Iris germanica

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Iris germanica
Iris Germanica 2012-2.jpg
Iris squalens 250503.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Iris
Section: Iris
Species: I. germanica
Binomial name
Iris germanica

Iris x germanica is the accepted name for a species of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae[1] commonly known as the bearded iris[2] or the German iris.[3] It is one of a group of hybrid origin.[4]:87


Iris x germanica grows up to 120 cm high and 30 cm wide. It is a European hybrid, rather than a true wild species.[5] The roots can go up to 10 cm deep and it is a rhizomatous perennial that blooms mid to late spring. It is known to produce the isoflavone irilone.[6] Hundreds of hybrids exist representing nearly every colour from jet black to sparkling whites, except bright scarlet.[citation needed] Varieties include I. g. var. florentina and I. g. var. germanica.


Lifting, dividing and replanting the rhizomes is best done once flowering has finished as this is when the plant grows the new shoots that will flower the following year. The rhizomes are placed on the surface of the soil facing towards the sun and with at least 45 cm of open ground in front of them - this allows two years growth and flowering. The plant is held in place by removing half the leaf mass to reduce wind rock and by using the old roots as anchors in the soil. The rhizome is placed on well dug ground and the roots placed either side into 10 cm deep grooves. The soil is then gently firmed around the roots, so holding the plant steady. New roots and leaves are created rapidly as the rhizome moves forwards.

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See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Iris × germanica L. is an accepted name". (The Plant List). 23 February 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "BSBI List of British & Irish Vascular Plants and Stoneworts". 
  3. ^ Rudy J. Favretti and Joy P. Favretti Landscapes and Gardens for Historic Buildings: A Handbook for Reproducing and creating authentic landscape settings, p. 145, at Google Books
  4. ^ Stace, C. A. (2010). New Flora of the British Isles (Third ed.). Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521707725. 
  5. ^ "Garden Bearded Irises". Pacific Bulb Society. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Lipase-catalyzed regioselective protection/deprotection of hydroxyl groups of the isoflavone irilone isolated from Iris germanica". 27 (2). 

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