Iranian frigate Damavand

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History
Iran
Name: Damavand
Namesake: Mount Damavand
Builder: Shahid Tamjidi Marine Industries[1], Bandar-e Anzali[2], Iran
Laid down: 2007
Launched: 17 March 2013
Completed: 2013
Commissioned: 9 March 2015[3][4][5]
Out of service: 10 January 2018
Nickname(s): Jamaran-2, Velayat
Fate: Ran aground at Bandar-e Anzali, sank on 28 January 2018
General characteristics
Class and type: Moudge-class frigate
Displacement: 1,500 tons
Length: 94.5 m (310 ft 0 in)
Beam: 11.1 m (36 ft 5 in)
Draught: 3.25 m (10 ft 8 in)
Propulsion: 2 engine, 2 × 7,500 kW (10,000 hp), 4 diesel generators, 4 × 550 kW (740 hp)
Speed: 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Complement: 120-140
Armament:
Aircraft carried: Helicopters

Damavand (Persian: ناوشکن دماوند‎), also known as Jamaran-2 (جماران ۲) and Velayat (ولایت),[9] was the second ship of the Iranian Moudge class of frigates. The class appeared to be a development of the Alvand class. It was named Damavand after inauguration in the Caspian Sea. She sank on 28 January 2018, after hitting the breakwater at Bandar-e Anzali on 10 January.

Design and construction[edit]

On 23 February 2010, the Iranian media reported that the production of the ship had commenced. The ship has the ability to carry helicopters, anti-ship missiles, surface-to-air missiles, torpedoes, modern guns and air defence guns. The vessel is also equipped with electronic warfare devices.[10]

The warship uses a new modern flat-type, phased array radar, which was being tested in 2011. The development of this new device took more than it was anticipated and delayed the launch of the vessel to March 2013.[11] The fire control radar is also replaced by a modern radar dome. New sensors, e-warfare devices and radars are also installed on the vessel, further enhancing its capabilities. The frigate has a central attack and warfare management command control system integrated inside its systems, allowing the ship to track 100 surface, sub-surface, and air targets simultaneously and choose the best in-order to attack them.[12]

History[edit]

Damavand, previously known as Velayat, was launched on March 2013 in the Caspian Sea near the northern port city of Bandar-Anzali.[13] Damavand tested its engines and performed a SAT test in the Caspian Sea from 16 to 17 July 2014. Damavand officially joined the Navy on 9 March 2015.[14]

On 10 January 2018 Damavand was based out of Bandar-Anzali on the Caspian Sea.[15] It is believed probable that the incident was the result of navigational error, affected by a strong storm in the area which creating high wave heights and low visibility in the area. During the incident six members of the ship's crew fell overboard. Four of those crew members were later rescued, two are currently considered missing by media sources. The Iranian Navy declined to confirm the reporting. There has been little information released in reference to the cause of the grounding, with exception to statements of wave height and visibility caused by the storm at the time of the grounding.

A video circulated in the Iranian media shows Damavand has fully sunk in the Caspian Sea a couple of weeks after it suffered damages during the stormy weather of Anzali Port. This will possibly result in the ship being struck from the active commission list of Moudge-class frigates.[16][17][18]

In popular culture[edit]

The interiors of Damavand are shown in the 2015 music video and in its 'behinds the scene':[19] Energy Hasteei (امیر تتلو - انرژی هسته ای) which means "Nuclear Energy" played by the Iranian rapper Amir Tataloo.[20][21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ArmedForcesUpdate (17 March 2013). "Video of Iran's Jamaran-2 final construction phase". Retrieved 9 July 2018 – via YouTube.
  2. ^ "همه تغییرات و ویژگی‌های جدیدترین ناوشکن ایران +عکس". 19 March 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  3. ^ Persian_boy (9 March 2015). "Iran Damavand frigate joint North Naval fleet_March 9, 2015_پيوستن ناوشكن دماوند ناوگان شمال ايران". Retrieved 9 July 2018 – via YouTube.
  4. ^ "Damavand destroyer joins Iran naval fleet". 10 March 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  5. ^ "PressTV-Damavand destroyer joins Iran fleet". Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  6. ^ همه تغییرات و ویژگی‌های جدیدترین ناوشکن ایران +عکس (in Persian). Mashregh News. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Iran Unveils Range of Newly-Developed Naval Equipment". 29 November 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  8. ^ This SAMs are an indijenous version of the RIM-66 Standard missile
  9. ^ "ناوشكن ولايت به ناوگان ارتش ايران مي‌پيوندد" (in Persian). Fars News Agency. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  10. ^ Iranian Students' News Agency (ISNA). Destroyer production line inaugurated in Iran (Wave II). 23 February 2007.
  11. ^ "جزئيات نصب رادارهای مدرن بر روي ناوشكن جماران" (in Persian). Mashregh News. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  12. ^ "ناوشکن جماران2 به آب انداخته شد" (in Persian). Mashregh News. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  13. ^ "Iran launches indigenous Jamaran 2 destroyer in Caspian Sea". PressTV. 17 March 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  14. ^ "Home-made Damavand destroyer joins Iran fleet". PressTV. 9 March 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  15. ^ "Destroyer of the Navy of Iran Flew Into a Breakwater in the Caspian Sea". Maritime Herald. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Home-made Damavand destroyer joins Iran fleet". PressTV. 9 March 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  17. ^ "Destroyer of the Navy of Iran Flew Into a Breakwater in the Caspian Sea - Maritime Herald". 11 January 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  18. ^ "Oryx on Twitter". Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  19. ^ Amir Tataloo, Iran behind scenes Video Tataloo song on Damavand destroyer ایران پشت صحنه کلیپ امیر تتلو
  20. ^ Amir Tataloo - Energy Hasteei (امیر تتلو - انرژی هسته ای)
  21. ^ Ishaan Tharoor (16 July 2015). "Watch: Iranian rapper celebrates nuclear power from the deck of a warship". Washington Post.

External links[edit]