Iris × germanica

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Iris × germanica
Iris Germanica 2012-2.jpg
Iris squalens 250503.jpg
Scientific classification
I. × germanica
Binomial name
Iris × germanica

Iris × germanica is the accepted name for a species of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae[1] commonly known as the bearded iris[2] or the German bearded iris.[3] It is one of a group of hybrid origin.[4]:87


Iris × germanica grows up to 120 cm high and 30 cm wide. It is a European hybrid, rather than a true wild species.[5] The roots can go up to 10 cm deep and it is a rhizomatous perennial that blooms mid to late spring. It is known to produce the isoflavone irilone.[6] Hundreds of hybrids exist representing nearly every colour from jet black to sparkling whites, except bright scarlet.[citation needed] Varieties include I. × g. var. florentina and I. × g. var. germanica.

In culture[edit]

In Iran and Kashmir[7] Iris kashmiriana and Iris × germanica[8] are most commonly grown on Muslim[9] grave yards.[10][11][12]

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Iris × germanica L. is an accepted name". (The Plant List). 23 February 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
  2. ^ "BSBI List of British & Irish Vascular Plants and Stoneworts".
  3. ^ Rudy J. Favretti and Joy P. Favretti Landscapes and Gardens for Historic Buildings: A Handbook for Reproducing and creating authentic landscape settings, p. 145, at Google Books
  4. ^ Stace, C. A. (2010). New Flora of the British Isles (Third ed.). Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521707725.
  5. ^ "Garden Bearded Irises". Pacific Bulb Society. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  6. ^ "Lipase-catalyzed regioselective protection/deprotection of hydroxyl groups of the isoflavone irilone isolated from Iris germanica". 27 (2).
  7. ^ "Chapter I Rhizomatous Iris (part 2)". Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  8. ^ Singh, Gurcharan. "Kashmir Iris". Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  9. ^ Stebbings, Geoff (1997). The Gardener's Guide to Growing Irises. Newton Abbot: David and Charles. p. 23. ISBN 0715305395.
  10. ^ British Iris Society (1997) A Guide to Species Irises: Their Identification and Cultivation, p. 38-39, at Google Books
  11. ^ Austin, Claire (2005). Irises; A Garden Encyclopedia. Timber Press. ISBN 0881927309.
  12. ^ Trak, Touseef Hussain; Upadhayay, Ravi (April 2015). "Ethnobotanical And Taxonomic Study Of Members of Iridaceae Family of Kishtwar, (Jammu And Kashmir) India" (PDF). International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 6 (2): 779–793. Retrieved 22 October 2015.

External links[edit]