Iranian women and Persian music
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Since the Iranian revolution, Iranian female solo vocalists are permitted to perform for female audiences. Female vocalists can perform for male audiences only as a part of a chorus. The prominent classical singer Fatemeh Vaezi, has given concerts accompanied by a female orchestra. She has also performed widely in Europe and the United States. Parisa (Ms. Vaezi's stage name) has also assembled a five-piece female orchestra. After 1986 Maryam Akhondy, the classical trained singer from Teheran, started working with other Iranian musicians in exile. With Nawa and Tschakawak she performed in Germany and Scandinavia. At the same time she founded Ensemble Barbad, another group of traditional Iranian art music, which has been touring all over Europe for the past years. In 2000 Maryam Akhondy created the all-female a cappella group named Banu as a kind of musical expedition to the different regions and cultures of Iran. For this project Maryam Akhondy over years collected old folk songs, which were sung only in private sphere, where women are alone or among themselves: at the cradle, doing housework, working in the fields, and women's celebrations. Maryam Akhondy made it her business to bring traditional women’s songs back to life again. The well-known classical and folk singer. Sima Bina, who is also a visual artist, has taught many female students to sing. She has also been permitted to give concerts for women in Iran, and has performed widely abroad.
A choir for Iranian women with fifty-eight members was established under the Armenian male conductor Gorgin Mousissian. Mousissian's choir, with its repertoire of National songs and folk melodies, performed recently for a mixed male and female audience at Vahdat Hall in Tehran.
Persian classical music
Qamar ol-Molouk Vaziri is believed to have been the first female master of Persian music to introduce a new style of music and receive a positive reputation among masters of Persian music during her own lifetime.
Several years later, Mahmoud Karimi trained several female students who later became masters of Persian traditional music.
- Maryam Akhondy, founder of Barbad Ensemble and former member of Tschakawak
- Arfa Atrai, Santur musician and writer
- Soosan Matloobi, Master of Persian classical music
- Fatemeh Vaezi or better known as Parisa, Master of Persian classical music
- Masoomeh Mehr-Ali, Master of Persian classical music
- Soosan Aslani, Master of Persian classical music
- Shakila, singer, winner of Persian Academy Award.
- Simin Ghanem
- Soodabeh Salem, musician and conductor
- Afsaneh Rasaei, member of Hamavayan ensemble
- Pirayeh Pourafar, founder of Nava Ensemble and Lian Ensemble
- Mehrbanou Goudarzi
- Mahsa Vahdat
- Pari Zangeneh
- Sima Bina
- Darya Dadvar
- Mitra Rahbar
- Monika Jalili
- Ziba Shirazi
- Zohreh Jooya
- Shushā Guppy
Persian symphonic music
Iranian popular music
Many female pioneers in Iranian pop music were initially trained in classical Persian music. Maestro Ali Tajvidi in particular trained many female students (e.g.Hayedeh) that later on shifted to popular music. Some pioneers are:
Non Iranian popular music
- Fereshteh Mokhtarian, 'Parisa's Voice in the Autumn: An Interview with Ms. Fatemeh Vaezi (Parisa),' trans. Maryam Habibian, Donyayeh Sokhan, No. 45 (1991), p. 23
- Under wraps on the stage
- Fereshteh Javaheri, 'With These Problems of Life, There Is No Time for Art,' trans. Maryam Habibian, Zanan, No. 36 (1997), p. 23.
- Fereshteh Javaheri, 'The Chorus of Life: An Interview with Some Women Members of Vahdat Hall's Chorus,' trans. Maryam Habibian, Zanan, No. 42 (1998), p. 30.