Iraqi support of Baloch rebels
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Balochistan is divided between three nations Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan. The relationship between the Baloch and Arab nationalist leaders began at the start of 20th century but became stronger during the 1950s–1980s. The support came from the Ba'ath Party of Iraq, due to its conflict with Iran.
In the 1950s, Iraq provided support for the Baloch against Tehran. Rebel leader Dad Shah was very famous in Iraq’s media. He was killed in 1957 but Iraqi support continued. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran, was unable to stop the civil war in Iranian Balochistan immediately after the death of Dad Shah. Iranian forces successfully put down the rebellion at the start of the 1960s. Many Baloch went underground and reorganized. In 1968, with the help of Iraq and other Arab nationalist leaders, the Baluch once again revolted. The revolt ended in 1975 when the Shah persuaded one of the main Baluch nationalists and tribal chiefs to negotiate. In the 1970s, ties with Iraq became stronger by supporting Baluch separatist groups on both sides of border. From 1973 to 1977 Iraq aided the Baloch revolt in Pakistan, the Balochistan conflict. In February 1973, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto dismissed the Balochistan provincial government and arrested three main Baloch nationalist leaders because of arms discovered in Iraqi embassy. Pakistan's government also announced an Iraqi/Soviet plan to break up Pakistan and Iran. With the help of the Shah, Pakistan crushed the insurgence in Balochistan in 1977 and exiled Baloch nationalist leaders who had been in prison since 1973; some migrated to Afghanistan, Gulf states and the United Kingdom. In the 1980 Iran–Iraq War, Iraq once again supported the Baluch to keep Iranian forces busy on their eastern front aiding Iraq on the western front. In June 1991, Saddam Hussein removed one of his commanders General Wafiq Samarrai because of his ties with Tehran. In 1994, General Samarrai revealed that Iraqi Intelligence Service relations were very well established on both sides of the border. During the Iran–Iraq War, Iraqi intelligence had an office in Dubai run by Baloch.
- Iran–Iraq relations
- Iran–Pakistan relations
- Iraq–Pakistan relations
- Baloch people
- Baloch tribes
- Demographics of Iran
- Demographics of Pakistan
- Sistan and Baluchestan Province
- Dad Shah
- Baluchistan Liberation Front
- Balochistan Liberation Army
- Baluch People's Liberation Front
- Baluchi Liberation Front
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