Irene Gammel

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Irene Gammel
Irene Gammel.jpg
CitizenshipCanadian and German[citation needed]
Known for- Modernism
- Avantgarde
- Dada
- Canadian Women’s Heritage
Scientific career
FieldsModern Literature and Culture
InstitutionsUniversity of Prince Edward Island
Toronto Metropolitan University

Irene Gammel is a Canadian literary historian, biographer, and curator. She has published numerous books including Baroness Elsa, a groundbreaking cultural biography of New York Dada artist and poet Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven, and Looking for Anne of Green Gables, revealing the hidden life of Canadian author L.M. Montgomery during the writing of her classic novel Anne of Green Gables.[1] Together with Suzanne Zelazo, Gammel published Crystal Flowers: Poems and a Libretto by Florine Stettheimer, and Body Sweats: The Uncensored Writings of Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven, the first major English collection of the Baroness's poems. Both books were selected for the New York Times’ notable art books for 2011.[2]

Gammel teaches at Toronto Metropolitan University in Toronto. She holds the Canada Research Chair in Modern Literature and Culture[3] and is the Director of the Modern Literature and Culture Research Centre.

Gammel holds a PhD (1992) and MA (1987) in English from McMaster University, and a Staatsexamen's degree from the Universität des Saarlandes in Germany. She taught at the University of Prince Edward Island and held Visiting Professorships at the Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena and Erfurt Universität in Germany. She also served as the President of the Canadian Comparative Literature Association. In 2009, she was elected a member of the Royal Society of Canada.


  • Irene Gammel curated Anne of Green Gables: A Literary Icon at 100, a cross-Canada centennial exhibition in 2008. With June Creelman, she curated Reflecting on Anne of Green Gables, Souvenirs d’Anne… La maison aux pignons verts at the Library and Archives Canada.


Biography / Non-fiction[edit]


  • Sexualizing Power in Naturalism: Theodore Dreiser and Frederick Philip Grove. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1994.

Edited books[edit]

  • Body Sweats: The Uncensored Writings of Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2011 (jointly with Suzanne Zelazo).[2]
  • Crystal Flowers: Poetry and a Libretto by Florine Stettheimer. Toronto: BookThug, 2010 (jointly with Suzanne Zelazo).[4]
  • Anne’s World: A New Century of Anne of Green Gables. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010 (jointly with Benjamin Lefebvre).
  • I Got Lusting Palate: Dada Verse by Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven. Berlin: edition ebersbach, 2005.
  • The Intimate Life of L.M. Montgomery. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.
  • Making Avonlea: L.M. Montgomery and Popular Culture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.
  • Confessional Politics: Women's Sexual Self-Representations in Lifewriting and Popular Media. Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press, 1999.
  • L.M. Montgomery and Canadian Culture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999 (jointly with Elizabeth Epperly).

Honors and awards[edit]


  1. ^ Bolick, Kate (2008-08-14). "Irene Gammel's 'Looking For Anne of Green Gables'". New York Times. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b Smith, Roberta (2011-11-21). "For Art Lovers, Volumes Meant to Awe and Inspire". New York Times. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Canada Research Chair in Modern Literature and Culture". Canada Research Chairs. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  4. ^ Bloemink, Barbara (2017-07-06). "Imagine the Fun Florine Stettheimer Would Have with Donald Trump: The Artist as Feminist, Democrat, and Chronicler of Her Time". ARTnews. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Dr. Irene Gammel". MLC Research Centre & Gallery. Ryerson University. Retrieved 11 May 2020.