Ippolito de' Medici
|Ippolito de' Medici|
|Lord of Florence|
|Reign||19 November 1523 – 16 May 1527|
|Predecessor||Giulio de' Medici|
|Successor||Alessandro de' Medici|
|Father||Giuliano de' Medici|
Florence, Republic of Florence
|Died||10 August 1535 (aged 24)
Itri, Kingdom of Naples
When Giulio de' Medici was elected pope as Clement VII, Ippolito ruled Florence on his behalf. After the siege of Florence (1529–1530), however, Clement favored his other illegitimate nephew Alessandro, and made Ippolito first archbishop of Avignon and then cardinal instead (1529), sending him as Papal legate to Hungary, where he evinced a talent for soldiering.
He was a friend to, and possibly had a liaison with, Giulia Gonzaga, the Countess of Fondi. He loved Catherine de' Medici but they never married. Alessandro de' Medici caught him and Catherine de' Medici in a private embrace. However, when he was sent away as a Cardinal, they weren't allowed to see each other any longer. Some theories suggest that is the reason Clement made him Cardinal: to keep him and Catherine de' Medici apart.
In 1535, he acted as Florentine ambassador to the emperor Charles V. Suffering from a low-grade fever for eight days, Ippolito died from malaria in Itri, in southern Lazio, although there were rumors that he had been poisoned by Alessandro de' Medici, whose abuses he was intending to denounce.
- Crews, p. 109.
- Crews, Daniel A. (2003). "Spanish Diplomacy and the Mysterious Death of Cardinal Ippolito de' Medici". Mediterranean Studies 12: 103–110. Retrieved 2016-05-09 – via JSTOR. (registration required (. ))
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