Iranian legislative election, 1980
Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 13 March 1980, with a second round on 9 May. They were the first elections to the Majlis since the overthrow of the Shah, and were contested to a considerable degree on a party basis.
It resulted in a victory for the Islamic Republican Party, which won 85 of the 270 seats, whilst its allies who a further 45. The party, joined by smaller Islamist groups in the Grand coalition was a highly organized force and put up candidates in most constituencies and dominated the campaigns, especially in the provinces.
President Abolhassan Banisadr and his followers, presented dozens of candidates in Tehran and provinces under the list Office for the Cooperation of the People with the President.
Among National Front candidates, four won the election but their credentials was rejected on the grounds such as being "landlord" or "American agent" and they did not take seat. Its leader Karim Sanjabi withdrew in the run-off because of the alleged "irregularities".
Under the name Progressive Revolutionary Candidates list, People's Mujahedin of Iran endorsed 127 nominees nationwide and the official counts gave them as much as 20% of the votes in some constituencies, however they failed to win any seats. Its leader Massoud Rajavi received 531,943 votes in Tehran but was defeated in the run-offs.
The constitution approved in a December 1979 referendum provided for a 270-seat Majlis, with five seats reserved for minority groups including Jews, Zoroastrians, Armenians from the north and south of the country and one jointly elected by Assyrians and Chaldeans.
As there was no electoral law at the time of the elections, they were held in accordance with a proposal from the Ministry of the Interior and approved by the Council of the Revolution. However, the elections were postponed in 23 constituencies in Kurdistan and Balochistan.
137 of the elected MPs were clerics.
|Office for the Cooperation of the People with the President||12.12%||33|
|Islamic Republican Party||85|
|Islamic Republican Party allies||45|
|Source: Nohlen et al|
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