Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest

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Ireland
Republic of Ireland
Member stationRTÉ
National selection events
Participation summary
Appearances53 (45 finals)
First appearance1965
Best result1st: 1970, 1980, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996
External links
RTÉ page
Ireland's page at Eurovision.tv
Song contest current event.png For the most recent participation see
Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021

Ireland has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 53 times since making its debut at the 1965 contest in Naples, missing only two contests since then (1983 and 2002). The contest final is broadcast in Ireland on RTÉ One. Ireland has a record total of seven wins, and is the only country to have won three times consecutively.

Ireland's seven wins were achieved by Dana with "All Kinds of Everything" (1970), Johnny Logan with "What's Another Year" (1980) and "Hold Me Now" (1987), Linda Martin with "Why Me" (1992), Niamh Kavanagh with "In Your Eyes" (1993), Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan with "Rock 'n' Roll Kids" (1994) and Eimear Quinn with "The Voice" (1996). Johnny Logan is the only performer to have won twice and also wrote the 1992 winning entry. Ireland, who also finished second with Sean Dunphy (1967), Linda Martin (1984), Liam Reilly (1990) and Marc Roberts (1997), has a total of 18 top five results.

Since the introduction of the semifinal round in 2004, Ireland has failed to reach the final seven times, and has twice finished last in the final, in 2007 and 2013. Ireland's only top 10 result in the last 13 contests (2007–19) is Jedward's eighth-place in 2011.

History[edit]

Since its debut in 1965, Ireland has missed only two contests, in 1983 in Munich and 2002 in Tallinn. A strike at RTÉ in 1983, meant that the station lacked the resources to send a participant, so RTÉ broadcast the contest with the BBC commentary feed. Ireland was relegated in 2002. In keeping with EBU rules, RTÉ broadcast that years event as they intended to return in 2003, and a TV commentator was sent to the contest in Tallinn. Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ) is Ireland's representative broadcaster at the contest, the semi-finals are broadcast on RTÉ2 and the final on RTÉ One.[1] All of the Irish entries have been performed in English with the exception of the 1972 entry, "Ceol an Ghrá", which was sung in Irish. Ireland have hosted the contest on seven occasions, all but one of these in the capital Dublin, while the 1993 contest was staged in Millstreet, a town in north-west County Cork with a population of 1,500 people.[2]

Seán Dunphy finished second at the 1967 contest, behind Sandie Shaw, and Pat McGeegan finished fourth in 1968, before Dana gave Ireland its first victory in 1970, performing "All Kinds of Everything". The country's next best result of the 1970s was in 1977, when The Swarbriggs plus two finished third. This was followed by fifth -place finishes for both Colm C.T. Wilkinson (1978) and Cathal Dunne (1979).

Johnny Logan gave Ireland a second victory in 1980, with "What's Another Year". Girl Group Sheeba finished fifth in 1981. Logan then wrote the 1984 entry "Terminal 3", which finished second, performed by Linda Martin. In 1987, Logan became the first and (as of the present day) only performer to win the contest twice, when he won with the self-penned "Hold Me Now". Ireland's most successful decade to date in the contest is the 1990s, which began with Liam Reilly finishing joint second in 1990. Ireland then achieved an unequalled three consecutive victories in the contest. In 1992, 1984 runner-up Linda Martin returned to win with another Johnny Logan composition, "Why Me?". This was followed up by Niamh Kavanagh's victory over Sonia in 1993 with "In Your Eyes" and Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan winning in 1994 with "Rock 'n' Roll Kids". The decade saw yet another victory in 1996 when Eimear Quinn won with "The Voice". Ireland also finished second in 1997 with Marc Roberts.

In the 21st century, Ireland has fared less well, only reaching the top 10 on two occasions, with Brian Kennedy tenth in 2006 and Jedward eighth in 2011. Ireland finished last in the final for the first time in 2007, which happened again in 2013. Since the introduction of the semi-final round in 2004, Ireland has failed to reach the final eight times, in 2005, 2008, 2009, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2019. In 2018, Ireland qualified for the first time since 2013 with Ryan O'Shaughnessy and "Together".

Johnny Logan twice won Eurovision for Ireland as a solo singer -- in 1980 and 1987, and also composed the winning entry for Linda Martin in 1992.

