Islamic Republic of Iran Army

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Islamic Republic of Iran Army
ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران
The seal of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army
Country  Iran
Allegiance Supreme Leader of Iran
  • Estimated 420,000:[1]
    • 350,000 (Ground Force)
    • 37,000 (Air Force)
    • 18,000 (Navy)
    • 15,000 (Air Defense)
Part of Armed Forces
Garrison/HQ Tehran
  • Arabic: وَإِنَّ جُنْدنَا لَهُمْ الْغَالِبُونَ‎ "And Our Soldiers, They Verily Would Be The Victors." [Quran 37:173]
  • Persian: همه برای یکی، یکی برای همه، همه برای ایران‎‎
    All for one, One for all, All for Iran
  • Persian: ارتش فدای ملت، ارتش برای ملت‎‎ Army Sacrificed for Nation, Army For Nation
March 18 April
  • 18 April (Army)
  • 8 February (Air Force)
  • 28 November (Navy)
  • 1 September (Air Defense)
Chief Commander Major General Ataollah Salehi
Ground Force Brigadier General Ahmad Reza Pourdastan
Air Force Brigadier General Hassan Shah-Safi
Navy Flotilla Admiral Habibollah Sayyari
Air Defense Brigadier General Farzad Esmaili

Islamic Republic of Iran Army (Persian: ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎‎; Artesh) acronymed AJA (Persian: آجا‎‎), is the "conventional military of Iran"[2] and part of Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The army is tasked to protect the territorial integrity of Iranian state from external and internal threats and to project power.[2] Artesh has its own Joint Staff[1] which coordinates its four separate forces: Ground Force, Air Force, Navy and newly-established Air Defense Base.[2]

Islamic Republic of Iran Army Day[edit]

The Iranian Government makes a show of military force on Iran Army Day with parades every 18 April, often demonstrating new defense technologies.[3][4][5]

The former Supreme leader of Iran, Ruhollah Khomeini named 18 April as Army Day, calling for military parades to exhibit the nation's military preparedness.[6] The Iranian military honors the country's National Army Day by annual military parading in many cities of Iran every 18th day of April. The biggest march is held in front of the mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Hossein Aryan (November 15, 2011), The Artesh: Iran’s Marginalized and Under-Armed Conventional Military, Middle East Institute, retrieved December 15, 2015 
  2. ^ a b c Simon, Rita J.; Abdel-Moneim, Mohamed Alaa (2011), A Handbook of Military Conscription and Composition the World Over, Lexington Books, pp. 152–153, ISBN 0739167529 
  3. ^ Iran's Annual Army Day Parades,; accessed 29 November 2015.
  4. ^ "Deputy top commander: Iran standing against threats powerfully", United Press International; accessed 29 November 2015.
  5. ^ "'We are not after war, we are after logic': Iran's president Rouhani reaches out to the West as army displays show of strength", Daily Mail; accessed 19 November 2015.
  6. ^ Islamic Republic of Iran Army Day Islamic Revolution Document Center