Iranian local elections, 2003

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City and Village Councils elections
Iran
← 1999 February 28, 2003 (2003-02-28) 2006 →

905 City and 34,205 Village Councils
Registered 41,501,783[1]
Turnout 49.96%[1]
Alliance Principlists Reformists

Speaker of the Supreme Provinces Council before election

Mohsen Beheshti-Seresht[2]
Reformists

Elected Speaker of the Supreme Provinces Council

Mansour Roshanasi[3]
Reformists

Iranian City and Village Councils elections, 2003 took place in February 2003, the second time local elections for city and village councils had taken place since being introduced in 1999, and 905 city and 34,205 village councils were up for election.[4]

By the elections, conservatives made a comeback and won the majority of the seats nationally as a harbinger of the 2004 parliamentary elections, where they won decisively.[4]

The elections demonstrated a voter apathy among the urban citizens,[5] as a result of public disappointment with reformists[4] and constant political infighting which led to the dissolution of the reformist-dominated City Council of Tehran.[6]

There were 20,235,898 casted votes in this election,[1] marking the lowest turnout in 24 years. In Tehran, only 12% of eligible voters participated. Turnout in Isfahan and Mashhad showed similar rates, 12% and 15% respectively.[7]

Disqualifications were minimal and below the 10%, to the extent that the banned Freedom Movement of Iran and Nationalist–Religious activists secured a few candidates as independents.[8]

Campaign[edit]

Posters of the candidates

In early 2000's, main camp of Principlists started lights-off works to take the power from Reformists. They established an umbrella organization for 2003 elections under the name of Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran. Tehran's election campaign of Builders headed by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.[9] In some Provincial capitals, they used other name such as Āfṭāb (Persian: آفتاب‎, lit. 'Sun'‎) or Sahand (Persian: سهند‎‎) for their election campaigns.[10] Builders decisively won the election in Tehran.[11]

Results[edit]

Accoeding to Panjereh Weekly, conservatives won 64% of the seats nationwide.[12]

City Principlists Reformists Independents Ref
Tehran
14 / 15 (93%)
0 / 15 (0%)
1 / 15 (7%)
[11]
Shiraz
6 / 11 (55%)
0 / 11 (0%)
5 / 11 (45%)
[13][14]

Tehran[edit]

The results for Islamic City Council of Tehran were:[11][15]

# Candidate Affiliation Votes %
Sitting Members
1 Mehdi Chamran Alliance of Builders 192,716 36.57
2 Abbas Sheybani Alliance of Builders 178,351 33.84
3 Nader Shariatmadari Alliance of Builders 104,147 19.76
4 Hassan Bayadi Alliance of Builders 103,150 19.57
5 Hassan Ziari Alliance of Builders 100,454 19.06
6 Habib Kashani Alliance of Builders 99,013 18.78
7 Mahmoud Khosravi-Vafa Alliance of Builders 98,390 18.67
8 Hamzeh Shakib Alliance of Builders 98,313 18.65
9 Khosro Daneshjou Alliance of Builders 98,291 18.65
10 Masoud Zaribafan Alliance of Builders 95,971 18.21
11 Rasoul Khadem Independent 92,606 17.57
12 Amir Reza Vaezi-Ashtiani Alliance of Builders 90,832 17.24
13 Nasrin Soltankhah Alliance of Builders 90,029 17.08
14 Manzar Khayyer-Habibollahi Alliance of Builders 87,690 16.64
15 Mahnoush Motamedi-Azar Alliance of Builders 85,839 16.29
Alternate Members
16 Mostafa Tajzadeh Reformist 66,196 12.56
17 Mohammad-Mehdi Mazaheri-Tehrani Alliance of Builders 54,616 10.36
18 Abolghassem Ashouri Reformist 51,492 9.77
19 Ebrahim Asgharzadeh Reformist 45,519 8.36
20 Mehdi Ghasemi-Kajani Reformist 41,844 7.94
21 Alireza Rajaei Nationalist–Religious 36,078 6.84
Defeated
22 Gholamreza Ghobbeh Reformist 35,998 6.83
23 Abolfazl Bazargan Freedom Movement 34,642 6.57
24 Fariba Davoudi-Mohajer Reformist 32,867 6.24
25 Mohammadreza Behzadian Reformist 32,229 6.11
26 Ali Fathollahzadeh Independent 31,633 6.00
27 Latif Safari Reformist 29,960 5.68
28 Seyyed Mansour Razavi Reformist 28,588 5.42
29 Amir Abedini Independent 27,782 5.27
30 Gholam-Abbas Tavassoli Freedom Movement 26,226 4.98
31 Tahereh Taleghani Nationalist–Religious 23,597 4.48
32 Hamid Majedi Reformist 23,058 4.37
33 Hossein Zaman Reformist 22,156 4.20
34 Mohammad Tavasoli Freedom Movement 21,922 4.16
35 Mojtaba Badi'i Reformist 21,689 4.11
36 Mahmoud Alizadeh-Tabatabaei Reformist 20,981 3.98
37 Tahereh Taherian Reformist 20,871 3.96
38 Mohammad-Hossein Doroudian Reformist 19,933 3.78
39 Kamal Aziminia Reformist 19,532 3.71
40 Saeed Razavi-Faqih Nationalist–Religious 19,149 3.63
41 Elaheh Rastgou Reformist 19,015 3.61
42 Mohammad-Hossein Baniasadi Freedom Movement 18,781 3.56
43 Davoud Asgari Reformist 18,474 3.51
44 Ahmad Hakimipour Reformist 18,272 3.47
45 Ahmad Mousazadeh Reformist 17,645 3.35
46 Leila Liaghat Nationalist–Religious 16,926 3.21
47 Mostafa Izadi Nationalist–Religious 16,784 3.18
48 Hossein Farid-Alam Freedom Movement 16,620 3.15
49 Hengameh Shahidi Reformist 17,584 3.34
50 Morteza Lotfi Reformist 16,082 3.05
51 Mohammad-Javad Mozaffar Nationalist–Religious 15,943 3.03
53 Seyyed Amir Mansouri Reformist 15,809 3.00
53 Nahid Jalali Reformist 15,751 2.99
54 Majid Shafipour-Motlagh Reformist 15,438 2.93
55 Nastaran Nassiri Reformist 14,846 2.82
56 Omid Memarian Reformist 14,680 2.79
57 Mir Ali-Asghar Negarandeh Reformist 14,037 2.66
58 Majid Masteri-Farahani Reformist 13,725 2.60
59 Hamzeh Karami Reformist 13,664 2.59
60 Mahmoud Amanpour-Gharaei Reformist 13,257 2.52
61 Mohsen Saberi-Qomi Reformist 12,735 2.42
62 Khosrow Mansourian Freedom Movement 12,719 2.41
63 Shahram Salmasi-Javid Independent 12,608 2.39
64 Seyyed Taghi Nourbakhsh Reformist 12,095 2.30
65 Mohammad-Mehdi Sazegara Reformist 10,590 2.01
66 Issa Saharkhiz Reformist 10,445 1.98
67 Mohsen Sorkhou Reformist 9,489 1.80
68 Amir Khorram Freedom Movement 9,239 1.75
69 Rahmatollah Khosravi Reformist 8,842 1.68
70 Majid Hakimi Freedom Movement 8,491 1.61
Valid Votes 526,972
Total Votes 562,522

