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Temporal range: Late Miocene
Iranotherium ("Beast of Iran") was a large elasmothere rhinoceros, as big as a modern white rhino, found in the Middle East and Central Asia. It was a precursor of the related Sinotherium, and may have been ultimately outcompeted by its descendant.
Males were larger than the females and had more developed muscle scars on the zygomatic arch.
- Deng, T. (2005). New discovery of Iranotherium morgani (Perissodactyla, Rhinocerotidae) from the late Miocene of the Linxia Basin in Gansu, China, and its sexual dimorphism. Journal of vertebrate Paleontology, 25(2), 442-450.
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