Persian Gulf Pro League

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Iran Pro League)
Jump to: navigation, search
Persian Gulf Pro League
لیگ برتر خلیج فارس
crest
Founded 2001
Country Iran
Confederation AFC
Number of teams 16
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Azadegan League
Domestic cup(s) Hazfi Cup
Iranian Super Cup
International cup(s) AFC Champions League
Current champions Persepolis (10th title)
(2016–17)
Most championships Persepolis (10 titles)
TV partners
Website Iranleague.ir
2017–18 Persian Gulf Pro League

The Persian Gulf Pro League (Persian: لیگ برتر خلیج فارس‎), formerly known as the Iran Pro League (Persian: لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران‎), is the highest division of professional football in Iran. The league was also known as the Persian Gulf Cup (Persian: جام خلیج فارس‎) from 2006 until 2014. It is the top-level football league in Iran since its foundation in 2001. Each year, the top finishing team in the Persian Gulf Pro League becomes the Iranian football champion, and the lowest finishing teams are relegated to Azadegan League.

Since 2013, the league comprises 16 teams. The winner and runner-up of the Persian Gulf Pro League and the Hazfi Cup champion are automatically qualified for the AFC Champions League group stage. The third of the Persian Gulf Pro League is qualified for the AFC Champions League Play-off round. The bottom two teams in the league are relegated to Azadegan League. In the past, the format and number of teams were changed for various times. Sepahan is the most successful club with five titles, while Persepolis ist the Iranian record champion with 10 titles.

History[edit]

Before 1970[edit]

Before the 1970s, Iran did not have an official national football league. Most clubs participated in championships of their city or province. Therefore the champion of the Tehran Premier League was seen as the Iranian football champion. Due to their achievements in the Tehran Premier League, Shahin Tehran and Taj, today known as Esteghlal, were the most popular teams at this time. Also Daraei and PAS Tehran were successful clubs in Tehran's own league.[1]

Local League[edit]

Local League champions
Season Champions Runners-up
1970–71 Taj PAS Tehran
1971–72 Persepolis PAS Tehran

In 1970, the Local League was created.[2] For the first time, the league comprised also teams from many other cities and provinces including Sepahan from Isfahan and East Azerbaijan's famous club Tractor Sazi.[3] The first recognized Iranian football champion was Taj after beating PAS Tehran 2–1 in the final of the 1970–71 Local League.[4][5][6][7] The incidents of the semi-final between Taj and Persepolis are also of great importance for the rivalry between both clubs.[8][9][10] The second and last edition of the Local League was won by Persepolis.[11][12][13]

Takht Jamshid Cup[edit]

Takht Jamshid Cup champions
Season Champions Runners-up
1973–74 Persepolis Taj
1974–75 Taj Persepolis
1975–76 Persepolis Homa
1976–77 PAS Tehran Persepolis
1977–78 PAS Tehran Persepolis

In 1972, the Takht Jamshid Cup was founded as the national league and included teams from all over the country. The Iranian Football Federation had decided to create a league similar to European football leagues. The league was named after Jamshid, a mythological figure of Greater Iranian culture and tradition. The Takht Jamshid Cup comprised twelve clubs in the 1973–74 season. Persepolis became the first champions of the Takht Jamshid Cup, two points ahead of rival Taj.[14][15]

Before the beginning of the 1974–75 season, the number of teams were increased from twelve to 16 teams. Esteghlal claimed its first Takht Jamshid Cup title after winning the league ahead of Persepolis.[16] The 1975–76 Takht Jamshid Cup was won by Persepolis with a great performance by Iranian football legend Ali Parvin.[17] The second place team was another Tehran based club, Homa.[18] The next two seasons were won by PAS Tehran under coach Hassan Habibi.[19][20] PAS Tehran won their championships both times ahead of Persepolis.[21][22] At this time the Takht Jamshid Cup was one of the strongest football leagues in Asia. The Iran national football team won in 1976 their third successive AFC Asian Cup and qualified 1978 for the FIFA World Cup for the first time in the country's history.

The 1978–79 Takht Jamshid Cup season was abandoned due to the 1979 Revolution. Shahbaz was leading the league after twelve matchdays ahead of Persepolis and Taj.[23][24][25]

1979 Revolution and 1980s[edit]

Due to the Islamic Revolution and the Iran–Iraq War, the Takht Jamshid Cup was dissolved and also the lower leagues were unorganized. Once again the champion of the Tehran Province League was seen as the Iranian football champion. The league was dominated by Persepolis with five titles and Esteghlal with two championships. In 1987 the 17th of Shahrivar league was created with mainly teams from Tehran, but also with clubs from some others cities. The league was won by Persepolis ahead of Daraei.[26] Due to the fact that the league was part of the Tehran Province League, Persepolis' title is today not accepted as a national championship.