Turnout[edit]

Source: Hamshahri[16]
Province Turnout
Qom Province 30%
Isfahan Province 34%
Yazd Province 42%
Sistan & Baluchestan Province 68%
Fars Province 46%
East Azerbaijan Province 46%
West Azerbaijan Province 61%
Tehran Province 23%
Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari Province 62%
Ilam Province 66%
Khorasan Province 54%
Zanjan Province 62%
Kerman Province 60%
Kohgiluyeh & Boyerahmad Province 69%
Golestan Province 62%
Hormozgan Province 66%
Mazandaran Province 66%
Total 49%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2003 Municipal Councils Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal, Princeton University, retrieved 10 August 2015 
  2. ^ "Board of Supreme Provinces Council was elected". Iranian Students News Agency (in Persian). 29 October 2002. Retrieved 18 June 2017. 
  3. ^ "Board of Supreme Provinces Council was elected in present of minister of interior". Iranian Students News Agency (in Persian). 4 August 2003. Retrieved 18 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c Ehteshami, Anoushiravan; Zweiri, Mahjoob (2007), Iran and the Rise of Its Neoconservatives: The Politics of Tehran's Silent Revolution, I.B.Tauris, pp. 35–37, ISBN 0857713671 
  5. ^ Mir-Hosseini, Ziba (2017), Jose Casanova, Jocelyne Cesari, eds., Islam, Gender, and Democracy in Comparative Perspective, Oxford University Press, p. 224, ISBN 9780198788553 
  6. ^ "Iran elections 'can heal wounds'", Reuters, 28 February 2003, retrieved 11 June 2017 – via CNN 
  7. ^ Ray Takeyh (6 March 2003), "Iran's Municipal Elections: A Turning Point for the Reform Movement?", The Washington Institute, Policywatch (721), retrieved 11 June 2017 
  8. ^ Nigel Parsons (November 2010), "Electoral Politics in Iran: Rules of the Arena, Popular Participation, and the Limits of Elastic in the Islamic Republic" (PDF), Policy Brief, The Middle East Institute (30), retrieved 11 June 2017 
  9. ^ Axworthy, Michael (2013), Revolutionary Iran: A History of the Islamic Republic, Oxford University Press, pp. 373–374 
  10. ^ Roozi-talab, Mohammad-Hassan (29 May 2004). "A further trust". Hamshahri (in Persian) (3393). Tehran. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c "Final election results of Islamic city council of Tehran" (PDF). Ettela'at International (in Persian) (2111). New York City. 3 March 2003. pp. Page 1. ISSN 1353-8829. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  12. ^ Torkashvand, Habib (6 November 2010). "Brief look to performance of Principlism". Panjereh weekly (in Persian). Jahan News. Retrieved 18 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "Election results of city council of Shiraz" (in Persian). Iranian Students News Agency. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  14. ^ "«Aftab» is leading in Shiraz" (in Persian). Fars News Agency. 1 March 2003. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  15. ^ "Final election results of Islamic city council of Tehran (continuation)" (PDF). Ettela'at International (in Persian). New York City: Page 4. 3 March 2003. ISSN 1353-8829. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  16. ^ "Tehran, the lowest turnout". Hamshahri (in Persian) (2997). 5 March 2003.