Ireland has sent 50 entries to the Eurovision Song Contest; of these seven have won and eighteen have finished in the top five. Ireland has been relegated once: in 2001 Gary O'Shaughnessy finished twenty-first with "Without Your Love,". In addition, six Irish entries have featured in the semi-final of the Contest. In 2005, Donna & Joe finished fourteenth in the pre-qualifier, failing to qualify for the final. In 2006, Brian Kennedy finished ninth in the semi-final, ensuring an Irish presence in the Athens final. Kennedy finished tenth in the final. Ireland also featured in the first semi-final in 2008 and in the second semi-final in 2009, however the representatives failed to qualify for the final in both years.

Ireland's recent results in the Contest have been poor in comparison to the 1990s, coming last in 2007 and 2013. At the Contest in 2007, Ireland's representatives were traditional Irish music group Dervish performing "They Can't Stop The Spring". The group, having automatically qualified for the final, finished last with five points, all from Albania. In 2008, Dustin the Turkey failed to qualify for the final with his song "Irelande Douze Pointe", losing out in the semi-final on May 20. The same fate befell Sinéad Mulvey and Black Daisy in the 2009 semi-final on May 14.[3] In 2011 however, Ireland's luck changed as they sent X Factor finalists Jedward. The duo finished in eighth place, with 119 points, thus making them Ireland's most successful entry in 10 years. Their single Lipstick topped the iTunes charts in Austria, Germany, Ireland and Sweden. Jedward represented Ireland again in 2012 with their song Waterline, but after making it through the first semi-final, were only awarded 46 points, finishing in 19th place. In 2019 Sarah McTernan finished last in the second semi final with the song 22. Since her song received fewer points than the last place finisher of the first semi final, her song came in last place over all, making it the worst Eurovision performance for Ireland to date.

Seven singers have represented Ireland more than once at the Contest: Johnny Logan (1980, 1987), Linda Martin (1984, 1992), Niamh Kavanagh (1993, 2010), Tommy and Jimmy Swarbrigg (as "The Swarbriggs" in 1975 and part of "The Swarbriggs Plus Two" in 1977), Maxi (as a soloist in 1973 and as part of Sheeba in 1981) and Jedward in 2011 and 2012.

Eight people have written and composed more than one Irish entry: Brendan Graham (1976, 1985, 1994, 1996), Johnny Logan (1984, 1987, 1992), Tommy and Jimmy Swarbrigg (1975, 1977), Liam Reilly (1990, 1991), Joe Burkett (composer 1972, lyricist 1981), and Niall Mooney & Jonas Gladnikoff (2009, 2010).[4]

In the years when the live orchestra was present in the contest, almost all of Ireland's Eurovision entries were conducted by Noel Kelehan. The exceptions were 1965 (Italian host conductor Gianni Ferrio), 1970 (Dutch host conductor Dolf van der Linden), from 1972 to 1975 (Colman Pearce), 1979 (Proinnsias Ó Duinn), 1994 (no conductor, although Kelehan conducted three other entries from Romania, Greece and Poland) and in 1997 (Frank McNamara was the musical director for the contest staged in Dublin, but the Irish entry was played with a backing track with no orchestra).

Ronan Keating (who also presented the 1997 contest) had collaborated on the 2009 entry for Denmark.[5]

RTÉ presenter Marty Whelan has been the national commentator since 2000.[6]

Records[edit]

Ireland holds the record for the greatest number of victories: seven wins including three consecutive wins. The country has also achieved second place four times and third once.

Ireland is one of the few countries to have achieved consecutive wins (along with Spain, Luxembourg and Israel) and the only country to win consecutively three times, and the nation won again in 1996, meaning four victories were achieved in five years.

Ireland is the only country to host the Contest consecutively and is one of eight countries never to turn down the chance to host the Eurovision Song Contest.

Out of 52 appearances and 45 finals, Ireland has reached the top ten 31 times and the top five 18 times. As of 2019, Ireland has not reached the top five since 1997.

Ireland holds the record for most points from one country in a year (alongside France) in the 'one point per juror' voting system, achieving nine votes out of a possible ten from Belgium (in 1970). France had achieved this same feat in 1958.

Ireland has an average of 74 points per contest, the highest average, two points above the United Kingdom.

During the first semi-final of the 2014 contest, it was revealed that the duo, Jedward, hold two Eurovision records: the highest hair (18.9 cm) and the biggest shoulder pads.

