Irene Cara Escalera
March 18, 1959
The Bronx, New York, U.S.
|Known for||Sparkle Williams – Sparkle |
Coco Hernandez – Fame
(m. 1986; div. 1991)
Irene Cara Escalera (born March 18, 1959)[note 1] known professionally as Irene Cara, is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, and actress. Cara sang and co-wrote the song "Flashdance... What a Feeling" (from the film Flashdance), for which she won an Academy Award for Best Original Song and a Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance in 1984. Cara is also known for playing the role of Coco Hernandez in the 1980 film Fame, and for recording the film's title song "Fame". Prior to her success with Fame, Cara portrayed the title character Sparkle Williams in the original 1976 musical drama film Sparkle.
Cara was born in The Bronx, New York City, the youngest of five children. Her father, Gaspar Escalera, a factory worker and retired saxophonist, was Puerto Rican, and her mother, Louise, a movie theater usher, was Cuban-American. Cara has two sisters and two brothers. At the age of three, Irene Cara was one of five finalists for the "Little Miss America" pageant. She began to play the piano by ear, then studied music, acting, and dance seriously, first having dance lessons, aged five. Her performing career started on Spanish-language television, professionally singing and dancing. She made early TV appearances on The Original Amateur Hour (singing in Spanish) and Johnny Carson's The Tonight Show. In 1971–1972, she was a regular on PBS's educational program The Electric Company, as a member of the show's band, The Short Circus. As a child, Cara recorded a Latin-market Spanish-language record and an English Christmas album. She appeared in a major concert tribute to Duke Ellington that featured Stevie Wonder, Sammy Davis Jr., and Roberta Flack.
Cara appeared in on-and off-Broadway theatrical shows including the musicals Ain't Misbehavin', The Me Nobody Knows (which won an Obie Award), Maggie Flynn opposite Shirley Jones and Jack Cassidy, and Via Galactica with Raúl Juliá. Cara was the original Daisy Allen on the 1970s daytime serial Love of Life. Next came her role as Angela in romance/thriller Aaron Loves Angela, followed by her portrayal of the title character in Sparkle. Television brought Cara international acclaim for serious dramatic roles in two outstanding mini-series, Roots: The Next Generations and Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones. John Willis' Screen World, Vol. 28, named her one of twelve "Promising New Actors of 1976"; that same year, a readers' poll in Right On! magazine named her Top Actress. Cara graduated from the Professional Children's School in Manhattan.
Fame (1980) and international acclaim
The 1980 hit movie Fame, directed by Alan Parker, catapulted Irene Cara to stardom. Cara was originally cast as a dancer, but when producers David Da Silva and Alan Marshall and screenwriter Christopher Gore heard her voice, they re-wrote the role of Coco Hernandez. As Coco Hernandez, she sang both the title song "Fame" and the film's other single, "Out Here on My Own." These songs helped make the film's soundtrack a chart-topping, multi-platinum album. Further history was made at the Academy Awards that year: it was the first time two songs from the same film were nominated in the same category and both sung by the same artist. Thus, Cara had the opportunity to be one of the few singers to perform more than one song at the Oscar ceremony; "Fame," written by Michael Gore and Dean Pitchford, won the award that year. Cara earned Grammy nominations in 1980 for Best New Artist and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, as well as a Golden Globe nomination for Best Motion Picture Actress in a Musical. Billboard named her Top New Single Artist, while Cashbox Magazine awarded her both Most Promising Female Vocalist and Top Female Vocalist. Asked by Fame TV series' producers to reprise her role as Coco Hernandez, she declined so as to focus her attention on her recording career. As a result, Erica Gimpel assumed the role.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2020)
Cara was slated to star in her own sitcom, Irene, on NBC in 1981. Even though the pilot aired and received favorable reviews, the network did not pick it up for its fall season. It also starred veteran performers Kaye Ballard and Teddy Wilson, as well as newcomers Julia Duffy and Keenen Ivory Wayans. In 1983, Cara appeared as herself in the film D.C. Cab, which is a film about a group of cabbies. The movie stars Mr. T. One of the characters, Tyrone, played by Charlie Barnett, is an obsessed Cara fan who decorated his Checker Cab as a shrine to her. Her contribution to the film's soundtrack, "The Dream (Hold on To Your Dream)" played over the closing credits of the film, and was a minor hit, peaking at No. 37 on the Billboard Hot 100 in February 1984.