Qods League[edit]

Qods League champions
Season Champions Runners-up
1989–90 Esteghlal Persepolis

In 1989 the Qods League was formed as the national Iranian football league. The first official Iranian football champion since the revolution was Esteghlal. After only one seasion the Qods League was abolished.[27]

Azadegan League[edit]

Azadegan League champions
Season Champions Runners-up
1991–92 PAS Tehran Esteghlal
1992–93 PAS Tehran Persepolis
1993–94 Saipa Persepolis
1994–95 Saipa Esteghlal
1995–96 Persepolis Bahman
1996–97 Persepolis Bahman
1997–98 Esteghlal PAS Tehran
1998–99 Persepolis Esteghlal
1999–00 Persepolis Esteghlal
2000–01 Esteghlal Persepolis

In 1991 the Azadegan League was formed as the top flight of Iranian football. The league was named as Azadegan League in honor of the Iranian prisoners of war who were released. Azadegan means the liberated in Persian. The league started with a format of 12 teams in the first season. In the 1992–93 Azadegan League season the league changed its format. 16 clubs participated in two groups of eight teams. PAS Tehran were the champions in both seasons.[28] Esteghlal relegated for the first time in their history in 1993. Before the start of the 1993–94 season, the league changed its format again. 14 teams participated in one group. Saipa won the Azadegan League title, sitting three points of runners-up Persepolis. Only one year later the league format was changed again. 24 clubs participated in two groups of 12 teams. Saipa defended their title in final against Esteghlal.

Prior to the start of the 1995–96 Azadegan League season, the league changed its format again.[29] 16 teams participated in one group until 1999. Persepolis were the champions in 1995–96[30], 1996–97[31] and 1998–99[32], while Esteghlal became the champion in the 1997–98 season.[33] In 1999 the league was reduced to 14 teams. Persepolis won the 1999–2000 Azadegan League season, sitting seven points clear of rival Esteghlal.[34] The 2000–01 season was the last year of the Azadegan League as the top-level football league of Iran. Esteghlal became the champion in a league of 12 teams.[35]

Foundation[edit]

To the turn of the millennium the Iranian Football Federation decided to create a new professional football league. In 2001 the Iran Pro League was founded as the new top-level football league in Iran.[36] With the foundation of the Iran Pro League also the professional football was finally established in Iran. After the Iran Pro League was established as the professional football league of Iran, Azadegan League was declared as the second-highest league in the Iranian football league system.[37] The Iran Pro League comprised 14 clubs until the 2003–04 season.

Persian Gulf Pro League champions
Season Champions Runners-up
2001–02 Persepolis Esteghlal
2002–03 Sepahan PAS Tehran
2003–04 PAS Tehran Esteghlal
2004–05 Foolad Zob Ahan
2005–06 Esteghlal PAS Tehran
2006–07 Saipa Esteghlal Ahvaz
2007–08 Persepolis Sepahan
2008–09 Esteghlal Zob Ahan
2009–10 Sepahan Zob Ahan
2010–11 Sepahan Esteghlal
2011–12 Sepahan Tractor Sazi
2012–13 Esteghlal Tractor Sazi
2013–14 Foolad Persepolis
2014–15 Sepahan Tractor Sazi
2015–16 Esteghlal Khuzestan Persepolis
2016–17 Persepolis Esteghlal

The first winner of the Iran Pro League was Persepolis, who beated archrival Esteghlal by one point on the final match day. Esteghlal was the leading team after 25 matchdays, but they lost their last match away against Malavan 0–1, while Persepolis could beat Fajr Sepasi with the same score at home. Esteghlal Rasht and East Azerbaijan's famous club Tractor Sazi had been relegated to the Azadegan League. Tractor Sazi needs eight years when they returned finally back to Iran's highest division. The first top goal scorer of the Iran Pro League was Reza Enayati of Aboumoslem with 17 goals. The next season was won by Sepahan, the most supported team of Isfahan. Sepahan was the first Iranian football champion based outside of the capital Tehran. At the end of the season three traditional teams were relegated to Azadegan League: Aboumoslem, Malavan and Sanat Naft Abadan.

