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Iran Ajr with mines visible on deck and a U.S. Navy landing craft alongside, 22 September 1987
|Builder:||Teraoka Shipyard - Minamiawaji, Japan|
|Acquired:||by purchase, 1978|
|Renamed:||Iran Ajr (1980)|
|Fate:||Seized and scuttled by U.S. Navy, 26 September 1987|
|Notes:||Originally acquired by Imperial Iranian Navy as part of pre-1979 Revolution defense build-up. Was intended to be the first of a class of four.|
|General characteristics |
|Length:||53.85 m (176 ft 8 in)|
|Beam:||10.81 m (35 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||3 m (9 ft 10 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × diesel engines, 2 screws|
|Speed:||11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph)|
Iran Ajr, formerly known as the Arya Rakhsh, was a Japanese-built landing craft used by Iran to lay naval mines during the Iran–Iraq War. Built in 1978, the 614-ton, 54-meter ship was powered by two diesel engines and featured a bow ramp for unloading cargo. She was scuttled in 1987.
On 21 September 1987, U.S. forces involved in Operation Prime Chance tracked Iran Ajr and dispatched army helicopters from the Navy guided missile frigate USS Jarrett to shadow it. Prime Chance was the covert part of Operation Earnest Will, the mission to protect U.S.-flagged petroleum-carrying ships in the Persian Gulf. When the aviators reported that people aboard Iran Ajr were laying mines, the U.S. commander in the Persian Gulf ordered the pilots to "stop the mining." The helicopters fired on the ship, killing some of the mariners and chasing others into the water. A team of Navy SEAL commandos later boarded the ship, confirmed the presence of mines, and detained the surviving Iranians. On 26 September, EOD MU5 Detachment 5 scuttled the ship in international waters.
When the frigate USS Samuel B. Roberts struck a mine the following April, navy explosive ordnance specialists matched the serial numbers of nearby unexploded mines to the ones aboard Iran Ajr. This evidence of Iranian involvement in the mining of Samuel B. Roberts led to the biggest surface-warfare naval battle since World War II, the retribution campaign of 18 April 1988 called Operation Praying Mantis.
The captured colors of Iran Ajr are in the U.S. Navy Museum.
- Wise, Harold Lee (2007). Inside the Danger Zone: The U.S. Military in the Persian Gulf 1987-88. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-970-3.
- Crist, David (2012). The Twilight War: The Secret History of America's Thirty-Year Conflict With Iran. New York: The Penguin Press. ISBN 978-1-59420-341-1.
- The attack on the Iran Ajr
- Another narration of the attack
- Photos of the captured Iran Ajr and its detainees aboard U.S. Navy warships