Iran Novin Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Iran Novin Party
Founder Hassan Ali Mansour
Founded 15 December 1963
Dissolved 2 March 1975
Preceded by Nationalists’ Party[1]
Merged into Resurgence Party[2]
Worker wing Workers' House (1967–75)
Ideology Monarchism

The Iran Novin Party (Persian: حزب ایران نوین‎, translit. Ḥezb-i Īrān-i Nuvīn, lit. 'New Iran Party'‎) was a royalist political party in Iran and the country's ruling party for more than a decade, controlling both cabinet and the parliament from 1964 to 1975.

The party was "indistinguishable from the state", i.e. party of power, with no coherent ideology or agenda.[3] It was the main reason to deny opportunities to seek a popular following through nationalist or socialist appeals, although its pragmatism and opportunism was advantageous in recruiting.[4]

It comprised technocrats and former civil servants; supported the Court (probably having been initiated by it), identifying with the policies of the Shah"[5] and self-proclaimed its role as "guardian" of the White Revolution (Pāsdār-e Enqelāb).[4] People's Party was regarded its opposition.[6]

Electoral history[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. p. 440. ISBN 0-691-10134-5. 
  2. ^ John H. Lorentz (2010). "Rastakhiz Party". The A to Z of Iran. The A to Z Guide Series. 209. Scarecrow Press. pp. 266–268. ISBN 1461731917. 
  3. ^ Yom, Sean (2015). From Resilience to Revolution: How Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East. Columbia University Press. p. 138. ISBN 9780231540278. 
  4. ^ a b Marvin G. Weinbaum (Autumn 1973). "Iran Finds a Party System: The Institutionalization of "Iran Novin"". Middle East Journal. Middle East Institute. 27 (4): 439–455 – via JSTOR (subscription required). 
  5. ^ P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs (1986). "Mad̲j̲lis". In W. Madelung, Rahman, Munibur, Landau, J. M., Yapp, M.E. and Robinson, F.C.R. Encyclopaedia of Islam. 5 (Second ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. ISBN 9789004161214. (Subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. p. 39. ISBN 1850431981. 
  7. ^ a b c Nohlen, Dieter; Grotz, Florian; Hartmann, Christof (2001). "Iran". Elections in Asia: A Data Handbook. I. Oxford University Press. p. 74. ISBN 0-19-924958-X. 
Preceded by
Nationalists’ Party
Ruling Party in Iran
1963–1975
Succeeded by
Resurgence Party