Iranian legislative election, 1988

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Iranian legislative election, 1988
Iran
← 1984 8 April and 13 May 1988 1992 →

All 270 seats of Islamic Consultative Assembly
136 seats needed for a majority
Registered 27,986,736[1]
Turnout 59.72%[1]
Alliance Leftists Rightists
Electoral list Association of Combatant Clerics and Coalition of the Oppressed and Deprived Combatant Clergy Association

Prime Minister before election

Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Independent

Elected Prime Minister

Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Independent

Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 8 April 1988, with a second round on 13 May.[2] The result was a victory for leftist politicians who later emerged as reformists.[3] The number of clerics elected to the Majlis was reduced by over a third.[4]

Electoral system[edit]

The constitution approved in a December 1979 referendum provided for a 270-seat Majlis, with five seats reserved for minority groups including Jews, Zorastrians, Armenians from the north and south of the country and one jointly elected by Assyrians and Chaldeans.[5]

The elections were conducted using a two-round system, with the number of candidates progressing to the second round being double the number of seats available. Candidates required an absolute majority to win a seat in the first round, and plurality to win in the second round.[5]

Campaign[edit]

Around 1,400 candidates contested the elections, including around 30 women.[5] 188 seats were won in the first round of voting.[5] There were three main groups contesting in the elections, namely:[6][7]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Unknown 270
Invalid/blank votes 220,872
Total 17,004,403 100 270 0
Registered voters/turnout
Source: IPU

Aftermath[edit]

The newly elected Majlis met for the first time on 28 May, and elected Mir-Hossein Mousavi as Prime Minister on 30 June.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "1988 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal, Princeton University, retrieved 10 August 2015 
  2. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p. 68 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  3. ^ Zandi, Mohammad Ali. "3rd Islamic Consultative Assembly elections" (in Persian). Baqir al-Ulum Research Institute. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  4. ^ James W. Heslep The Decline of Clerics in the Iranian Majles
  5. ^ a b c d e Iran IPU
  6. ^ Beheshti, Ebrahim (4 January 2016) [14 Dey 1394]. "گزارش "ایران" از صف‌آرایی گروه‌های سیاسی در ۹ دوره انتخابات مجلس" (in Persian) (6116). Iran. 109221. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  7. ^ "تحليل هشت دوره مجلس شورای اسلامی" (in Persian). Jaam-e Jam. 24 February 2012. 671189238744517772. Retrieved 30 March 2016.