The vice champion of the 2002–03 season, PAS Tehran, became the Iranian football champion of the 2003–04 Iran Pro League. It was the last Iranian championship for PAS Tehran as one of the most successful iranian football clubs of all time. PAS Tehran's professional football team was dissolved in 2007. Ali Daei, who returned back to Persepolis, became the top goal scorer with 16 goals. The 2003–04 season was the last edition of the league with 14 teams.

In 2004 the number of teams were increased from 14 to 16 teams. Foolad of Ahvaz became the first champion from Khuzestan Province after winning the 2004–05 Iran Pro League six points ahead of Zob Ahan. Reza Enayati of Esteghlal became the league's top goal scorer for the second time in his career after scoring 20 goals in 24 matches. He repeated his success with 21 goals in the 2005–06 Iran Pro League when Esteghlal celebrated their first championship since 2001. They defeated Bargh Shiraz in front of over 100,000 fans at Azadi 4–1 and won the league one point ahead of PAS Tehran. Shamoushak Noshahr and Shahid Ghandi (today known as Tarbiat Yazd) relegated to Azadegan League.

Persian Gulf Cup[edit]

Persepolis fans during the dramatic league final against Sepahan in 2008

On 12 August 2006, the Iranian Football Federation decided to give the league another name.[38] Since then the league primarily had been known in Iran as Persian Gulf Cup. The Football Federation decided this to promote the Persian naming. The name of the Persian Gulf has been disputed by some Arab countries since the 1960s due to political and ethnic differences between Iran and Arab countries. The football Federation decided also to change the logo of the league. The finally logo was selected from over 130 designs and unveiled on 14 November 2006.[39] Under the leadership of Iranian football legend Ali Daei, Saipa won the 2006–07 Persian Gulf Cup two points ahead of Esteghlal Ahvaz. Until 2007 six different teams won the league title successively. For the first time in history a foreign player became the league's top goal scorer. Nigerian striker Daniel Olerum scored 17 goals in 27 matches for Aboumoslem. The winner of only two seasons before, Foolad, had to relegated to Azadegan League.

Before the start of the 2007–08 season the number of teams were increased from 16 to 18 teams. The professional football team of PAS Tehran was also dissolved before the start of the season. Instead of PAS Tehran a new club was founded in Hamadan and named PAS Hamedan. This was part of the strategy by the Iranian Football Federation to locate more teams in cities outside of Tehran. In 2008 also Saba Battery was moved from Tehran to Qom. Since then the club is known as Saba Qom. The championship of the 2007–08 season was decided on the last macthday. Persepolis defeated Sepahan in front of an incredible crowd of 110,000 fans at Azadi 2–1. Sepehr Heidari scored the decisive goal in a dramatic match in the sixth minute of additional time. Sanat Naft and Shirin Faraz (today known as Rahian Kermanshah) relegated to Azadegan League. The next season was dominated by Perspolis archrival Esteghlal and the two surprising teams Zob Ahan and Mes Kerman. Zob Ahan was the leading team after 75 minutes on matchday 34 before they lost their match against Foolad due to three conceded goals in the last 15 minutes with 1–4. In the meantime Esteghlal saved their 1–0 lead against Payam Mashhad and won the league due to better goal difference. Last but not least Payam Mashhad had to relegated alongside Bargh Shiraz and Damash.

Esteghlal fans celebrate the championship in 2013

The 2009–10 Persian Gulf Cup was dominated by the two Isfahan based clubs Sepahan and Zob Ahan. Ultimately Sepahan won the league six points before Zob Ahan. Sepahan Iraqi striker Emad Mohammed became the second foreign player, who won the league's top goal scorer award. He scored 19 goals, one more as teammate Ibrahima Touré. Sepahan repeated their success by winning the 2010–11 and 2011–12 Persian Gulf Cup. For the first time in history of Iranian football a team became the Iranian champion three times in a row. Esteghlal broke Sepahan's success finally in 2013. Esteghlal won the 2012–13 Persian Gulf Cup and became for the eight time in their history the Iranian champion. During a exciting championship battle between Esteghlal and Sepahan, they faced each other in Tehran's Azadi Stadium on week 32. Moharram Navidkia scored the opening goal for Sepahan, however Esteghlal equalized in the 94th minute due to an own goal by Sepahan defender Mohsen Irannejad. On week 33 Sepahan lost their away game against Damash 1–2 while Esteghlal could beat Foolad in Ahvaz with 1–0 and became the 2013 champion.

