Iris Faircloth Blitch

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Iris Faircloth Blitch
Iris Faircloth Blitch.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 8th district
In office
January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1963
Preceded byWilliam McDonald Wheeler
Succeeded byJames Russell Tuten
Personal details
Born(1912-04-25)April 25, 1912
Toombs County, Georgia
DiedAugust 19, 1993(1993-08-19) (aged 81)
San Diego, California
Political partyDemocratic; Republican

Iris Faircloth Blitch (April 25, 1912 – August 19, 1993) was a United States Representative from Georgia. She was the fourth woman to represent Georgia in the Congress,[1] and the first to win a regularly scheduled general election.[2][a] Blitch was a vocal advocate both for women's rights and against racial desegregation.[3]

Early life[edit]

Blitch was born near Vidalia, Georgia and attended the University of Georgia (UGA) in Athens in 1929. She also attended South Georgia College in Douglas in 1949.[3] Blitch worked with her husband in managing their farm as well as cattle, timber, naval stores, fertilizer, and pharmacy businesses in Homerville, Georgia.

Political career[edit]

In 1946, Blitch was elected to the Georgia Senate; she was subsequently elected to the Georgia House of Representatives in 1948 but lost her reelection bid to that office in 1950.[4] She won election to the state Senate again in 1952 and remained in that position through December 31, 1954.[4] From 1948 through 1954, Blitch was Georgia's Democratic Party national committee member.

Running a successful campaign for Georgia's 8th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives as a Democrat, Blitch served in the 84th United States Congress.

A staunch segregationist, in 1956, Blitch was among the 101 Southern politicians to sign the Southern Manifesto.[1] She won re-election to three additional terms in that seat before choosing not to seek reelection in 1962 due to severe arthritis.[5] In 1964, Mrs. Blitch left the Democratic Party and endorsed Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater.

Within days of her 1954 election, Blitch appeared on the American television show What's My Line.

After her political service, Blitch resided on St. Simons Island, Georgia, until 1988, when she moved to San Diego, California, to be closer to her daughter. She died there on August 19, 1993, and was buried in Pine Forest Cemetery in Homerville, Georgia.[5][6]

See also[edit]

Note[edit]

  1. ^ Rebecca Latimer Felton was appointed in 1922 and became the first woman to ever serve in the United States Senate. Florence Reville Gibbs won a 1940 special election to succeed her deceased husband in the House of Representatives. Helen Douglas Mankin won a special election to a House seat in 1946.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Iris Faircloth Blitch; Former Congresswoman". L.A. Times. August 21, 1993. Retrieved January 19, 2017 – via Google.
  2. ^ Qiu, Linda. "Fact Check: Is Karen Handel Georgia's First Female Representative?". Retrieved 2018-07-03.
  3. ^ a b "BLITCH, Iris Faircloth". History, Art & Archives, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  4. ^ a b Wasniewski, Matthew Andrew (2006-01-01). Women in Congress, 1917-2006. Government Printing Office. ISBN 9780160767531.
  5. ^ a b "Blitch, Iris Faircloth". History, Art & Archives. United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  6. ^ "Iris Eloise Faircloth Blitch". Find A Grave. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William M. Wheeler
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 8th congressional district

January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1963
Succeeded by
J. Russell Tuten