Iris maackii is a species in the genus Iris; it is also in the subgenus of Limniris and in the Iris series Laevigatae. It is a rhizomatous perennial, from China and eastern Russia. It has sword-shaped grey-green leaves, and has many branched flowering stems that carry flowers in May that come in various shades of yellow.
Iris maackii has a thick rhizome.
It has several branched flowering stems (or scape) which can reach about 80 cm (31 in) tall in May. The oval-shaped spathes are green (measuring 5 cm × 1.5 cm) and having between 1 and 2 flowers per stem. The flowers come in various shades of yellow, from creamy-yellow, to yellow, and are about 5 cm (2 in) in diameter, with a perianth tube of 1 cm long. It has yellow anthers on 2.5 cm (0.98 in) long stamens.
Between June and August, it sets seed. The capsules are ellipsoid-cylindric (6–9 cm long and 1.5 cm wide). They have 6 ribs and end in a beak-like point. Inside are maroon brown seeds that are about 7 × 5 mm in size. The seed heads can be another garden feature of the plant.
It was first published (and described) by Karl Maximovich in Bulletin de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg in 1880. It was published as Limniris maackii in Botanicheskii Zhurnal (published in Moscow & Leningrad) on 18 Apr 2007, but this was classed as a synonym of Iris maackii, whose name was accepted by Nina Alexeyeva in her book of 2008 Genus Iris L., written in Russian and published in the journal Turczaninowia.
Iris maackii is now an accepted name by the RHS. Although it is not an accepted name at Kew Gardens in the UK, it is thought to be very similar to Iris laevigata, especially its seeds and capsules. The Kew botanists currently call it Iris maackii, due to no other acceptable name.
Distribution and habitat
It is located on moist soils near ponds and lakes from northeastern China into eastern Russia. Like Iris typhifolia, it can be found near to the Amur River and Ussuri River swamps, along the Russian/Chinese border. Also near East Heilongjiang, Liaoning in China.
It is listed in Forest Vegetation of Northeast Asia.
It can hybridize with many other irises.
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