The League was scaled down from 18 to 16 teams before the beginning of the next season. Foolad won the 2013–14 Persian Gulf Cup after an exciting, though a very defensive season at the same time. At the end Foolad ranged just 36 goals for the title. On the last matchday four other teams, Esteghlal, Naft Tehran, Persepolis and Sepahan, had the chance to win the championship alongside Foolad. While Esteghlal were defeated by Tractor Sazi at home with 1–3 and lost their AFC Champions League spot, Persepolis won their away game against Esteghlal Khuzestan with 1–0. Sepahan and Naft Tehran faced each other directly. Also Sepahan lost their AFC Champions League spot although they won the match with 1–0. Both teams had the same goal difference but Naft Tehran scored more goals in the season. Finally Foolad saved their championship after they defeated Gostaresh Foulad away by a goal of Mehrdad Jama'ati.

Persian Gulf Pro League[edit]

Esteghlal Khuzestan celebrate their sensational championship in 2016

The league changed its name from Persian Gulf Cup to Persian Gulf Pro League in 2014. The Iranian Football Federation decided also to change the logos of the Persian Gulf Pro League and of the Azadegan League. The 2014–15 Persian Gulf Pro League was embossed by an exciting championship battle between Sepahan, Tractor Sazi and Naft Tehran. Tractor Sazi was ahead of their opponents Naft Tehran on goal difference, and a point of Sepahan. Tractor Sazi and Naft Tehran faced each other at Sahand, while Sepahan had to play Saipa at home. Tractor Sazi were in front 3–1 after an hour thanks to goals from Brazilian striker Edinho, Andranik Teymourian and Farid Karimi. But then the game started to turn worse for Tractor Sazi. A very controversial red card for national team captain Andranik Teymourian and two goals by the visitors destroyed Tractor Sazi dreams. Furthermore, there were strange events in the stadium, including a lot of misinformation and disturbed telecommunication. Although Sepahan secured their title with a 2–0 victory over Saipa, thousands of Tractor Sazi supporters celebrated on the pitch, believing that they won the league for the first time in club's history.[40][41]

Also the 2015–16 Persian Gulf Pro League was not decided until the last matchday. Thanks to two goals from Rahim Zahivi at the last matchday against Zob Ahan, the Ahvaz based team Esteghlal Khuzestan won the league sensational in front of Persepolis and Esteghlal.[42] Persepolis missed their big opportunity winning the league after eight years. They were shocked on matchday 28 as they lost their match against Naft Tehran 0–2 at a packed Azadi. However Persepolis dominated the next season and won the 2016–17 Persian Gulf Pro League clear before Esteghlal and Tractor Sazi.[43]

Format[edit]

In the past, the number of teams were changed for various times. Since 2013, the league comprises 16 teams. Over the course of a season, which runs annually from July to the following May, each team plays twice against the others in the league, once at home and once away, resulting in each team competing in 30 games in total. Three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw and zero for a loss. The teams are ranked in the league table by points gained, then goal difference, then goals scored and then their head-to-head record for that season.

At the end of the season, the club with the most points becomes the Iranian champion. Currently, the top two clubs in the table and the Hazfi Cup champion qualify automatically for the group phase of the AFC Champions League, while the third-place team enters the AFC Champions League at the Play-off round. The bottom two teams are relegated to Azadegan League. Furthermore, all teams in the Persian Gulf Pro League can participate in the Hazfi Cup.

Number of teams Period
14 2001–02 until 2003–04
16 2004–05 until 2006–07, since 2013–14
18 2007–08 until 2012–13

[edit]

Ranking[edit]

Ranking Member Association Total Points FIFA Points Club Points 2018 2017 2016 2015
2018 2017 Mvmt Points (10%) Points (90%)
1 3 2 +2 China China 96.241 498 6.241 55.067 90.000 0.000 24.567 14.750 15.750
2 1 -1 -1 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 94.793 476 5.965 54.350 88.828 0.000 11.350 18.000 25.000
3 6 3 +3 Qatar Qatar 93.033 329 4.123 54.400 88.910 0.000 13.400 22.000 19.000
4 5 1 +1 Japan Japan 85.315 600 7.519 47.600 77.796 0.000 21.850 10.500 15.250
5 2 -3 -3 South Korea South Korea 84.694 570 7.143 47.450 77.551 0.000 9.950 20.750 16.750
6 4 -2 -2 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 77.655 543 6.805 43.350 70.850 0.000 18.600 9.500 15.250
7 7 0 Iran Iran 76.110 798 10.000 40.450 66.110 0.000 16.200 13.000 11.250
8 8 0 Australia Australia 54.143 747 9.361 27.400 44.782 0.000 5.900 14.000 7.500
9 10 1 +1 Thailand Thailand 45.532 236 2.957 26.050 42.575 0.000 15.050 1.000 10.000
10 11 1 +1 Iraq Iraq 41.336 438 5.489 21.933 35.847 0.000 8.933 9.833 3.167

