Iringa

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This article is about the city. For the region of Tanzania, see Iringa Region. For the municipal administrative district, see Iringa Urban. For the rural administrative district, see Iringa Rural.
Iringa
Hilltop view of Iringa
Hilltop view of Iringa
Iringa is located in Tanzania
Iringa
Iringa
Location in Tanzania
Coordinates: 7°46′S 35°42′E / 7.767°S 35.700°E / -7.767; 35.700
Country  Tanzania
Region Iringa Region
District Iringa Urban
Government
 • Type democratic
Population (2012)
 • Total 151,345
Time zone East Africa Time (UTC+3)
Climate Cwb

Iringa is a city in Tanzania with a population of 112,900 (as of 2004). It is situated at a latitude of 7.77°S and longitude of 35.69°E. The name is derived from the Hehe word lilinga, meaning fort.[1]

Iringa is the administrative capital of Iringa Region. It has many established industries, including manufacturing and food processing. Most of its electricity comes from the nearby Mtera Dam. Iringa is a minor transport hub, with regular bus service and trucking to Dar es Salaam, Mbeya, Songea, and Dodoma.

History[edit]

After their stunning defeat at Lugalo by the Hehe who were led by Chief Mkwawa, the Germans built a military station in at ' Neu Iringa' order to revenge the death of their commander Emil Von Zelewski and to teach the Hehe respect for German authority. The fortress and headquarters of Chief Mkwawa was situated in the nearby village of Kalenga, Alt Iringa. The town stretches along a hilltop overlooking the Ruaha River to the south, and spreads along ridges and valleys to the north. The altitude of the town's environs is more than 1,550 metres (5,090 ft) above sea level. The months of June, July, and August can see low temperatures near freezing. The Tanzam Highway passes through the valley below the town; the highway distance from Iringa's limits to Dar es Salaam is 502 kilometers (312 mi), via Morogoro. The Isimila Stone Age site, which lies about 20 km (12 mi) to the southwest, contains archeological artifacts, particularly stone tools, from human habitation about 70,000 years ago.[citation needed]

Iringa Urban Municipality is the administrative designation of the Municipality of Iringa.

In Iringa there are several institutions of higher education, among them Tumaini University – Iringa University College, Mkwawa University College of Education a constituent college of University of Dar es Salaam, and Ruaha University College under catholic church and constituent college of Saint Augustine University of Tanzania. Schools include Tosamaganga High School and Ruaha Secondary School..

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Iringa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(76)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(74)
23
(74)
25
(77)
27
(81)
28
(82)
26
(79)
24.8
(76.8)
Average low °C (°F) 15
(59)
14
(58)
14
(58)
15
(59)
14
(57)
12
(53)
12
(53)
12
(53)
12
(54)
13
(56)
14
(58)
15
(59)
13.5
(56.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 175
(6.9)
130
(5)
173
(6.8)
89
(3.5)
13
(0.5)
3
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.1)
5
(0.2)
38
(1.5)
119
(4.7)
748
(29.3)
Source: Weatherbase [2]

Crafts[edit]

Iringa is famous for its woven baskets, made from local reeds. The baskets are used across Tanzania and also exported internationally. It is also now well known across Tanzania and elsewhere for the award winning Neema Crafts Centre

Iringa media[edit]

Iringa Commonwealth War Cemetery

Iringa municipality has six FM radio stations and one TV station. The radios are;Trap Gang Radio, Ebony FM,Country FM and Nuru FM (youth entertainment and commercial radios),Over comers Radio and Radio Furaha(Christian radios),Kibra Ten Radio (Islamic radio). There are other radio stations elsewhere in Iringa region, such as Kituro community radio in Makete and another FM radio station in Njombe.

Iringa Municipal Television is a multi-age TV station with diversified programmes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Africa, Nomad. "Iringa". nomadtours. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Iringa, Tanzania". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on 24 May 2013

Coordinates: 7°46′S 35°41′E / 7.77°S 35.69°E / -7.77; 35.69