Iraqi Islamic Party

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Iraqi Islamic Party (IIP)
Hizb al-Islami al-Iraqi
Leader Osama Tawfiq al-Tikriti
Founded April 26, 1960 (1960-04-26)
Ideology Islamic democracy
Qutbism Islamism
Islamism
Political position Right-wing
Religion Sunni Islam
International affiliation Muslim Brotherhood
Website
http://www.iraqiparty.com

The Iraqi Islamic Party is the largest Sunni Islamist political party in Iraq as well as the most prominent member of the Iraqi Accord Front political coalition. It is part of the government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. Osama Tawfiq al-Tikriti succeeded Vice-President Tariq al-Hashimi as the party's secretary-general on 24 May 2009, who was succeeded in July 2011 by Ayad al-Samarrai.[1]

The IIP evolved out of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, and was banned from 1961 during Iraqi nationalist rule, something which continued throughout the reign of the Pan-Arab Ba'ath Party right up to the invasion of Iraq in 2003. Like the Muslim Brotherhood, the IIP's religious rather than ethno-political ideology made the party systematically incompatible under the Iraqi governments between 1961 and 2003.[2]

During the 1970s, the IIP began operating in exile in Great Britain and published a newspaper called Dar as-Salam. Iyad al-Samara'i was elected to serve as secretary-general.[2]

The party is a part of the Muslim Brotherhood, which is considered a terrorist organization by the governments of Bahrain,[3][4] Egypt, Russia, Syria, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.[5][6][7][8]

Party Leaders[edit]

Political Bureau[edit]

  • Dr. Alaa Maki
  • Dr. Omar Abdul Sattar Karbouli
  • Professor Abd al-Karim al-Samarrai
  • Professor Naseer al-Ani

Post-Invasion[edit]

Mohsen Abdel Hamid served on the Iraqi Governing Council that worked alongside the Coalition Provisional Authority after the invasion of Iraq. It joined the Iraqi Interim Government where it had one minister, Hajim al-Hassani. On 9 November 2004 the IIP withdrew from the government in protest over Operation Phantom Fury, an offensive at Fallujah led by U.S. forces. Hassani chose to stay in the government and quit the party, later joining The Iraqis list.

Government Participation[edit]

The party initially supported the general elections of 30 January 2005 but pulled out of the national election one month before the vote[9] saying violence made a fair election impossible. The party did participate in some elections for governorate level posts on the same day (see for instance Ninawa governorate council election, 2005 and Al-Anbar governorate council election, 2005).

The IIP led a large-scale public campaign urging Iraqis (especially the Sunnis) to vote against the constitution referendum in 2005. Two days before the referendum took place, the IIP announced its support for a "yes" vote, following a compromise with the members of the Iraqi Transitional Government whereby the newly elected Iraqi National Assembly would consider amendments to the constitution in 2006.[10]

In the December 2005 election the IIP ran as part of the Iraqi Accord Front coalition, which won 44 seats, the most for any Sunni Arab coalition. The leader of Al-Qaida in Iraq, Abu Mu'sab al-Zarqawi, condemned the IIP for their participation in the general election.[11]

The party's platform for the elections included demanding a timetable for the withdrawal of the Multinational force in Iraq, opposition to federalism in Iraq, opposition to De-Ba'athification and promotion of Islamic values.[2]

Following the elections the IAF joined the United Iraqi Alliance-led government of Nouri al-Maliki.

Relationship with US[edit]

The party has often criticized the US military presence in Iraq. In October 2008, following a US-backed raid that resulted in the death of a man the IIP said was a senior party official, the party said in a statement that it was suspending all contact with US civilian and military officials.[12] A US military drone crashed into the party's offices in Mosul in 2009. A spokesman for US forces in Iraq said the location of the crash was a pure coincidence.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Global Muslim Brotherhood Report 8 October 2011
  2. ^ a b c iraqi islamic party (iip), Niqash, 7 November 2005, accessed on 24 July 2010
  3. ^ "Bahrain News Agency - Bahrain backs Saudi Arabia, UAE, Foreign Minister says". Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  4. ^ Anadolu Ajansı (c) 2011. "Bahrain FM reiterates stance on Muslim Brotherhood". Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood declared 'terrorist group'". Bbc.co.uk. 25 December 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Resolution of the State Duma, 2 December 2003 N 3624-III GD "on the Application of the State Duma of the Russian Federation" on the suppression of the activities of terrorist organizations on the territory of the Russian Federation" (in Russian). Consultant Plus. Archived from the original on 1 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "Saudi Arabia declares Muslim Brotherhood 'terrorist group'". BBC. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  8. ^ Alaa Shahine and Glen Carey, Bloomberg News (9 March 2014). "U.A.E. Supports Saudi Arabia Against Qatar-Backed Brotherhood". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  9. ^ Howard, Michael (28 December 2004). "Main Sunni party pulls out of Iraqi election". The Guardian. Sulaimaniya. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "CNN.com - Progress on constitution; attack kills 30 - Oct 12, 2005". CNN. 
  11. ^ What extremists are saying - U.S. Central Command, 21 February 2006
  12. ^ Iraq's main Sunni party suspends contacts with US|AP via Yahoo, 28 October 2008
  13. ^ "US drone crashes into Iraq political party office". Reuters. 29 September 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 

External links[edit]