Iranian legislative election, 1992

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Iranian legislative election, 1992

← 1988 10 April and 8 May 1992 1996 →

All 270 seats of Islamic Consultative Assembly
136 seats needed for a majority
Registered 32,465,558[1]
Turnout 57.71[1]

  Majority party Minority party
  Mahdavi Kani in 1981.jpg Karubi2.jpg
Leader Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani Mehdi Karoubi
Party Combatant Clergy Association Association of Combatant Clerics
Alliance Right Left
Leader's seat Did not stand Tehran, Rey and Shemiranat (defeated)
Seats won 122≈150 40

Speaker before election

Mehdi Karoubi
ACC

Elected Speaker

Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
CCA

Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 10 April 1992, with a second round on 8 May.[2] The elections were the first parliamentary elections held in Iran since the death of Ayatollah Khomeini and during Ali Khamenei's leadership.[3]

It marked a rivalry between the two main organizations at the time, the right-wing Combatant Clergy Association (supporters of President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani) and the left-wing Association of Combatant Clerics. The results marked a victory for the right-wingers who obtained an absolute majority with more than 70 percent of the seats.[3]

Campaign[edit]

Main groups contesting in the elections were:[3]

Freedom Movement of Iran, the political group led by Mehdi Bazargan, boycotted the elections on the grounds that their rights to compete in fair elections had been curbed and there was official discrimination toward them.[3]

The duration of official campaigns started one week after Ramadan and were limited to seven days, ending 24 hours before the polling process started.[3] The candidates and campaigners were obliged to focus on their merits, rather than negative campaigning. Several taboos on advertisements were broken during the elections, for the first time foreign academic credentials received positive publicity and some campaign literatures were void of regular political and ideological jargon (such as following Imam's Line or highlighting activities against Shah's regime).[3]

Disqualifications[edit]

Some 3,150 candidates registered to run for a seat, but the Guardian Council disqualified about one-third of them, approving only some 2,050.[3] Among the disqualified candidates, 39 were incumbent MPs either belonged to or had sympathized with the Association of Combatant Clerics, including Sadegh Khalkhali, Ateghe Sediqi, Hossein Mousavi Tabrizi, Asadollah Bayat-Zanjani and Ebrahim Asgharzadeh. Behzad Nabavi and Mohammad Khatami, Iran's next presidnet were also disqualified to run.[3]

Results[edit]

Nohlen et al. (2001)
Party Seats %
Combatant Clergy Association and allies 150 55.6
Association of Combatant Clerics and allies 0 0
Independents 120 44.4
Total 270 100
Source: Nohlen et al.[2]
Alem (2011)
Faction Seats
Right 122
Left 40
Source: Alem[4]
Inter-Parliamentary Union

According to Inter-Parliamentary Union, some three-fourths of the seats were controlled by the Combatant Clergy Association, who secured 134 seats in the first round.[5]

Round 1
Valid votes 18,476,051
Blank or invalid votes 327,107
Total votes 18,803,158
Round 2
Valid votes 7,375,330
Blank or invalid votes 109,767
Total votes 7,485,097
Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "1992 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal, Princeton University, retrieved 10 August 2015 
  2. ^ a b Nohlen, Dieter; Grotz, Florian; Hartmann, Christof (2001). "Iran". Elections in Asia: A Data Handbook. I. Oxford University Press. pp. 68, 74. ISBN 0-19-924958-X. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Farzin Sarabi (subscription required) (1994). "The Post-Khomeini Era in Iran: The Elections of the Fourth Islamic Majlis". Middle East Journal. Middle East Institute. 48 (1): 89–107. JSTOR 4328663. 
  4. ^ Yasmin Alem (2011), Duality by Design: The Iranian Electoral System, Washington, D.C.: International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), p. 75, ISBN 1-931459-59-2, The left, however, lost the 1992 Majlis elections to the right after the Guardian Council rejected the credentials of 1,100 candidates, including 40 incumbents... Conservatives won 122 seats in the 1992 elections, while the left suffered a major electoral defeat with only 40 seats. 
  5. ^ a b "Parliamentary Chamber: Majles Shoraye Eslami, ELECTIONS HELD IN 1992", Inter-Parliamentary Union, retrieved 20 June 2017