Contestants[edit]

Table key
1
Winner
2
Second place
3
Third place
Last place
X
Entry selected but did not compete
Year Artist Language Title Final Points Semi Points
Butch Moore English "Walking the Streets in the Rain" 6 11 No semi-finals
Dickie Rock English "Come Back to Stay" 4 14
Sean Dunphy English "If I Could Choose" 2 22
Pat McGeegan English "Chance of a Lifetime" 4 18
Muriel Day English "The Wages of Love" 7 10
Dana English "All Kinds of Everything" 1 32
Angela Farrell English "One Day Love" 11 79
Sandie Jones Irish "Ceol an Ghrá" 15 72
Maxi English "Do I Dream" 10 80
Tina Reynolds English "Cross Your Heart" 7 11
The Swarbriggs English "That's What Friends Are For" 9 68
Red Hurley English "When" 10 54
The Swarbriggs Plus Two English "It's Nice To Be In Love Again" 3 119
Colm C.T. Wilkinson English "Born to Sing" 5 86
Cathal Dunne English "Happy Man" 5 80
Johnny Logan English "What's Another Year?" 1 143
Sheeba English "Horoscopes" 5 105
The Duskeys English "Here Today Gone Tomorrow" 11 49
Linda Martin English "Terminal 3" 2 137
Maria Christian English "Wait Until the Weekend Comes" 6 91
Luv Bug English "You Can Count On Me" 4 96
Johnny Logan English "Hold Me Now" 1 172
Jump the Gun English "Take Him Home" 8 79
Kiev Connolly & The Missing Passengers English "The Real Me" 18 21
Liam Reilly English "Somewhere in Europe" 2 132
Kim Jackson English "Could It Be That I'm In Love" 10 47
Linda Martin English "Why Me?" 1 155
Niamh Kavanagh English "In Your Eyes" 1 187 Kvalifikacija za Millstreet
Paul Harrington & Charlie McGettigan English "Rock 'n' Roll Kids" 1 226 No semi-finals
Eddie Friel English "Dreamin'" 14 44
Eimear Quinn English "The Voice" 1 162 2 198
Marc Roberts English "Mysterious Woman" 2 157 No semi-finals
Dawn Martin English "Is Always Over Now?" 9 64
The Mullans English "When You Need Me" 17 18
Eamonn Toal English "Millennium of Love" 6 92
Gary O'Shaughnessy English "Without Your Love" 21 6
Mickey Harte English "We've Got the World" 11 53
Chris Doran English "If My World Stopped Turning" 22 7 Top 11 previous year[a]
Donna and Joe English "Love?" Failed to qualify 14 53
Brian Kennedy English "Every Song Is a Cry for Love" 10 93 9 79
Dervish English "They Can't Stop the Spring" 24 ◁ 5 Top 10 previous year[a]
Dustin the Turkey English "Irelande Douze Pointe" Failed to qualify 15 22
Sinéad Mulvey & Black Daisy English "Et Cetera" 11 52
Niamh Kavanagh English "It's for You" 23 25 9 67
Jedward English "Lipstick" 8 119 8 68
Jedward English "Waterline" 19 46 6 92
Ryan Dolan English "Only Love Survives" 26 ◁ 5 8 54
Can-Linn feat. Kasey Smith English "Heartbeat" Failed to qualify 12 35
Molly Sterling English "Playing with Numbers" 12 35
Nicky Byrne English "Sunlight" 15 46
Brendan Murray English "Dying to Try" 13 86
Ryan O'Shaughnessy English "Together" 16 136 6 179
Sarah McTernan English "22" Failed to qualify 18 ◁ 16
Lesley Roy English "Story of My Life" Contest cancelled[b] X

Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest[edit]

Ireland was one of two countries to have two entries entered into Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest, with the 1980 entry "What's Another Year?" and the 1987 "Hold Me Now". Co-host of the 1997 contest Ronan Keating appeared. Johnny Logan performed his single "When a Woman Loved a Man". Irish winners Eimear Quinn, Charlie McGettigan and Linda Martin performed as backing singers to most of the songs with Jakob Sveistrup who represented Denmark in 2005. Marty Whelan provided commentary of the contest for Ireland on RTÉ.

Artist Language Title At Congratulations At Eurovision
Final Points Semi Points Year Place Points
Johnny Logan English "What's Another Year?" Failed to qualify 12 74 1980 1 143
Johnny Logan English "Hold Me Now" 3 262 3 182 1987 1 172

Hostings[edit]

Ireland is the only country to have hosted multiple contests in succession; three in a row between 1993 and 1995. Six of the seven Contests held in Ireland have been held in Dublin; three at the Point Theatre, two at the RDS and one at the Gaiety Theatre. In addition, the 1993 Contest was held in Millstreet, County Cork. During the 1994 contest, the dancing group Riverdance made their debut as an interval act.