Notes: As of 21 December 2017

Clubs[edit]

Team Location Stadium Capacity
Esteghlal Tehran Azadi 78,116
Esteghlal Khuzestan Ahvaz Ghadir 38,900
Foolad Ahvaz Ghadir 38,900
Gostaresh Tabriz Bonyan Diesel 12,000
Naft Tehran Tehran Takhti Tehran 30,122
Padideh Mashhad Samen
Imam Reza
35,000
25,000
Pars Jonoubi Jam Jam Takhti Jam 15,000
Paykan Tehran Shohada Shahr-e Qods 25,000
Persepolis Tehran Azadi 78,116
Saipa Tehran Shahid Dastgerdi 8,250
Sanat Naft Abadan Takhti Abadan 8,000
Sepahan Isfahan Naghsh-e-Jahan 75,000
Sepidrood Rasht Dr. Azodi
Sardar Jangal
11,000
15,000
Siah Jamegan Mashhad Samen 35,000
Tractor Sazi Tabriz Sahand 66,833
Zob Ahan Isfahan Foolad Shahr 15,000

Champions[edit]

Performance in the Persian Gulf Pro League by club[edit]

Team Champions Runners-up Third Place
Sepahan 5 (2002–03, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2014–15) 1 (2007–08) 1 (2012–13)
Esteghlal 3 (2005–06, 2008–09, 2012–13) 4 (2001–02, 2003–04, 2010–11, 2016–17) 4 (2004–05, 2009–10, 2011–12, 2015–16)
Persepolis 3 (2001–02, 2007–08, 2016–17) 2 (2013–14, 2015–16) 2 (2002–03, 2006–07)
Foolad 2 (2004–05, 2013–14) 2 (2001–02, 2003–04)
PAS Tehran 1 (2003–04) 2 (2002–03, 2005–06)
Saipa 1 (2006–07) 1 (2005–06)
Esteghlal Khuzestan 1 (2015–16)
Zob Ahan 3 (2004–05, 2008–09, 2009–10) 1 (2010–11)
Tractor Sazi 3 (2011–12, 2012–13, 2014–15) 1 (2016–17)
Esteghlal Ahvaz 1 (2006–07)
Naft Tehran 2 (2013–14, 2014–15)
Saba Qom 1 (2007–08)
Mes Kerman 1 (2008–09)

Iranian champions[edit]

Club Local League Takht Jamshid Cup Qods League Azadegan League Persian Gulf Pro League Total
Persepolis 1 2 4 3 10
Esteghlal 1 1 1 2 3 8
PAS Tehran 2 2 1 5
Sepahan 5 5
Saipa 2 1 3
Foolad 2 2
Esteghlal Khuzestan 1 1

Notes:
The Local League was the highest division between 1970 and 1972
The Takht Jamshid Cup was the highest division between 1972 and 1979
The Qods League was the highest division between 1989 and 1990
The Azadegan League was the highest division between 1991 and 2001

All-time table[edit]

