Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries Corporation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company
شرکت صنایع هواپیماسازی ایران
TypeAerospace manufacturer Government-owned corporation
IndustryAerospace
Founded1977
HeadquartersIsfahan, Iran
Key people
Gen. Hojjatulah Qureshi (Chairman)[1]
ProductsCommercial airliners, civil & military aircraft, civil aviation
ParentIran Aviation Industries Organization

Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA), (Persian: شرکت صنایع هواپیماسازی ایران — هسا) or Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries Corporation,[2][3] is an Iranian aircraft production company. Established in 1976, it belongs to the Iran Aviation Industries Organization (IAIO) and is located at Shahin Shahr, Isfahan. Approximately 2 million square meters or 500 acres of land on which the company is established was gifted by the locally notable and well-regarded Boroumand family (the brothers: Abdolghaffar, Abdolrahman, Abdolrahim, Abdolkarim, Abdolrashid and Abdollah). The company has thousands of square meters of available grounds, and 250,000 square meters of shops and hangars are allocated to A/C part manufacturing, assembling, laboratories, flight test facilities and shops of preparation for production.[4]

The original factory, built by Textron, was to produce Bell 214s of different configurations in Iran with a deal that involved several hundred helicopters and technology transfers. Reportedly the contract was so huge that a new Textron division had to be founded to meet Iranian demands and handle the program with Major General Delk M. Oden as president. The work ended due to the Iranian Revolution and subsequent sanctions against Iran.

Also known as[edit]

The Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Company organization can be known as:[5]

  • HESA,
  • HESA Trade Center,
  • HTC,
  • IAMCO,
  • IAMI,
  • Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Company,
  • Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries,
  • Karkhanejate Sanaye Havapaymaie Iran,
  • Hava Peyma Sazi-e Iran,
  • Havapeyma Sazhran,
  • Havapeyma Sazi Iran,
  • Hevapeimasazi

Subsidiaries[edit]

  • Company for Designing and Manufacturing Light Aircraft (high-tech drones).[6]
HESA manufactured and flown IrAn-140-100

Products[edit]

Jet-propelled aircraft[edit]

Propeller aircraft[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

  • Designing and manufacturing parachute recovery system for Ababil drone.[9]
  • Propeller with composite materials
  • Manufacturing parts

Rotorcraft[edit]

Hovercraft[edit]

UAV[edit]

Sanctions[edit]

Iran Watch has a helpful compendium of sanctions.[13] HESA has been subject to American sanctions since 2008.[14] The Council of the European Union sanctioned it on 26 July 2010,[5] and HM Treasury on 27 July 2010.[15] On 30 January 2023, the European Union imposed additional sanctions on HESA for providing Russia with UAVs used in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Iran's Armed-Drone Prowess Reshapes Security in Middle East". Wall Street Journal. 6 October 2021.
  2. ^ "Four Foreign Nationals Charged with Iran Sanctions Violations | USAO-EDVA | Department of Justice". 28 August 2020. Archived from the original on 2021-04-01. Retrieved 2021-10-16.
  3. ^ "Special Economic Measures (Iran) Regulations". 4 March 2019. Archived from the original on 2021-10-16. Retrieved 2021-10-16.
  4. ^ "Filepool - Detail | Organization for Investment Economic and Technical Assistance of Iran". Archived from the original on 2016-12-27. Retrieved 2014-03-14.
  5. ^ a b "REGULATIONS - COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) No 267/2012 of 23 March 2012". eur-lex.europa.eu. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2022.
  6. ^ "Iran's Armed-Drone Prowess Reshapes Security in Middle East - WSJ". Wall Street Journal. 6 October 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-10-06. Retrieved 2021-10-06.
  7. ^ "- 17k". www.globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 2019-12-04. Retrieved 2008-04-09.
  8. ^ "Iran's 'domestically manufactured' Simorgh aircraft unveiled". Mehr News Agency. 2022-05-19. Retrieved 2022-05-19.
  9. ^ "Ababil (Swallow) Unmanned Air Vehicle [UAV]". Archived from the original on 2017-07-20. Retrieved 2009-03-17.
  10. ^ "Zafar 300 helicopter - development history, photos, technical data". Archived from the original on 2019-09-11. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
  11. ^ "Zafar-300 (Iran), Aircraft - Rotary Wing - Military". Jane’s. Archived from the original on 2013-01-26. Retrieved 2016-09-12.
  12. ^ "VAR.Zafar 300". Archived from the original on 2016-10-18. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
  13. ^ "Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries (HESA)". www.iranwatch.org.
  14. ^ "Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. Additional Designation of Entities Pursuant to Executive Order 13382. 09/17/2008. 73 FR 64008". www.federalregister.gov.
  15. ^ "iran__nuclear" (PDF). assets.publishing.service.gov.uk.
  16. ^ "EUR-Lex - L:2023:026I:TOC - EN - EUR-Lex". eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2023-01-30.

External links[edit]

Videos