Iranian legislative election, 1975

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Iranian legislative election, 1975
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All 268 seats in the Majlis
30 seats in the Senate
  First party
  Amir Abbas Hoveyda.jpg
Leader Amir-Abbas Hoveyda
Party Rastakhiz Party
Majlis votes 100%
Majlis seats 268
Seat change New
Senate votes 100%
Senate seats 30
Seat change New

Prime Minister before election

Amir-Abbas Hoveyda
Rastakhiz Party

Elected Prime Minister

Amir-Abbas Hoveyda
Rastakhiz Party

Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 20 June 1975. All 268 seats were won by the new monarchist party, the Rastakhiz Party. Voter turnout was 48.6%,[1] although according to official reports, for both houses, out of an electorate of 14 million, 70 percent (9.8 million) registered to vote and 52 percent of the electorate (about 7 million) cast its vote.[2]

It was the last election held under Pahlavi dynasty.[3]

Campaign[edit]

Around 750 candidates contested the elections, of which 80% were standing for the first time.[4] All candidates had to adhere to three basic principles: "faith in Iran's constitution, loyalty to the monarchical regime, and fidelity to the 'white revolution'." Mainly the rules were to follow a set of non-exploitation laws.

However, the Rastakhiz Party, like others before it, lacked a popular base.[5] Even though the candidates adhered to the philosophy of the rule by the monarchy, there were sometimes three or four candidates for the same seats as the party slated several candidates for the seats.[6] However, Communists were banned from running for office.[7]

Electoral system[edit]

Members of the Majlis were elected using the multiple non-transferable vote system. Tehran was allocated twenty-seven seats, Tabriz nine, Shiraz seven, Isfahan five and Ahwaz, Abadan, Babol, Rasht, Rezaieh, Karaj, and Kermanshah three. Of the remaining seats, twenty-five were allocated in two-member districts, and 139 in single-member districts.[2]

Results[edit]

Majlis[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Rastakhiz Party 100 268 New
Invalid/blank votes
Total 6,805,651 100 268 0
Source: Nohlen et al., IPU

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Rastakhiz Party 100 30 New
Appointed seats N/A 30 0
Invalid/blank votes
Total 60 0
Source: IPU

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Grotz, Florian; Hartmann, Christof (2001). "Iran". Elections in Asia: A Data Handbook. I. Oxford University Press. p. 69, 74. ISBN 0-19-924958-X. 
  2. ^ a b Hassan Mohammadi-Nejad (1977). "The Iranian Parliamentary Elections of 1975". The International Journal of Middle East Studies. University of Chicago Press. 8 (1): 103–116 – via JSTOR (subscription required). 
  3. ^ P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs (1986). "Mad̲j̲lis". In W. Madelung, Rahman, Munibur, Landau, J. M., Yapp, M.E. and Robinson, F.C.R. Encyclopaedia of Islam. 5 (Second ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. ISBN 9789004161214. (Subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ 1975 IPU
  5. ^ Iran - Political parties Nations Encyclopedia
  6. ^ Janda, Kenneth (1980). Political Political Parties: A Cross-National Survey. The Free Press. pp. 861–862. ISBN 978-0-02-916120-3
  7. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1989). Radical Islam: the Iranian Mojahedin. I.B.Tauris. p.25. ISBN 978-1-85043-077-3