Iringa

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Iringa

LILINGA

Iringa Town
Hilltop view of Iringa
Hilltop view of Iringa
Nickname(s): 
STONE TOWN
Iringa is located in Tanzania
Iringa
Iringa
Location in Tanzania
Coordinates: 7°46′S 35°42′E / 7.767°S 35.700°E / -7.767; 35.700
Country Tanzania
RegionIringa
DistrictIringa Urban
Government
 • Typedemocratic
 • [(Member of Parliament)][(mchungaji Msigwa)]
 • [(Region commissioner)][(Ally Hapi)]
 • [(District commissioner)][(Richard kasesela)]
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,211,900
Time zoneUTC+3 (East Africa Time)
ClimateCwb

Iringa is a city in Tanzania with a population of 1,211,900 (as of 2020). It is situated at a latitude of 7.77°S and longitude of 35.69°E. The name is derived from the Hehe word lilinga, meaning fort.[1] Iringa is the administrative capital of Iringa Region. Iringa Municipal Council is the administrative designation of the Municipality of Iringa. Iringa has been one of the coldest regions in Tanzania due to its geographical location but that has attracted a lot of tourists from colder regions abroad especially Western Europe. Iringa also hosts one of Africa’s largest national parks the Ruaha National Park.

Geography[edit]

The town stretches along a hilltop overlooking the Little Ruaha River to the south, and spreads along ridges and valleys to the north. Iringa is in the Udzungwa Mountains, and the altitude of the town's environs is more than 1,550 metres (5,090 ft) above sea level. The months of June, July, and August can see low temperatures near freezing. The Tanzam Highway passes through the valley below the town; the highway distance from Iringa's limits to Dar es Salaam is 502 kilometers (312 mi), via Morogoro.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Iringa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(76)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(74)
23
(74)
25
(77)
27
(81)
28
(82)
26
(79)
25
(77)
Average low °C (°F) 15
(59)
14
(58)
14
(58)
15
(59)
14
(57)
12
(53)
12
(53)
12
(53)
12
(54)
13
(56)
14
(58)
15
(59)
13
(56)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 180
(6.9)
130
(5)
170
(6.8)
89
(3.5)
13
(0.5)
2.5
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.5
(0.1)
5.1
(0.2)
38
(1.5)
120
(4.7)
740
(29.2)
Source: Weatherbase [2]

History[edit]

The Isimila Stone Age site, which lies about 20 km (12 mi) to the southwest, contains archeological artifacts, particularly stone tools, from human habitation about 70,000 years ago.[3]

Iringa Region is home to the Hehe people. After their stunning defeat at Lugalo by the Hehe, led by Chief Mkwawa, the Germans built a military station at 'Neu Iringa' to avenge the death of their commander Emil Von Zelewski and to teach the Hehe respect for German authority. The fortress and headquarters of Chief Mkwawa was in the nearby village of Kalenga, Alt Iringa.

Education[edit]

Iringa has several institutions of higher education, including Tumaini University, Iringa University College, Mkwawa University College of Education (a constituent college of the University of Dar es Salaam), and Ruaha Catholic University (RUCU)). Old and famous secondary Schools like Tosamaganga High School, Malangali high school, Iringa girls secondary school, Ifunda technical school and Ruaha Secondary School.

Economy[edit]

Iringa has a well-established industrial base, including food processing and logistics industries. Most of its electricity comes from the nearby Mtera Dam. Iringa is a minor transport hub for regular bus travelers. It is a center for trucking services to Dar es Salaam, Mbeya, Songea, and Dodoma and other regions of Tanzania. It is also a servicing town for trucks going to neighboring countries such as Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Burundi and other EAC countries.

Crafts[edit]

Iringa is famous for its woven baskets, made from local reeds. The baskets are used across Tanzania and exported internationally.[4] The city is also known for the award-winning Neema Crafts Centre.

Media[edit]

Iringa Commonwealth War Cemetery

Iringa municipality has seven FM radio stations: Trap Gang Radio, Ebony FM, Country FM and Nuru FM (youth entertainment and commercial radios), Overcomers Radio and Radio Furaha (Christian stations), Kibra Ten Radio (a Muslim station). There are other radio stations elsewhere in Iringa region, such as Kitulo community radio in Makete and another FM radio station in Njombe.[5]

Iringa has one TV station: Municipal Television, a multi-age TV station with diversified programmes.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Africa, Nomad. "Iringa". nomadtours. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Iringa, Tanzania". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on 24 May 2013
  3. ^ Howell, F. Clark (1961). "Isimila: A Paleolithic Site in Africa". Scientific American. 205 (4): 118–131. Bibcode:1961SciAm.205d.118H. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1061-118. ISSN 0036-8733. JSTOR 24937108.
  4. ^ "CSDI TANZANIA". csditz.org. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  5. ^ "Radio". tcra.go.tz. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  6. ^ Tanzania, MISA. "Media directory". MISA Tanzania. Retrieved 2019-10-29.

Coordinates: 7°46′S 35°41′E / 7.77°S 35.69°E / -7.77; 35.69