|Music of Iran|
|Media and performance|
|Nationalistic and patriotic songs|
Rock music was introduced in Iran by the 1960s, together with the arrival of other Western musical genres in the country's music industry. Iranian rock music was developed by the emergence of artists such as Farhad Mehrad, Kourosh Yaghmaei, Black Cats, and Scorpio (not to be confused with the German Scorpions). It soon grew as a popular musical genre among the young generation, especially at the nightclubs of Tehran and Abadan.
After the 1979 Revolution
Following the 1979 Revolution, the authorities of the new regime imposed significant restrictions on the music industry and other fields of art and media in Iran. Later, by the late 1990s, Reformist president Khatami advocated more openness in terms of the policies on cultural activities. The Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, which was formed in 1984, is responsible for monitoring and sanctioning music and other types of cultural industries within post-revolutionary Iran.
In post-revolutionary Iran, live performances are heavily restricted by the authorities. Rock musicians may obtain permission to perform on live stage, provided their music is approved by the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance. However, many would have to rely on the Internet and underground scenes, as they fail to get permission from the authorities.
Below is a list of homegrown Iranian rock bands and individual artists, active either inside Iran or in the diaspora.
- Farhad Mehrad (since the 1960s; born in 1944, died in 2002), a pioneer of Iranian rock music.
- Kourosh Yaghmaei (since the 1960s; born in 1946), a pioneer of Iranian rock music.
- Fereydoon Forooghi (born in 1951, died in 2001), a pioneer of Iranian rock music.
- Kavus Torabi (since 1988; born in 1971), a multi-instrumentalist progressive rock artist from Tehran.
- Mohsen Namjoo (since 1993; born in 1976) mixes elements from Iran's classical music with rock music.
- Shahin Najafi (since 1998; born in 1980), a Germany-based rap rock/metal artist from Anzali.
- O-Hum (since 1998), a folk rock band from Tehran.
- Reza Yazdani (since 1998; born in 1973), a pop rock artist from Tehran.
- Arashk (2001–2008), a progressive rock/metal band based in Tehran.
- Mohsen Chavoshi (since 2001; born in 1979), a pop and rock artist from Tehran.
- 127 (since 2002), a rock band from Tehran.
- Arsames (since 2002), a death metal band from Mashhad.
- Kaveh Afagh (Since 2002), a pop rock artist from Tehran.
- Sirvan Khosravi (since 2002; born in 1982), a pop rock artist from Tehran.
- Barad (2003–2005) were a folk rock band based in Tehran.
- Buddahead (since 2003), a New York-based rock band from Tehran.
- Kiosk (since 2003), a country/blues/alternative rock band from Tehran.
- Angband (since 2004), a power metal band from Tehran.
- Hypernova (since 2006), a New York-based rock band from Tehran.
- The Yellow Dogs (since 2006), a Brooklyn-based indie rock band from Tehran.
- Sanam Pasha (since 2012; born in 1978) founded Iran's first all-female rock band in 2012.
- "IRAN xi. MUSIC". Encyclopædia Iranica. XIII. March 30, 2012. pp. 474–480.
- "Farhad Mehrad's Official Website". farhadmehrad.org. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
- "Starting with Shabpareh – Iranican". iranican.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
- "'اسکورپیو' در آپارات" ['Scorpio' on Aparat]. BBC Persian.
- "Rock Rolls Once More in Iran As Hard-Liners Back Pop Revival". The Wall Street Journal. 2 June 2000. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- "Roll Over, Khomeini! Iran Cultivates A Local Rock Scene, Within Limits". The Washington Post. 23 August 2001. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- Brodie, Jai (4 June 2014). "Iran's rock stars and their underground scene". The Guardian.
- Davies, Rodrigo. "Iran's underground rock scene thrives despite censors". BBC News. Retrieved 2 October 2012.
- "Martin Hodgson". The Guardian. 22 April 2007.
- "Iranian Metal Band ANGBAND Signs With Germany's PURE STEEL RECORDS". Blabbermouth. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 8 June 2008.
- MTV report: Iranian band Hypernova tours in New York City
- BBC Report on O-Hum's first state sanctioned public concert
- BBC: "Fresh Iranian bands ready to rock"
- The Guardian: Rock bands struggling to be heard in Iran
- Christian Science Monitor: "You say you want a revolution? Iran bands rock on."
- The Boston Phoenix: "IRAN SO FAR AWAY: Tehran rockers 127 make it to America at last"