Year Location Venue Presenters Photo
1971 Dublin Gaiety Theatre Bernadette Ní Ghallchóir
1981 Dublin RDS Simmonscourt Doireann Ní Bhriain
1988 Dublin RDS Simmonscourt Michelle Rocca and Pat Kenny
1993 Millstreet Green Glens Arena Fionnuala Sweeney
1994 Dublin Point Theatre Cynthia Ní Mhurchú and Gerry Ryan
1995 Dublin Point Theatre Mary Kennedy
1997 Dublin Point Theatre Carrie Crowley and Ronan Keating

Awards[edit]

Marcel Bezençon Awards[edit]

Year Category Performer Song Final Points Host city Ref.
2011 Artistic Award[c] Jedward "Lipstick" 8 119 Germany Düsseldorf

Related involvement[edit]

Commentators and spokespersons[edit]

Over the years RTÉ commentary has been provided by several experienced radio and television presenters, including Larry Gogan, Jimmy Greeley, Gay Byrne, Ronan Collins, Pat Kenny and Mike Murphy. However Marty Whelan has provided the RTÉ Television commentary since 2000 although Whelan himself had previously commentated for the 1987 event. Ireland did not participate in the 1983 edition in Germany, nor did they send a commentator to Munich that year, but instead broadcast the BBC feed of the contest with Terry Wogan as commentator, who welcomed viewers in Ireland during his introduction. RTÉ Radio, however, did provide commentary by Brendan Balfe.

Year Television commentator Radio commentator Spokesperson Ref.
1965 Bunny Carr Kevin Roche Frank Hall
1966 Brendan O'Reilly
1967 Gay Byrne
1968
1969 Gay Byrne John Skehan
1970 Valerie McGovern
1971 Noel Andrews No spokesperson
1972 Mike Murphy Kevin Roche and Liam Devally
1973 Liam Devally
1974 Brendan Balfe
1975
1976
1977
1978 Larry Gogan John Skehan
1979 Mike Murphy David Heffernan
1980 Larry Gogan Pat Kenny
1981 John Skehan
1982
1983 Terry Wogan (via BBC) Brendan Balfe Did not participate
1984 Gay Byrne Larry Gogan John Skehan
1985 Linda Martin
1986 Brendan Balfe
1987 Marty Whelan
1988 Mike Murphy
1989 Ronan Collins and Michelle Rocca Eileen Dunne
1990 Jimmy Greeley and Clíona Ní Bhuachalla
1991 Pat Kenny
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999 Clare McNamara
2000 Marty Whelan Derek Mooney
2001 Bláthnaid Ní Chofaigh
2002 No radio commentary Did not participate
2003 Marty Whelan and Phil Coulter Pamela Flood
2004 Marty Whelan Johnny Logan
2005 Dana
2006 Eimear Quinn
2007 Linda Martin
2008 Larry Gogan Niamh Kavanagh
2009 Maxi Derek Mooney
2010
2011 Shay Byrne and Zbyszek Zalinski
2012 Gráinne Seoige
2013 Nicky Byrne
2014
2015
2016 Neil Doherty and Zbyszek Zalinski Sinéad Kennedy
2017 Nicky Byrne
2018
2019 Sinéad Kennedy

Photogallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b According to the then-Eurovision rules, the top ten non-Big Four countries from the previous year along with the Big Four automatically qualified for the Grand Final without having to compete in semi-finals. For example, if Germany and France placed inside the top ten, the 11th and 12th spots were advanced to next year's Grand Final along with all countries ranked in the top ten.
  2. ^ The 2020 contest was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  3. ^ Voted by commentators.

References[edit]

  1. ^ RTÉ:Eurovision. RTÉ.ie. Retrieved on 5 September 2007.
  2. ^ Millstreet. Cork-Guide.ie. Retrieved on 5 September 2007.
  3. ^ "Ireland dumped out of Eurovision". BBC. 2009-05-15. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  4. ^ Diggiloo Thrush - Ireland
  5. ^ #2 BBC
  6. ^ "Marty and the 'cool' Irish". Irish Independent. 2006-05-23. Retrieved 2008-11-22.
  7. ^ "Winners of the Marcel Bezençon Awards". eurovision.tv. 16 May 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2019.

External links[edit]