Pos. Club Seasons Matches Win Draw Loss GF GA GD Pts Champions Runners-up Third place Relegated Best Rank
1 Esteghlal1 16 492 240 156 96 730 474 +256 875 3 4 4 1st
2 Sepahan2 16 492 224 155 113 710 481 +229 824 5 1 1 1st
3 Persepolis3 4 5 16 492 219 159 114 693 505 +188 803 3 2 2 1st
4 Zob Ahan6 16 492 195 165 132 608 495 +113 749 3 1 2nd
5 Foolad 15 458 176 152 130 549 475 +74 680 2 2 1 1st
6 Saipa 16 492 152 172 168 549 565 −16 628 1 1 1st
7 Saba Qom 13 414 128 159 127 468 460 +8 543 1 1 3rd
8 Malavan7 14 436 121 145 170 403 502 −99 507 2 7th
9 Tractor Sazi8 9 282 121 98 63 387 289 +101 460 3 1 2nd
10 Fajr Sepasi 12 368 101 135 132 347 406 −59 438 2 4th
11 Paykan 12 368 110 104 154 381 469 −87 434 4 5th
12 Rah Ahan 11 354 91 114 149 353 447 −94 387 1 8th
13 Mes Kerman 8 264 85 99 80 310 292 +18 354 1 1 3rd
14 Aboumoslem 9 270 83 90 97 295 304 −9 339 1 4th
15 Naft Tehran 7 222 86 79 57 261 217 +45 337 2 3rd
16 Esteghlal Ahvaz 9 274 80 78 116 327 402 −75 318 1 2 2nd
17 PAS Tehran9 6 168 72 59 37 263 181 +82 274 1 2 1st
18 Bargh Shiraz 8 236 60 78 98 250 335 −85 258 1 7th
19 Sanat Naft 6 192 51 51 90 202 287 −85 204 3 9th
20 PAS Hamedan 4 136 38 48 50 143 165 −22 162 1 5th
21 Esteghlal Khuzestan 4 120 35 49 36 130 131 −1 154 1 1st
22 Damash10 4 132 33 46 53 140 177 −33 145 2 7th
23 Gostaresh Foulad 4 120 30 50 40 123 129 −6 140 8th
24 Shahin Bushehr 3 102 23 38 41 96 118 −22 107 1 13th
25 Padideh 3 90 24 34 32 81 96 −15 106 10th
26 Pegah 3 90 20 28 42 70 122 −52 88 1 9th
27 Steel Azin11 2 68 19 23 26 85 112 −27 80 1 5th
28 Shamoushak Noshahr 3 86 16 26 44 64 118 −54 74 1 14th
29 Shahrdari Tabriz 2 68 14 29 25 79 97 −18 71 1 12th
30 Siah Jamegan 2 60 13 18 29 47 69 −22 57 13th
31 Aluminium Hormozgan 1 34 7 14 13 26 40 −14 35 1 15th
32 Payam Mashhad 1 34 9 8 17 33 52 −19 35 1 16th
33 Mes Sarcheshmeh 1 34 5 9 20 23 54 −31 24 1 18th
34 Naft Masjed Soleyman 1 30 3 13 14 19 39 −20 22 1 16th
35 Rahian Kermanshah12 1 34 3 12 19 25 59 −34 21 1 18th
36 Tarbiat Yazd13 1 30 4 7 19 21 43 −22 19 1 16th
37 Gahar Zagros14 1 34 3 10 21 24 59 −35 19 1 18th
38 Esteghlal Rasht 1 26 3 7 16 18 44 −26 16 1 13th
39 Machine Sazi 1 30 3 7 20 18 45 −27 16 1 16th
40 Pars Jonoubi Jam
41 Sepidrood
2017–18 Persian Gulf Pro League
2017–18 Azadegan League
Dissolved

Source: iplstats.com
Notes:
Only league matches, Play-offs are not included in the all-time table
1 Esteghlal was deducted one point in the 2013–14 season
2 Sepahan was deducted three points in the 2007–08 season
3 Persepolis was deducted six points in the 2005–06 season
4 Persepolis was deducted six points in the 2007–08 season
5 Persepolis was deducted one point in the 2013–14 season
6 Zob Ahan was deducted one point in the 2005–06 season
7 Malavan was deducted one point in the 2013–14 season
8 Tractor Sazi was deducted one point in the 2013–14 season
9 PAS Tehran was deducted one point in the 2006–07 season
10 Damash was deducted one point in the 2013–14 season
11 Steel Azin was formerly known as Ekbatan
12 Rahian Kermanshah was formerly known as Shirin Faraz
13 Tarbiat Yazd was formerly known as Shahid Ghandi
14 Gahar Zagros was formerly known as Damash Lorestan

Attendances[edit]

Average league attendances[edit]

Season Average Highest attended club Club average Lowest attended club Club average
2005–06 9,179 Esteghlal 33,467 Shamoushak Noshahr 3,542
2006–07 10,119 Esteghlal 35,000 Rah Ahan 4,073
2007–08 11,235 Persepolis 60,000 Rah Ahan 2,647
2008–09 8,954 Persepolis 40,688 PAS Hamedan 3,706
2009–10 12,298 Tractor Sazi 57,647 Paykan 2,313
2010–11 9,383 Tractor Sazi 42,000 Paykan 1,941
2011–12 9,488 Tractor Sazi 39,533 Mes Sarcheshmeh 1,706
2012–13 7,964 Esteghlal 34,250 Rah Ahan 1,942
2013–14 7,631 Persepolis 29,467 Rah Ahan 1,664
2014–15 6,921 Tractor Sazi 27,488 Saba Qom 1,365
2015–16 8,048 Persepolis 47,036 Naft Tehran 1,594
2016–17 8,086 Persepolis 48,567 Gostaresh Foulad 1,018

Notes:
Matches with spectator bans are not included in average attendances

Highest attended season matches[edit]

