|Antonov An-140. Hostomel Airport, Ukraine, 2008|
Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA)
|First flight||17 September 1997|
|Primary users||Ministry of Defense (Russia)
|Number built||35as of July 2017[update]|
The Antonov An-140 is a turboprop regional airliner, designed by the Ukrainian Antonov ASTC bureau as a successor to the Antonov An-24, with extended cargo capacity and the ability to use unprepared airstrips.
Design and development
First flown on 17 September 1997, the 52 passenger An-140 is manufactured at the main production line in Kharkiv by KHDABP, in Samara by Aviakor, and assembled under license by Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA) in Iran as the IrAn-140. Assembly in Kazakhstan has also been discussed in tri-partite discussions between the Kazakh government, Ukraine and Russia.
An identical-in-appearance airplane with the same name is also manufactured by Aviakor in Samara, Russia. Since Ukraine is no longer cooperating with Russia in aircraft production, the Aviakor version of the An-140 is manufactured entirely with Russian components. The P&W Canada engine option is not offered.
- AN-140T (Tactical airlifter)
- the AN-140T is a light military transport aircraft developed on the basis of the An-140-100 turboprop airliner. The An-140T features a rear ramp for loading/unloading of cargo and personnel. The An-140S is the same military transport aircraft equipped with a larger loading/unloading hatch. In 2013 Aviakor announced the first deliveries of the An-140T/S aircraft to the Russian Ministry of Defense were scheduled for 2017 as the replacement for the current fleet of 300 An-24 and An-26 airplanes operated by the Russian Air Force. However, in 2014, Russian deputy prime minister for military-industrial complex, Dmitry Rogozin, announced that Russia was abandoning the AN-140T/S project due to worsening relations with Ukraine and would pursue development of the Ilyushin Il-112.
- An-140TK (convertible cargo-passenger)
- An-140 VIP
- Regional aircraft An-140 in VIP-configuration is designed to carry up to 30 passengers in comfort. The passenger compartment of the aircraft can be divided into two or three zones—the exclusive lounge, equipped with four comfortable seats with audio and video, business class and economy class cabin, in which it has 24 standard seats with a standard aisle.
- The AN-140-100 aircraft differs from the basic version with the larger wingspan. Can be built for civilian, military and special purpose: maritime patrol, medical, aerial photography, geological exploration, freight etc.
- HESA IrAn-140
- The IrAn-140 is a license-built version of the An-140, assembled by HESA in Shahin Shahr, Iran, from complete knock-down kits supplied by Antonov. As of 2008[update], 13 aircraft per year were planned to be constructed. There were plans to produce maritime patrol (IrAn-140MP) and freighter (IrAn-140T) versions. 100 aircraft in total were planned to be built; 20 of them were to be acquired by the Iranian government for border patrol and surveillance.
- On 9 November 2010, during his opening speech of the Kish air show, the Iranian transport minister announced that 14 IrAn-140 aircraft had so far been completed; the first six entered commercial service on 19 February 2011. But after the Sepahan Airlines Flight 5915 crash, An-140 operations were banned by the CAO of Iran, with all remaining Iranian-registered examples grounded.
As of May 2013[update], a total of 25 Antonov An-140 aircraft were in airline, military and police aviation service, with a further 19 firm orders. There are also several prototypes and test airframes at the three manufacturing sites. The An-140 is currently operated by the following organizations:
|Organization||In Service||On Order||In Storage||Lost|
|Ministry of Defense (Ukraine)||0||2||0|
|Ministry of Defense (Russia)||7||5|
|Iran Police Aviation||0||0||2|
- The total numbers include An-140 belonging to other entities not listed in the chart.
Accidents and incidents
Since its introduction in 2002, the Antonov An-140 has been involved in five accidents and incidents, including four hull-loss accidents, resulting in 111 occupant fatalities. Of the aircraft lost, three were HESA IrAn-140 aircraft built in Iran from knock-down kits supplied by Antonov.
- On 23 December 2002, Aeromist Kharkiv Flight 2137, an An-140 (UR-14003) carrying many of Ukraine's top aviation designers and engineers, crashed into a mountainside as it was preparing to land at Isfahan, Iran, killing all 44 on board. The delegation was to have attended the inauguration ceremonies for the first HESA IrAn-140 airframe. The probable cause was controlled flight into terrain (CFIT) due to incorrect use of the cockpit satellite navigation system.
- On 12 August 2005, a Safiran Airlines HESA IrAn-140 diverted to Arak Airport due to an engine failure. During landing, the aircraft overran the runway and was badly damaged. There were no fatalities. The cause of the engine failure appeared to be technical problems with the fuel control unit. The airframe was eventually repaired in the early 2010s and is to be used by HESA as a test bed for the future versions of the aircraft. After the Arak incident, Safiran Airlines returned its two remaining examples to HESA. These two aircraft eventually found their way to the Iran Police Aviation.
- On 23 December 2005, Azerbaijan Airlines Flight 217, an An-140-100 (4K-AZ48), crashed into the Caspian Sea at CA 22:40, killing all 23 passengers and crew on board. Investigations discovered that three independent gyroscopes were not providing stabilized heading and attitude information to the crew early in the flight. The airline grounded its remaining An-140 airplanes, and cancelled plans to purchase more of the type from Ukraine.
- On 15 February 2009, an IrAn-140-100 (test registration HESA 90-04) crashed at Shahin Shahr, Isfahan Province, Iran, during a training flight, killing the five crew.
