Iraqi National Intelligence Service
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|جهاز المخابرات الوطني العراقي|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Iraq|
After the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Paul Bremer disbanded Saddam Hussein's military and security services. As the security situation within Iraq deteriorated and Iraqi resistance to the occupation became stronger and more violent, the need for a secret service became more pressing. In December 2003, The Washington Post reported that Iyad Allawi and Nouri Badran, two members of the Interim Governing Council and Iraqi National Accord officials, flew to the US to discuss details of setting up a new secret service with the help of the CIA. The agency was to be headed by Badran and recruit many agents of Saddam's Iraqi Intelligence Service. The main objective of the new organisation was to counter the insurgency. The hiring process was aided by CIA polygraph
In January 2004, The New York Times reported that the creation of the new agency was under way. It was to employ between 500 and 2,000 staff and be financed by the U.S. government. Ibrahim al-Janabi was said to be the main candidate for leading the spy agency. These efforts drew criticism from Ahmed Chalabi, another formerly exiled Iraqi politician who had good connections with the CIA, who voiced worries that the new agency might be used for the restoration of the old Ba'athist security apparatus and follow the well-established pattern of government repression.
In April 2004, CPA head Paul Bremer signed Authority Order Number 69, which laid out a charter for the INIS and authorized the Iraqi Governing Council to create such an agency. Its first director is Mohammed Abdullah al-Shahwani and it has been funded from secret funds set aside within the Iraq appropriation approved by the US Congress. These secret funds, totalling $3 billion over three years, are said to be destined for covert CIA operations within Iraq (as well as, to a small extent, Afghanistan). Al-Shehwani was in the Iraqi military from 1955 until 1984, fled to the UK in 1990 and lost his three sons in the 1996 failed coup organised by INA and the CIA.
In mid-2004 eighteen INIS agents were killed, ten by the Badr Organization and eight by Abu Mussab al-Zarqawi's Al-Qaeda in Iraq according to al-Shahwani. He also accused the Iranian embassy in Baghdad of organizing the Badr assassinations.
According to CPA Order 69, which established the INIS, it is tasked to collect intelligence and perform intelligence activities with regard to:
- Threats to the national security of Iraq.
- Terrorism and Insurgency.
- Proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, narcotics production and trafficking, and serious organized crime.
- Espionage and other acts threatening to Iraqi democracy.
- Priest, Dana; Wright, Robin (2003-12-11). "Iraq Spy Service Planned by U.S. To Stem Attacks: CIA Said to Be Enlisting Hussein Agents". The Washington Post.
- Phoenix Rising, The American Prospect, January 1, 2004
- Parker, Ned (2004-10-14). "Iraq's spy chief accuses Badr militia of killing agents". Retrieved 2008-01-24.
- Coalition Provisional Authority Order Number 69: Delegation of Authority to Establish the Iraqi National Intelligence Service