Iranian Turkmen

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Iranian Turkmen
A Iranian Turkmen girl from Bandar-Torkman City.jpg
Total population
790,000 - 1,600,000 (1-2%)[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
Golestan Province, Razavi Khorasan Province and North Khorasan Province
Turkmen, Persian
predominantly Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Oghuz Turks

Iranian Turkmen (Turkmen: Eýran Türkmenleri; Persian: ترکمن‌های ایران‎) are a branch of Turkmen people living mainly in northern and northeastern regions of Iran. Their region is called Turkmen Sahra and includes substantial parts of Golestan.


Iranian Turkmens have represented a group of semi-nomadic tribes who retained a more traditional way for a long time. The following Turkmen tribes live in Iran — Yomut, Goklen, Īgdīr, Saryk, Salar and Teke.

Turkmen tribes in Iran[edit]

Nearly two million Turkmens can be found living along the northern edges of Iran, just south of the Turkmenistan-Iran border. For centuries, Turkmens lived as nomadic herdsmen. In more recent years, however, many of them have changed to a "semi-nomadic lifestyle," living in permanent homes as well as in tents. Today, most of them are farmers and cattle breeders. Turkmens still live in extended families where various generations can be found under the same roof, especially in rural areas. Many tribal customs still survive among the modern Turkmens. Unique to the Turkmen culture is kalim, which is a groom's "dowry" that can be quite expensive and often results in the widely practiced tradition of bridal kidnapping.[citation needed]

Famous Iranian Turkmen[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ethnologue". Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  2. ^ CIA World Factbook Iran Archived 2012-02-03 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]