In 1982, Cara earned the Image Award for Best Actress when she co-starred with Diahann Carroll and Rosalind Cash in the NBC Movie of the Week, Maya Angelou's Sister, Sister. Cara portrayed Myrlie Evers-Williams in the PBS TV movie about civil rights leader Medgar Evers, For Us the Living: The Medgar Evers Story; and earned an NAACP Image Award Best Actress nomination. She also appeared in 1982's Killing 'em Softly. In addition to her music and film work, Cara also continued to perform in live theater during this period. In the summer of 1980, she briefly played the role of Dorothy in The Wiz on tour, in a role that Stephanie Mills had first portrayed in the original Broadway production. Coincidentally, Cara and Mills had shared the stage together as children in the original 1968 Broadway musical Maggie Flynn, starring Shirley Jones and Jack Cassidy, in which both young girls played Civil War orphans.
In 1983, Cara reached the peak of her music career with the title song for the movie Flashdance: "Flashdance... What A Feeling", which she co-wrote with Giorgio Moroder and Keith Forsey. Cara penned the lyrics to the song with Keith Forsey while riding in a car in New York heading to the studio to record it; Moroder composed the music. Cara admitted later that she was initially reluctant to work with Giorgio Moroder because she had no wish to invite further comparisons with another artist who worked with Moroder, Donna Summer. But the collaboration paid off and became a hit in several countries, garnering numerous accolades for Cara. She won the 1983 Academy Award for Best Song (Oscar), 1984 Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, 1984 Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song, and American Music Awards for Best R&B Female Artist and Best Pop Single of the Year. Cara's Oscar win made her the first hispanic-black woman to win an Oscar in a category other than an acting category, as well as only the second to be nominated outside of an acting category. "Flashdance..." was re-recorded by Cara twice: in 1997 as a track in the original soundtrack for the British film The Full Monty; the second time in 2002, as a duet with Swiss artist DJ BoBo.
In 1984, she was in the comedic thriller City Heat, co-starring opposite Clint Eastwood and Burt Reynolds and singing the standards "Embraceable You" and "Get Happy." She also co-wrote the theme song "City Heat", which was sung by the jazz vocalist Joe Williams. In May of that year, she scored her final Top 40 hit with "Breakdance" going to No. 8. The follow up, "You Were Made for Me" reached No. 78 that summer but then she never charted on the Hot 100 again. In 1985, Cara co-starred with Tatum O'Neal in Certain Fury, an exploitation underachiever about two troubled young women who flee a court hearing and are mistaken for killers. In 1986, Cara appeared in the film Busted Up. She also provided the voice of Snow White in the unofficial sequel to Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Filmation's Happily Ever After, in 1993. That same year, she appeared as Mary Magdalene in a tour of Jesus Christ Superstar opposite Ted Neeley, Carl Anderson and Dennis DeYoung.
Along with her career in acting and hit singles, Cara released several albums: Anyone Can See in 1982, What a Feelin' in 1983, and Carasmatic in 1987, the most successful of these being What a Feelin. In 1985, she collaborated with the Hispanic charity supergroup Hermanos in the song "Cantaré, cantarás," in which she sang a solo segment with the Spanish opera singer Plácido Domingo.
Cara toured Europe and Asia throughout the 1990s, achieving several modest dance hits on European charts, but no US chart hits. She released a compilation of Eurodance singles in the mid to late 1990s entitled Precarious 90's.
In March 2004, Cara received two honors with an induction into the Ciboney Cafe's Hall of Fame and a Lifetime Achievement Award presented at the sixth annual Prestige Awards. In June 2005, Cara won the third round of the NBC television series Hit Me, Baby, One More Time, performing "Flashdance (What a Feeling)" and covered Anastacia's song "I'm Outta Love" with her current all-female band, Hot Caramel. At the 2006 AFL Grand Final in Melbourne, Cara performed "Flashdance (What a Feeling)" as an opener to the pre-match entertainment.
In 2006, Cara contributed a dance single, titled "Forever My Love", to the compilation album titled Gay Happening Vol. 12.
