Iran Liberation Army

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Azadegan press conference in 1981

The Iran Liberation Army (Persian: آزادگان‎‎ (pl.), Azadegan, lit. "the [spiritually] free ones") was an Iranian monarchist organisation which sought to restore the Pahlavi dynasty following the 1979 Iranian Revolution. The group, founded by General Bahram Aryana, was described as the most prominent of the "fundamentalist monarchist" (vice "constitutionalist monarchist") groups following the Revolution.[1]

Azadegan Organization founded by General Bahram Aryana (an ancient 5star General and former commander in chief of Iranian Imperial Arm Forces living in semi exile in Paris with his doctorate degree from "école de guerre" of France) and a group of young intellectuals (all of them graduated from French schools). The Azadegan ideology (based on a rare doctrine and theory of the late philosopher Aryapart Bavand) had a big impact on the new forces to create a strong organization with a tendency to a paramilitary government to replace Khomeini and his Islamic new regime.

Many seminars and different press conferences of Azadegan during (1979-1981) in Paris explain clearly their goal to restore a kind of historical Empire (created and practiced by Cyrus the great) based on the initiative and thoughts of Aryapart Bavand. On the other hand military members of overturned monarchy were joining every day the organization with a great sympathy to the distinguished anti Islamic military fellow Bahram Aryana.

Monarchism was divided (those days) in 2 major groups: followers of overturned Shah's prime-minister Shapur Bakhtyar (with tendency to nationalism and Mossadegh) and the Iranian Liberation Army under the commend of general Oveysi, financed by Princess Ashraf Pahlavi.

Most of the military personnels who were constantly joining Aryana and eventually Azadegan Organization were not aware of the philosophy of Bavand, and that's why after a Mediterranean operation (known as Tabarzin) the Azadegan Organization became famous as a monarchist organization. The logo and the symbol of the organization shows an eagle looking toward the future that could be a new version of ancient "faravahar" or symbol of the power of Ahura Mazda. The intention of that group was the establishment of a temporary dictatorship similar to Franco of Spain, it might be ended to a monarchy one day but they never had allegation, announce or pretend as a monarchist group during 79-82.

Shaahin Espahbodi (former spokesman of Azadegan Organization)

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  1. ^ Anoushiravan Ehteshami (1995). After Khomeini: the Iranian Second Republic. Psychology Press. pp. 15–. ISBN 9780415108799. Retrieved 13 March 2011.