Iraq–Mexico relations

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Iraq–Mexico relations
Map indicating locations of Iraq and Mexico

Iraq

Mexico

Iraq–Mexico relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the Republic of Iraq and the United Mexican States.

History[edit]

In the late 1800s and early 1900s, several waves of Arab migration arrived to Mexico, with many coming from present day Iraq.[1] In 1932, Iraq obtained its independence from the United Kingdom. On 25 September 1950, Iraq and Mexico established diplomatic relations.[2] In 1977, Iraq opened an embassy in Mexico City and in 1978, Mexico opened an embassy in Baghdad.[2][3]

In 1980, Mexico was elected as a non-permanent member to the United Nations Security Council. In September 1980, with regards to the Iran–Iraq War, Mexico voted in favor of United Nations Security Council Resolution 479 calling on both Iran and Iraq to immediately cease any further uses of force and instead settle their dispute through negotiations. In 1981, Mexico condemned Israel for bombing Iraq's nuclear reactors just outside of Baghdad known as Operation Opera.[4] In April 1986, Mexico closed its embassy in Baghdad as a result of the Iran–Iraq War.[2]

In August 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait triggering the First Gulf War. Mexico condemned Iraq's invasion and intention of annexing Kuwait and Mexico supported the United Nations Security Council Resolution 660 and demanded that Iraq withdraw its troops from Kuwait and supported sanctions against President Saddam Hussein's government.[5][4] In 2002, Mexico was again elected as a non-permanent member to the United Nations Security Council. That year, the United States tried to persuade Mexico to support an American invasion of Iraq on the pretense of Iraq maintaining Weapon of mass destruction, however, Mexico refused to support the invasion of and refused to break diplomatic relations with Iraq.[6] In March 2003, Mexico condemned the Iraq War.[4]

For a brief period in 2003, Iraq closed its embassy in Mexico City, however, re-opened its diplomatic mission later that year.[2] As a non-permanent members of the UN Security Council, Mexico voted in favor for the following resolutions concerning Iraq: Resolution 1441, Resolution 1483 and Resolution 1500. Since the Iraq War, Mexico has supported and voted in favor for the reconstruction of and supporting activities for the benefit of Iraq and its people and to preserve the fundamental right of the Iraqi people over their natural resources, as well as their inalienable right to decide their own future.[4][5]

High-level visits[edit]

High-level visits from Iraq to Mexico[7][8]

  • Foreign Deputy Minister Munthir Uraim (1979)
  • Trade Minister Mohammed Mahdy Saleh (2002)

Scholarships[edit]

Each year, the Mexican government, through the Secretariat of Foreign Affairs, has granted scholarships to Iraqi nationals to carry out specialty studies such as master's degrees, doctorates, doctoral research or postdoctoral stays, and in addition, they may also take Spanish language and Mexican culture studies for six months at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, Teaching Center for Foreigners.[2]

Trade[edit]

In 2018, trade between Iraq and Mexico totaled $21.8 million USD.[9] Iraq's main exports to Mexico include: molded parts, anaerobic adhesives, automobile moldings and tubing. Mexico's main exports to Iraq include: hot-rolled pipes, compressed refrigeration units, malt beer, intubation tubes and valves.[2] In 2017, 15 Mexican companies operated in Iraq and are engaged in the manufacture and distribution of oil pipelines, commercialization of machinery and agricultural implementations; and the sale of medical equipment and medicines.[10]

Diplomatic missions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]