Iris pallida

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Iris pallida
Iris pallida specie.jpg
Sweet Iris (Iris pallida)
Scientific classification
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I. pallida
Binomial name
Iris pallida
Synonyms
  • Iris × australis var. mandraliscae (Tod.) Nyman
  • Iris × australis var. tinaei (Tod.) Nyman
  • Iris desertorum Balb. [Illegitimate]
  • Iris fulgida Berg
  • Iris × germanica subsp. pallida (Lam.) O.Bolòs & Vigo
  • Iris glauca Salisb.
  • Iris gloriosa Reider ex Berg
  • Iris hortensis Tausch
  • Iris mandraliscae Tod.
  • Iris marchesettii Pamp.
  • Iris moggridgei Baker
  • Iris odoratissima Jacq.
  • Iris pallida subsp. mandraliscae (Tod.) K.Richt.
  • Iris pallida var. odoratissima (Jacq.) Nyman
  • Iris pallida subsp. pallida (unknown)
  • Iris pallida var. rosea Prodán
  • Iris pallida subsp. sicula (Tod.) K.Richt.
  • Iris pallida subsp. tinaei (Tod.) K.Richt.
  • Iris pallidecaerulaea Pers.
  • Iris picta Spreng. [Illegitimate]
  • Iris plicata Lam.
  • Iris propendens Lange
  • Iris sicula Tod.
  • Iris swertii Lam.
  • Iris tinaei Tod.[1]

Iris pallida (Dalmatian iris or sweet iris) is a hardy flowering perennial plant of the genus Iris, family Iridaceae. It is native to the Dalmatian coast (Croatia) but widely naturalised elsewhere. It is a member of the subgenus iris, meaning that it is a bearded iris, and grows from a rhizome.

Description[edit]

This iris prefers rocky places in the mediterranean and submediterranean zone and reaches sometimes montane regions at its southern range in Montenegro. It grows to a stem height of 50–80 cm (20–31 in). The leaves are bluish-green in color, and sword-shaped, 40–50 cm (16–20 in) in length, and 2.5–3 cm (0.98–1.18 in) in width. The inflorescence, produced in May/June, is fan-shaped and contains two or three flowers which are usually pale purplish to whitish.

Cultivation[edit]

It is cultivated as a garden plant, and commercially for extraction of essential oils from its rhizome (orris root).

The variegated cultivar 'Variegata' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2][3]

Subspecies[edit]

Three subspecies of Iris pallida s.l. are recognised by some authors as species: Iris pallida subsp. cengialti,[1] (with deep purplish flowers) from Slovenia and adjacent Italy, Iris pallida ssp. illyrica,[1] from the North Dalmatian coast, and Iris pallida ssp. pseudopallida from the South Dalmatian coast.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Iris pallida Lam. is an accepted name". theplantlist.org (The Plant List). 23 March 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  2. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Iris pallida Lam. 'Variegata' Hort". Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  3. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 55. Retrieved 14 March 2018.