1988 Iranian legislative election
All 270 seats of Islamic Consultative Assembly
136 seats needed for a majority
Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 8 April 1988, with a second round on 13 May. The result was a victory for leftist politicians who later emerged as reformists. The number of clerics elected to the Majlis was reduced by over a third.
The constitution approved in a December 1979 referendum provided for a 270-seat Majlis, with five seats reserved for minority groups including Jews, Zorastrians, Armenians from the north and south of the country and one jointly elected by Assyrians and Chaldeans.
The elections were conducted using a two-round system, with the number of candidates progressing to the second round being double the number of seats available. Candidates required an absolute majority to win a seat in the first round, and plurality to win in the second round.
Around 1,400 candidates contested the elections, including around 30 women. 188 seats were won in the first round of voting. There were three main groups contesting in the elections, namely:
- Association of Combatant Clerics (right-wing)
- Combatant Clergy Association (left-wing)
- Coalition of the Oppressed and Deprived (left-wing)
- "1988 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal, Princeton University, archived from the original on 30 May 2012, retrieved 10 August 2015
- Bahman Bakhtiari (1993), "Parliamentary elections in Iran", Iranian Studies, Routledge, 24 (3–4): 375–388, doi:10.1080/00210869308701808 – via Tandfonline (subscription required),
By the end of September 1989, the radicals had close to 160 supporters, around 90 deputies belonged to the pragmatists' camp, the rest were "fence-sitters."
- Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p. 68 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
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- Tom Landford (2012), "Iran", Political Handbook of the World 2012, SAGE, p. 656, ISBN 9781608719952