- On 10 August 2014, Sepahan Airlines Flight 5915, an IrAn-140-100 (registration EP-GPA), crashed shortly after taking off from Tehran Mehrabad International Airport. The aircraft was on a domestic service to Tabas. According to initial reports, around 40 passengers and 8 crew members were on board the aircraft, which broke up and burst into flames. It was reported that the aircraft suffered an engine failure shortly after take-off. There were 10 survivors. The aircraft was built in 2008 and was fitted with the Klimov TV3-117VMA-SBM1 engines. Survivors reported that the number two engine had stopped during the take off. Following this crash, the Iranian IrAn-140 fleet was grounded, pending outcome of the investigation. On 23 August 2014 Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan, Iran’s Minister of Defence, announced full compliance of IrAn-140 airplanes (Iranian licensed production of An-140-100) with ICAO requirements and that the aircraft is certified by Iran’s Civil Aviation Organisation. The announcement was made due to the investigation of IrAn-140 crash in Tehran on 10 August 2014.
Data from www.antonov.com
- Crew: two
- Capacity: 52 passengers
- Length: 22.60 m (74 ft 2 in)
- Wingspan: 24.505 m (80 ft 5 in)
- Height: 8.23 m (27 ft 0 in)
- Wing area: 51 m² (549 ft²)
- Empty weight: 12,810 kg (28,240 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 21,500 kg (47,350 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Klimov TV3-117VMA-SBM1 turboprops, 1,838 kW (2,466 shp) each
- Alternate power plant: Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127A turboprops, 1,900 kW (2,500 shp) each
- Maximum speed: 575 km/h (310 knots, 357 mph)
- Cruise speed: 460 km/h (250 knots, 290 mi)
- Range: 1380 km / 2420 km (745 nm, 860 mi / 1307 nm, 1504 mi) 
- Ferry range: 3,680 km (1,990 nm, 2,290 mi)
- Service ceiling: 7600 m (25,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 6.83 m/s (1,345 ft/min)
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- "An-140 реестр" [An-140 Registry]. russianplanes.net (in Russian). Retrieved 27 July 2017.
- "Russia to procure seven Antonov-140 aircraft from Ukraine". Brahmand.com. Baltic News Service. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- Gladman, Paul (19 December 2007). "Antonov An-140". Flightglobal. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- "Antonov examining proposal to assembly Russian-Ukrainian An-140 in Kazakhstan". Interfax-Ukraine. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- "Легкий военно-транспортный самолет Ан-140T" [Light Military Transport Aircraft An-140T]. bastion-karpenko.ru (in Russian). 1 September 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "An-140T". deagel.com. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- Karnozov, Vladimir (26 September 2014). "Russia Dumps An-140T Airlifter for Home-Made Ilyushins". AINonline. AIN Publications. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- Karnozov, Vladimir (16 September 2014). "Russia Looks To Resurrect Il-114". AINonline. AIN Publications. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "AN-140VIP". naumenko.info. Pavel Naumenko. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "AN-140". antonov.com. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "АN-140-100 - www.naumenko.info". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "АН-140-100". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Iran plans to use An-140 planes to patrol borders". Sputnik. RIA Novosti. 29 October 2008. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- كيش - وزير راه و ترابري اعلام كرد : با كمك وزارت دفاع، 14 فروند هواپيماي ايران 140 آماده پرواز است.وزير راه و ترابري: 14 فروند هواپيماي ايران 140 آماده پرواز است [Minister of Road and Transportation: 14 IrAn-140 ready for flight] (in Persian). Islamic Republic News Agency. 9 November 2010. Archived from the original on 16 March 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- "Iran to introduce its own regional aircraft as Tu-154 ban begins". Arabian Aerospace. 16 February 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- Niayesh, Umid (19 May 2015). "Iran rejects manufacturing Iran-140 passenger plane". Baku, Azerbaijan. Trend News Agency. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- Malyasov, Dylan (13 June 2017). "Ukraine to acquire An-140 and An-74 transport aircraft". Defence Blog. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Russian Ministry of Defense will acquire a batch of An-140s". Russian Aviation. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Accident list: Antonov 140". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
- "Ukraine mourns Iran air crash victims". BBC. 26 December 2002. Retrieved 19 February 2009.
- "Accident Description, Monday 23 December 2002". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
- "Accident Description, Friday 12 August 2005". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- "Azerbaijan plane crash 'kills 23'". BBC. 23 December 2005. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
- "Accident description, Friday 23 December 2005". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (10 January 2006). "Crashed An-140 had gyro failure". Flightglobal. London: Reed Business Information. Flight International. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
- "Accident description, Sunday 15 February 2009". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- Hradecky, Simon (10 August 2014). "Crash: Sepahan A140 at Tehran on Aug 10th 2014, lost height after takeoff". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "President Rouhani Orders Iran-140 Planes Grounded after Crash". Tehran. Tasnim News Agency. 10 August 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- "Iran-140 Planes Meet ICAO Standards". Tasnim News Agency. 23 August 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "Antonov An-140". Archived from the original on 28 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-22.
- At 520 km/h (280 kt, 320 mph) at 7,200 m (24,000 ft) with a 6,000 kg (13,000) payload / standard load – 500km/h with 52 passengers at 7,200m (24,000ft)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Antonov An-140.|