|790,000 - 1,600,000 (1-2%)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Golestan Province, Razavi Khorasan Province and North Khorasan Province|
|predominantly Sunni Islam|
|Related ethnic groups|
Iranian Turkmen (Turkmen: Eýran Türkmenleri; Persian: ترکمنهای ایران) are a branch of Turkmen people living mainly in northern and northeastern regions of Iran. Their region is called Turkmen Sahra and includes substantial parts of Golestan.
Iranian Turkmens have represented a group of semi-nomadic tribes who retained a more traditional way for a long time. The following Turkmen tribes live in Iran — Yomut, Goklen, Īgdīr, Saryk, Salar and Teke.
Turkmen tribes in Iran
Nearly two million Turkmens can be found living along the northern edges of Iran, just south of the Turkmenistan-Iran border. For centuries, Turkmens lived as nomadic herdsmen. In more recent years, however, many of them have changed to a "semi-nomadic lifestyle," living in permanent homes as well as in tents. Today, most of them are farmers and cattle breeders. Turkmens still live in extended families where various generations can be found under the same roof, especially in rural areas. Many tribal customs still survive among the modern Turkmens. Unique to the Turkmen culture is kalim, which is a groom's "dowry" that can be quite expensive and often results in the widely practiced tradition of bridal kidnapping.
Famous Iranian Turkmen
- Magtymguly Pyragy, was a Turkmen spiritual leader and philosophical poet
- Haj Aghi Alejalil, was an Iranian philanthropist.
- Sardar Azmoun, is an Iranian footballer who plays for Zenit St. Petersburg in the Russian Premier League
- Farhad Ghaemi, is a volleyball player from Iran, who plays as a Spike for the Men's National Team
- Ezzatollah Pourghaz, is an Iranian footballer who plays for Esteghlal Khuzestan in the Persian Gulf Pro League
- Omid Kokabee, an experimental laser physicist
- Ramin Nourqolipour, an Iranian Turkmen politician and scientist who represented a part of Iranian Turkmen community in Iranian Parliament for four years between 2016-2020.
- Rahimberdi Annamoradnejad, is an Iranian urban planner.