Iranian Parliament religious minority reserved seats

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There are 5 reserved seats in the Iranian Parliament for the religious minorities. After the Persian Constitutional Revolution, the Constitution of 1906 provided for reserved Parliamentary seats granted to the recognized religious minorities, a provision maintained after the 1979 Iranian Revolution. There are 2 seats for Armenians and one for each other minority: Assyrians, Jews and Zoroastrians.[1] Given that the Bahá'í Faith is not recognized, they do not have seats in the parliament.[2] Sunni Muslims have no specific reserved seats, but can take part in the ordinary election process at all constitutional levels.[3] Sunni members of parliament are mostly from areas with strong Sunni ethnic minorities like Baluchistan.[3]

List of minority MPs in recent Majlis:

Armenians (North, South) Assyrian Jewish Zoroastrian
1980 Hrair Khalatian, Hrach Khachatryan unknown Aziz Daneshrad unknown
1984 Vartan Vartanian, Artavaz Baghumian unknown unknown unknown
1988 Vartan Vartanian, Artavaz Baghumian unknown unknown unknown
1992 Vartan Vartanian, Artavaz Baghumian unknown unknown Parviz Ravani
1996 Vartan Vartanian, Artavaz Baghumian Shamshoon Maqsudpour Sir Manuchehr Eliasi Parviz Ravani
2000 Levon Davidian, Georgik Abrahamian Yonathan Betkolia Maurice Motamed Khosrow Dabestani
2004 Gevork Vartan, Robert Beglarian Yonathan Betkolia Maurice Motamed Kourosh Niknam
2008 Gevork Vartan, Robert Beglarian Yonathan Betkolia[4] Siamak Moreh Sedgh Esfandiyar Ekhtiyari
2012 Karen Khanlari, Robert Beglarian Yonathan Betkolia Siamak Moreh Sedgh Esfandiyar Ekhtiyari
2016 Karen Khanlari, Georgik Abrahamian Yonathan Betkolia Siamak Moreh Sedgh Esfandiyar Ekhtiyari

References[edit]

  1. ^ Federation Internationale des Ligues des Droits de L'Homme (August 2003). "Discrimination against religious minorities in IRAN" (PDF). fidh.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-22. Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  2. ^ Iran Human Rights Documentation Center (2007). "A Faith Denied: The Persecution of the Baha'is of Iran" (PDF). Iran Human Rights Documentation Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-11. Retrieved 2007-03-03. 
  3. ^ a b US Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (2007). "International Religious Freedom Report 2007: Iran". US State Department. Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  4. ^ He is also since September 2008 chairman of the Asian Bureau of World Assyrian Union, cf. Iran: Majlis speaker felicitates Assyrian MP on new post, mathaba.net, September 10, 2008