Federica (eds.). Vix et le phénomène princier. ISBN 978-2-35613-360-1.