Ireland–Mexico relations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ireland–Mexico relations
Map indicating locations of Ireland and Mexico

Ireland

Mexico

Ireland–Mexico relations refer to foreign relations between Ireland and Mexico. The relationship has been often associated with the Irish migration to Mexico. Both nations are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and World Trade Organization.

History[edit]

Embassy of Mexico in Dublin
Commemorative plaque placed at the San Jacinto Plaza in Mexico City. It states: "In memory of the Irish soldiers of the heroic St. Patrick's Battalion, martyrs who gave their lives for Mexico during the unjust invasion by the United States of 1847."

During Spanish colonization of Mexico, several Spanish Viceroys were of Irish descent such as Juan O'Donojú who was the last Spanish Viceroy.[1] Since Mexican independence, many Irish have immigrated to Mexico and have contributed to its culture and development.[2] During the Mexican–American War (1846–1848), many Irish immigrants in the United States abandoned their posts and joined Mexican forces because of what they felt was discrimination and persecution of their Catholic faith by non-Catholic Americans.[3] One of the most popular Irish battalions during the war was that of the St. Patrick's Battalion which fought on the Mexican side during the Battle of Buena Vista and Battle of Churubusco in 1847, among others.[4]

On 10 January 1974, both nations established diplomatic relations.[5] At first, Mexico was accredited to Ireland from its embassy in London and Ireland was accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, DC. In 1990, both nations agreed to open resident diplomatic missions and in June 1991, Mexico opened its embassy on Raglan Road, Dublin and Ireland followed suit by opening its embassy in Mexico City in September 1999.[5]

The Irish and Mexican presidents Michael D. Higgins and Enrique Peña Nieto held a bilateral meeting in Rome on 20 March 2013, the day after the papal inauguration of Pope Francis. Peña Nieto invited Higgins to visit Mexico,[6] and the Irish president began a four-day official visit on 19 October 2013 as part of a three-nation trip to Central America.[7][8]

In 2015, both nations celebrated 40 years since the establishment of diplomatic relations between both countries.

State visits[edit]

Presidential and Prime Ministerial (Taoiseach) visits from Ireland to Mexico[5][9][10][11]

Presidential visits from Mexico to Ireland

Bilateral agreements[edit]

Both nations have signed several bilateral agreements such as an Agreement on the Avoidance of Double-Taxation and Tax Evasion (1998); Agreement on Educational and Cultural Cooperation (1999); Memorandum of Understanding for the Establishment of a Mechanism of Consultation in Matters of Mutual Interest (2006); Memorandum of Understanding for Cooperation between the Mexican Secretariat of Foreign Affairs and Trinity College Dublin (2003) and an Agreement of Cooperation between Dublin and Mexico City (2015).[12]

Transportation[edit]

There are direct flights between Cancún International Airport and Dublin Airport with TUI Airways.

Trade[edit]

In 1997, Mexico signed a Free Trade Agreement with the European Union (which includes Ireland). Mexico was Ireland's 21st largest export market in 2007. In 2017, two-way trade between both nations amounted to $2 billion USD.[13] Ireland's main exports to Mexico include: pharmaceutical and health products such as medicines, machines and chemicals; milk based products and electronics while Mexico's main exports to Ireland include: artery and veins prosthetics, alcohol (beer), lemons, airplane parts and circuits.[13] In 2008, the Irish Government opened an Enterprise Ireland office in Mexico.[14][15] Irish multinational companies such as Kerry Group, Ryanair and Smurfit Kappa operate in Mexico. Mexican multinational company Cemex operates in Ireland.[12]

Drug trafficking[edit]

In 2013, Europol claimed that "Mexican drug cartels are targeting Ireland and mainland Europe for their cocaine and cannabis trade" and that there was "evidence of Mexican cartels using Ireland as a staging post for bringing drug shipments into Europe." [16]

In 2016, it was revealed that Irish gangland leader Christy Kinahan was working with the Sinaloa cartel to import cocaine from Peru.[17]

Resident diplomatic missions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of Juan O'Donojú (Spanish) Archived 8 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Bares Irlandeses-Irish Pub - Imágenes". taringa.net. 30 August 2008.
  3. ^ "The Irish Soldiers of Mexico". catholicculture.org.
  4. ^ "The Irish Heroes of Mexico". clifdenheritage.org.
  5. ^ a b c "History of bilateral relations between Mexico and Ireland (Spanish)" (PDF). sre.gob.mx.
  6. ^ Reuniones bilaterales del Presidente Peña Nieto en Roma México: Presidencia de la República, 2013-03-20. ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
  7. ^ President Higgins makes Official Visits to Mexico, El Salvador And Costa Rica Archived 13 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine Áras an Uachtaráin, 2013-10-18.
  8. ^ Irish President Visits Mexico, El Salvador, and Costa Rica The Costa Rica News, 2013-10-18.
  9. ^ "President Vicente Fox welcomed His Excellency Mr. Bertie Ahern, Prime Minister of Ireland". presidencia.gob.mx.
  10. ^ "President Fox Meets the Main Irish NGOs and Leaders of Opposition Parties". presidencia.gob.mx.
  11. ^ "Ahern in Mexico for two-day summit". rte.ie. 28 May 2004.
  12. ^ a b Relaciones México-Irlanda (in Spanish)
  13. ^ a b "Mexican Ministry of Economy: Ireland (in Spanish)". economia-snci.gob.mx.
  14. ^ "mexicodiplomatico.org - mexicodiplomatico Resources and Information" (PDF). www.mexicodiplomatico.org.
  15. ^ "Ireland-Mexico trade in figures (Spanish)" (PDF). economia.gob.mx.
  16. ^ "Mexican drug cartels now targeting Ireland's cocaine trade". irishcentral.com. 16 April 2013.
  17. ^ "Revealed: Kinahan gang's links to cocaine empire of feared 'El Chapo' syndicate - Independent.ie". independent.ie.
  18. ^ Embassy of Ireland in Mexico City
  19. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Dublin

External links[edit]