As of 2016[update], Cara had residences in both New Port Richey, Florida and Santa Fe, New Mexico. She works with her band Hot Caramel, which she formed in 1999. Their album called Irene Cara Presents Hot Caramel was released on April 4, 2011. Cara appeared in season 2 of CMT's reality show Gone Country,.
|Year||Album||Peak chart positions||Record label|
|1982||Anyone Can See||76||39||—||—||48||Network|
|1983||What a Feelin'||77||45||49||83||—||Network/Geffen|
|2011||Irene Cara Presents Hot Caramel||—||—||—||—||—||CPM|
|"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.|
|Year||Single||Peak chart positions||Certifications||Album|
|"Hot Lunch Jam"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Out Here on My Own"||19||—||—||20||41||—||—||—||—||58|
|1982||"Anyone Can See"||42||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Anyone Can See|
|"My Baby (He's Something Else)"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1983||"Flashdance... What a Feeling"||1||2||1||4||1||1||2||17||1||2||Flashdance / What a Feelin'|
|"Why Me?"||13||41||7||—||5||23||—||—||24||86||What a Feelin'|
|"The Dream (Hold On to Your Dream)"||37||65||26||—||84||—||—||—||—||—||D.C. Cab / What a Feelin'|
|1984||"Breakdance"||8||23||13||—||19||10||—||—||25||88||What a Feelin'|
|"You Were Made for Me"||78||83||—||10||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|2001||"What a Feeling" (with DJ BoBo)||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Planet Colors|
|2004||"Downtown"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Downtown: A Street Tale|
|"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.|
|1971||The Me Nobody Knows||"Black"|
|1980||Fame||"Fame", "Out Here on My Own", "Hot Lunch Jam", "I Sing the Body Electric"|
|1982||Killing 'em Softly||"City Nights"|
|1983||Flashdance||"Flashdance... What a Feeling"|
|1983||D.C. Cab||"The Dream (Hold On To Your Dream)"|
|1984||Going Bananas||"Going Bananas" (TV series theme song)|
|1984||City Heat||"Embraceable You", "Get Happy"|
|1985||Certain Fury||"Certain Fury"|
|1986||Busted Up||"Busted Up", "Dying For Your Love", "I Can't Help Feeling Empty", "She Works Hard For Her Money"|
|1986||The Longshot||"The Long Shot"|
|1989||All Dogs Go to Heaven||"Love Survives" (with Freddie Jackson)|
|1990||Happily Ever After||"Love is the Reason"|
|1990||Caged in Paradiso||"Paradiso"|
|1990||China Cry||"No One But You"|
|1992||The Magic Voyage||"We'll Always Be Together"|
|1997||The Full Monty||"Flashdance... What a Feeling" (re-recording)|
|2004||Downtown: A Street Tale||"Downtown"|
Vocal appearances on other albums
- 1986: The Brecker Brothers – Détente (background)
- 1987: Jimmy Maelen – Beats Workin'
- 1992: Stanley Turrentine – Home Again
- 2001: DJ BoBo – Planet Colors
- 2002: DJ BoBo – Celebration
- 1968: Maggie Flynn
- 1970: The Me Nobody Knows
- 1972: Via Galactica
- 1978: Ain't Misbehavin' (replaced by Charlayne Woodard during previews)
- 1979: Got Tu Go Disco
- 1980: The Wiz
- 1993: Jesus Christ Superstar
- 1996: What a Feeling!: The Rock & Pop Musicals in Concert
|1970–71||Love of Life||Daisy Allen||Daytime drama|
|1971–72||The Electric Company||Iris||Band member of the Short Circus|
|1976||Kojak||Amy||Episode: "A Hair-Trigger Away"|
|1977||What's Happening!!||Maria||Episode: "Rerun Gets Married"|
|1979||Roots: The Next Generations||Bertha Palmer Haley||Miniseries (3 episodes)|
|1980||Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones||Alice Jefferson||Movie|
|1981||Irene||Irene Cannon||Sitcom pilot|
|1983||For Us the Living: The Medgar Evers Story||Myrlie Evers||American Playhouse movie|
|1988||Bustin' Loose||Herself||Episode: "What's a Nice Girl Like You...?"|
|1991||Gabriel's Fire||Celine Bird||Episode: "Birds Gotta Fly"|
|1992||Hearts Are Wild||Dorah||Episode 1.8|
|1975||Aaron Loves Angela||Angela|
|1982||Killing 'em Softly||Jane|
|1982||Sister, Sister||Sissy Lovejoy|
|1984||City Heat||Ginny Lee|
|1986||Busted Up||Simone Bird|
|1990||Caged in Paradiso||Eva|
|1989||Happily Ever After||Snow White||Voice role|
|1992||Beauty and the Beast||Beauty||Voice role|
|1992||The Magic Voyage||Marilyn||Voice role|
|1994||The Jungle King||Leonette||Voice role; direct-to-video|
|1995||Beyond Awareness to Action: Ending Abuse of Women||Herself/host||Documentary short|
|2004||Downtown: A Street Tale||Neighbor||Cameo|
Awards and nominations
|1980||Golden Globe Awards||Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical||Fame||Nominated|
|1983||Best Original Song||"Flashdance... What a Feeling" (shared with Giorgio Moroder and Keith Forsey)||Won|
|Academy Awards||Best Original Song||"Flashdance... What a Feeling" (shared with Giorgio Moroder and Keith Forsey)||Won|
|1984||Grammy Awards||Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or A Television Special||Flashdance: Original Soundtrack
(shared with other songwriters)
|Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance||"Flashdance... What a Feeling"||Won|
- List of Puerto Ricans
- List of number-one hits (United States)
- List of artists who reached number one on the Hot 100 (U.S.)