Season Home team Score Away team Attendance Date Week Stadium
2005–06 Esteghlal 4–1 Bargh Shiraz 100,000 21 April 2006 (2006-04-21) 30 Azadi
2006–07 Persepolis 2–1 Esteghlal 95,000 3 November 2006 (2006-11-03) 8 Azadi
2007–08 Persepolis 2–1 Sepahan 110,000 17 May 2008 (2008-05-17) 34 Azadi
2008–09 Persepolis 2–0 Damash 90,000 25 September 2008 (2008-09-25) 8 Azadi
Persepolis 1–1 Esteghlal 90,000 3 October 2008 (2008-10-03) 9 Azadi
Esteghlal 1–1 Persepolis 90,000 13 February 2009 (2009-02-13) 26 Azadi
2009–10 Tractor Sazi 0–0 Moghavemat 95,000 22 January 2010 (2010-01-22) 24 Sahand
2010–11 Esteghlal 1–0 Persepolis 100,000 15 October 2010 (2010-10-15) 11 Azadi
2011–12 Persepolis 0–2 Esteghlal 100,000 16 September 2011 (2011-09-16) 7 Azadi
2012–13 Esteghlal 0–0 Persepolis 100,000 25 January 2013 (2013-01-25) 23 Azadi
Esteghlal 1–2 Damash 100,000 10 May 2013 (2013-05-10) 34 Azadi
2013–14 Esteghlal 0–0 Persepolis 100,000 6 September 2013 (2013-09-06) 8 Azadi
2014–15 Tractor Sazi 3–3 Naft Tehran 80,000 15 May 2015 (2015-05-15) 30 Sahand
2015–16 Persepolis 4–2 Esteghlal 100,000 15 April 2016 (2016-04-15) 26 Azadi
2016–17 Persepolis 4–0 Padideh 80,000 19 April 2017 (2017-04-19) 28 Azadi

Records[edit]

All-time top scorers[edit]

All-time League top scorers[edit]

last update: May 4, 2017

No. Player Goals Years
1 Iran Reza Enayati 149 2001–2017
2 Iran Mehdi Rajabzadeh 114 2001–present
Iran Arash Borhani 114 2002–2017
4 Iran Fereydoon Fazli 85 2001–2010
5 Iran Edmond Bezik 84 1994–2006
6 Brazil Édinho 82 2008–present
7 Iran Ali Asghar Modirroosta 80 1991–2003
8 Iran Karim Ansarifard 77 2007–2014
9 Iran Jalal Rafkhaei 75 2005–present
10 Iran Ali Daei 72 1994–2007
11 Iran Mohammad Gholami 71 2001–present
12 Iraq Emad Mohammed 70 2005–2012
13 Iran Rasoul Khatibi 68 1997–2010
Iran Reza Sahebi 67 1989–2003
14 Iran Reza Norouzi 67 2007–present
Iran Siavash Akbarpour 65 2004–2015
16 Iran Gholam Hossein Mazloumi 63 1971–1979
17 Iran Mohsen Garousi 61 1989–2002
Iran Mohsen Bayatinia 61 2001–2014
18 Senegal Ibrahima Touré 60 2007–2011
19 Iran Behnam Seraj 59 1996–2004
Iran Faraz Fatemi 59 1997–2011
20 Iran Aziz Espandar 58 1971–1979
Iran Mohammad Momeni 58 1989–2003
Iran Hossein Khatibi 58 1991–2000
Iran Iman Razaghirad 58 2001–2013
21 Iran Alireza Vahedi Nikbakht 55 1998–2014
22 Iran Hadi Asqari 52 2005–2010
Iran Farshad Pious 52 1989–1997
Iran Bahman Tahmasebi 52 1999–2011
23 Iran Samad Marfavi 51 1989–1998
Iran Ali Samereh 51 1999–2012
24 Iran Davoud Haghi 50 2003–2014
25 Iran Mehdi Taremi 44 2014–
Includes when Azadegan League and Takht Jamshid Cup were Top Division[citation needed]

Players in bold are still active in the league.

Broadcasting and sponsorship[edit]

Broadcasting[edit]

Logo of IRIB TV3, the league's important tv partner

The state-owned television channel IRIB has the broadcasting rights for the most matches of the Persian Gulf Pro League, Azadegan League and Hazfi Cup. Each match of Esteghlal and Persepolis is broadcasting by IRIB TV3, IRIB's popular channel. In addition to that Esteghlal and Persepolis playing not at the same time with the ecxeption of the Sorkhabi derby and the last two matchdays of each season. IRIB Varzesh shows other important matches, while the remaining games are showing on IRIB regional channels. Furthermore Navad, a popular weekly football program broadcast by IRIB TV3, is showing highlights of all Persian Gulf Pro League and Azadegan League matches.

