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Original author(s) Alexey Kuznetsov
Developer(s) Stephen Hemminger
Development status Active
Written in C
Operating system Linux
Type Utilities for Linux
License GNU GPL v2
Website www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/networking/iproute2

iproute2 is a collection of userspace utilities for controlling and monitoring various aspects of networking in the Linux kernel, including routing, network interfaces, tunnels, traffic control, and network-related device drivers.

iproute2 is an open-source project released under the terms of the GNU GPL v2 license. Its development is closely tied to the development of networking components of the Linux kernel. As of December 2013, iproute2 is maintained by Stephen Hemminger. The original author, Alexey Kuznetsov, was responsible for the Quality of Service (QoS) implementation in the Linux kernel.[1]

iproute2 collection contains the following command-line utilities: ip, ss, bridge, rtacct, rtmon, tc, ctstat, lnstat, nstat, routef, routel, rtstat and arpd.[2] tc is used for traffic control. iproute2 utilities communicate with the Linux kernel using the netlink protocol. Some of the iproute2 utilities are often recommended over now-obsolete net-tools utilities that provide the same functionality.[3][4] Below is a table of obsolete utilities and their iproute2 replacements.

net-tools utilities obsoleted by iproute2
Legacy utility Obsoleted by Note
ifconfig ip addr, ip link, ip -s Address and link configuration
route ip route Routing tables
arp ip neigh Neighbors
iptunnel ip tunnel Tunnels
nameif ifrename Rename network interfaces
ipmaddr ip maddr Multicast
netstat ip -s, ss, ip route Show various networking statistics

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Introduction to iproute2". The Linux Foundation. 2009-11-19. Retrieved 2014-06-30. 
  2. ^ "list of the Debian package iproute2". Debian. 
  3. ^ Martín Ferrari (2009-03-15). "net-tools future". debian.org. Retrieved 2014-06-30. 
  4. ^ "net-tools". linuxfoundation.org. 

External links[edit]