- List of number-one dance hits (United States)
- List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. dance chart
- Cara's year of birth is disputed. The majority of sources claim 1959, one claims 1962 and Cara herself implied she was born in 1961 by claiming she turned 59 years old via a 2020 tweet, despite stating she was 24 in a 1983 interview with Dick Clark, which would have indicated 1959 as her year of birth. As of May 22, 2021[update], a year after her tweet, her Twitter profile says that she was born a year later in 1962.
- Dick Clark Interviews Irene Cara, American Bandstand, 1983.Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "Irene Cara:A Show Biz Veteran at Age 22". Ebony. Johnson Publishing Company. XXXVI (9): 88. July 1981. ISSN 0012-9011.
- Latino American Cinema: An Encyclopedia of Movies, Stars, Concepts, and Trends, By Scott L. Baugh (Irene Cara 1959-).Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- Bob McCann, Encyclopedia of Hispanic American Actresses in Film and Television, McFarland & Company, 2010, ISBN 978-0-7864-3790-0, p. 67.
- Your Birthday, Your Card, By Robert Lee Camp (Irene Cara 3/18/1959).Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- Stange, Ellen Silver (March 10, 2016). New York State of Fame. Page Publishing Inc. ISBN 9781682890264 – via Google Books.
- Hellmann, Paul T. (2009). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- Sheff, David (November 10, 1980). "After 16 Years in Showbiz, Irene Cara, 21, Gets Her Diploma in Movies with Fame". People. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
- Hip Hop around the World: An Encyclopedia (2 volumes), edited by Melissa Ursula Dawn Goldsmith, Anthony J. Fonseca.Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "@Irene_Cara: Many thanks for the birthday wishes. Despite all the incorrect info on Wikipedia ( there is no T anywhere in my name and I'm 59 today) I wish you all to be safe and healthy. God Bless !". Twitter. March 18, 2020.
- "Irene Cara". Twitter. March 18, 2020.
- "The 56th Academy Awards | 1984". Oscars.org | Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
- "Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance – Grammys Best Female Pop Vocal Performance". Awardsandshows.com.
- Irene Cara singing "Ola Ola Ola" on Ted Mack's "Amateur Hour"
- "Irene Cara Bio" (PDF). p. 2. Retrieved March 30, 2021.
- "Chart History Irene Cara". Retrieved March 30, 2021.
- "NewsBank InfoWeb". Infoweb.newsbank.com.
- Gibson, Jano (September 30, 2006). "Last ditch bid for tickets". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
- "Ready for an Encore". People. July 9, 2001. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
- "Oscar-winning singer-actress Irene Cara married veteran stuntman Conrad Palmisano". United Press International. April 14, 1986. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- McCann, Bob (December 8, 2009). Encyclopedia of African American Actresses in Film and television. McFarland. p. 68. ISBN 9780786458042. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- "US Charts > Irene Cara". Billboard. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
- David Kent (1993). Australian Charts Book 1970—1992. Australian Chart Book Pty Ltd, St. Ives, N.S.W. p. 54. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "CAN Charts > Irene Cara". RPM. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
- "NLD Charts > Irene Cara". MegaCharts. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
- "IRE Charts Search > Irene Cara". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
- "NZ Charts > Irene Cara". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
- "UK Charts > Irene Cara". Official Charts Company. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
- "Canadian certifications – Irene Cara". Music Canada. Retrieved January 6, 2022.
- "British certifications – Irene Cara". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved January 6, 2022. Type Irene Cara in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "Dutch certifications – Irene Cara" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved January 6, 2022. Enter Irene Cara in the "Artiest of titel" box.
- "American certifications – Irene Cara". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved January 6, 2022.