Iranian legislative election, 1975

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Iranian legislative election, 1975

1971 ←
20 June 1975 → 1980

All 268 seats to the National Consultative Assembly
  First party
  Amir Abbas Hoveyda.jpg
Leader Amir-Abbas Hoveyda
Party Rastakhiz Party
Seats won 268
Seat change New party
Percentage 100%

Prime Minister before election

Amir-Abbas Hoveyda
Rastakhiz Party

Elected Prime Minister

Amir-Abbas Hoveyda
Rastakhiz Party

Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 20 June 1975. All 268 seats were won by the new monarchist party, the Rastakhiz Party.[1] Voter turnout was 48.6%.[2]

Campaign[edit]

Around 750 candidates contested the elections, of which 80% were standing for the first time.[3] All candidates had to adhere to three basic principles: "faith in Iran's constitution, loyalty to the monarchical regime, and fidelity to the 'white revolution'." Mainly the rules were to follow a set of non-exploitation laws.

However, the Rastakhiz Party, like others before it, lacked a popular base.[4] Even though the candidates adhered to the philosophy of the rule by the monarchy, there were sometimes three or four candidates for the same seats as the party slated several candidates for the seats.[5] However, Communists were banned from running for office.[6]

Results[edit]

Majlis[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Rastakhiz Party 100 268 New
Invalid/blank votes
Total 6,805,651 100 268 0
Source: Nohlen et al., IPU

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Rastakhiz Party 100 30 New
Appointed seats 30 0
Invalid/blank votes
Total 60 0
Source: IPU

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p74 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  2. ^ Nohlen et al., p69
  3. ^ 1975 IPU
  4. ^ Iran - Political parties Nations Encyclopedia
  5. ^ Janda, Kenneth (1980). Political Political Parties: A Cross-National Survey. The Free Press. pp. 861–862. ISBN 978-0-02-916120-3
  6. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1989). Radical Islam: the Iranian Mojahedin. I.B.Tauris. p.25. ISBN 978-1-85043-077-3

Further reading[edit]

  • Parliamentary Politics in Revolutionary Iran: The Institutionalization of Factional Politics (Hardcover) (Publisher: Gainesville : University Press of Florida, ©1996.) ISBN 978-0-8130-1461-6