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Ipsea speciosa Fitch.jpg
Ipsea speciosa
1868 illustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Collabieae
Genus: Ipsea

Ipsea is a genus of the Orchid family (Orchidaceae), with three species that are found in India, Sri Lanka and Thailand.[2]

Three species are recognized:[2]

The genus was erected by John Lindley in 1831 with the type species I. speciosa which was discovered in Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka in 1829 by James Macrae.

A similar species was found by Jerdon and was doubtfully considered as a new species by Robert Wight. This was later described as Ipsea malabarica, restricted to Silent Valley in northern Kerala. This endangered species with a very narrow distribution range grows on steep mountain slopes in moist rocky and sunny areas in association with Tripogon bromoides, T. ananthaswamianus, Eulalia sp., Fimbristylis sp., Utricularia coerulea, Drosera burmanni, Eriocaulon truncatum and other such plants. They flower from October to December.[3]


  1. ^ Walter Hood Fitch (1817-1892) del. et lith. Description by Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817—1911) - "Curtis's Botanical Magazine" vol. 94 (ser. 3 nr. 24) tab. 5701
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Kumar, C. Sathish Kumar; Manilal, K.S. (1987). "A Synopsis of Ipsea (Orchidaceae)". Kew Bulletin. 42 (4): 937–943. JSTOR 4109942. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Ipsea (category) at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Ipsea at Wikispecies