Iquê Ecological Station
|Iquê Ecological Station|
|Estação Ecológica do Iquê|
|Nearest city||Vilhena, Rondônia|
|Area||215,969 hectares (533,670 acres)|
|Created||2 June 1981|
The 215,969 hectares (533,670 acres) Ecological Station is in the Cerrado biome. It was created on 2 June 1981 and is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. A reduction of 56,000 hectares (140,000 acres) from the initial area was made by agreement with the Fundação Nacional do Índio in view of the indigenous area of the Enauenê-Nauê people. The conservation unit is in the Juína municipality of Mato Grosso.
The Ecological Station is a "strict nature reserve" under IUCN protected area category Ia. It was established to protect a sample of the ecosystem of the transition from the Amazon to the Cerrado. The climate is warm and humid, with average temperatures above 28 °C (82 °F). Annual rainfall is about 2,300 millimetres (91 in). The terrain is relatively flat. The ecology is under threat from diamond prospecting, which causes deforestation and pollution of the rivers.