Sponsorship[edit]

The Persian Gulf Pro League has been sponsored since 2005. There have been four sponsors since the league's formation.

  • 2001–2005: No sponsor
  • 2005–2007: Zamzam
  • 2007–2009: Padideh
  • 2009–2014: Irancell
  • 2014–2016: Sun Star
  • 2016–present: Fanap

According to a study from November 2012, clubs in the 2010–11 Persian Gulf Cup had an average obtained 15% of their income from sponsorship.[44]

Ownership[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Football in Iran before 1970". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  2. ^ http://www.fifa.com/news/y=2009/m=9/news=esteghlal-the-iranian-crown-1101649.html
  3. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110514034903/http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/iran70.html
  4. ^ http://www.the-afc.com/club-profiles/piroozi-0
  5. ^ "Taj (Esteghlal) Local League season 1970–71". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  6. ^ http://www.the-afc.com/club-profiles/esteghlal-0
  7. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110514034903/http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/iran70.html
  8. ^ http://www.the-afc.com/club-profiles/piroozi-0
  9. ^ "Persepolis Local League season 1970–71". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  10. ^ http://www.the-afc.com/club-profiles/esteghlal-0
  11. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110604104728/http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/iranchamp.html
  12. ^ http://www.the-afc.com/club-profiles/piroozi-0
  13. ^ "1971–72 Local League". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  14. ^ "Persepolis Takht Jamshid Cup season 1973–74". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  15. ^ "Taj (Esteghlal) Takht Jamshid Cup season 1973–74". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  16. ^ "Taj (Esteghlal) Takht Jamshid Cup season 1974–75". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  17. ^ "Persepolis Takht Jamshid Cup season 1975–76". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  18. ^ "Homa Takht Jamshid Cup season 1975–76". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  19. ^ "PAS Tehran Takht Jamshid Cup season 1976–77". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  20. ^ "PAS Tehran Takht Jamshid Cup season 1977–78". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  21. ^ "Persepolis Takht Jamshid Cup season 1976–77". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  22. ^ "Persepolis Takht Jamshid Cup season 1977–78". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  23. ^ "Shahbaz Takht Jamshid Cup season 1978–79". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  24. ^ "Persepolis Takht Jamshid Cup season 1978–79". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  25. ^ "Taj (Esteghlal) Takht Jamshid Cup season 1978–79". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  26. ^ "1987–88 17th of Shahrivar league". takhtejamshidcup.com. Retrieved 2017-10-08. 
  27. ^ "List of Iranian football champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  28. ^ "List of Iranian football champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  29. ^ "1995–96 Azadegan League season". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  30. ^ "1995–96 Azadegan League season". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  31. ^ "1996–97 Azadegan League season". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  32. ^ "1998–99 Azadegan League season". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  33. ^ "1997–98 Azadegan League season". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  34. ^ "1999–2000 Azadegan League season". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  35. ^ "2000–01 Azadegan League season". rsssf.com. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  36. ^ "Foundation of the Iran Pro League". iranleague.ir. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  37. ^ "Foundation of the Iran Pro League". iranleague.ir. Retrieved 2017-09-23. 
  38. ^ برنامه‌ي كامل دور رفت ششمين دوره‌ي ليگ برتر فوتبال؛ ليگ برتر به "خليج فارس" تغيير نام داد (in Persian). ISNA. Retrieved 2006-08-14. 
  39. ^ برترين طرح ارائه شده براي ليگ برتر انتخاب شد (in Persian). IRIFF Official Website. Retrieved 2006-11-24. 
  40. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/babb/11612816/Iranian-side-mistakenly-celebrate-winning-the-league-title.html
  41. ^ https://www.tasnimnews.com/en/news/2015/05/16/741634/sepahan-wins-iran-professional-league
  42. ^ http://iransportspress.com/esteghlal-khuzestan-crowned-ipl-champion-malavan-and-rah-ahan-relegated/
  43. ^ https://financialtribune.com/articles/art-and-culture/62807/persepolis-crowned-champion-of-persian-gulf-pro-league-201617
  44. ^ Mahsa Qorbani; Mohammad Javad Sheikh; Meysam Bagheri (November 2012). "A comparative study of how to finance professional football premier leagues in Iran and England" (PDF). Scholarly Journal of Business Administration. 2 (9): 147. Retrieved 12 January 2013. 

External links[edit]