Iris sphincter muscle

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Iris sphincter muscle
Gray878.png
Iris, front view. (Muscle visible but not labeled.)
Gray883.png
The upper half of a sagittal section through the front of the eyeball. ("Sphincter of pupil" labeled near bottom-center.)
Details
Origin encircles iris[1]
Insertion encircles iris[1]
Artery long posterior ciliary arteries
Nerve short ciliary nerves
Actions constricts pupil
Antagonist iris dilator muscle
Identifiers
Latin Musculus sphincter pupillae
Dorlands
/Elsevier
m_22/12550831
TA A15.2.03.029
FMA 49157
Anatomical terms of muscle

The iris sphincter muscle (pupillary sphincter, pupillary constrictor, circular muscle of iris, circular fibers) is a muscle in the part of the eye called the iris. It encircles the pupil of the iris, appropriate to its function as a constrictor of the pupil.

Comparative Anatomy[edit]

It is found in vertebrates and some cephalopods.[citation needed]

General Structure[edit]

Initially, all the myocytes are of the smooth muscle type but, later in life, most cells are of the striated muscle type.[2]

Its dimensions are about 0.75 mm wide by 0.15 mm thick.[citation needed]

Mode of Action[edit]

In humans, it functions to constrict the pupil in bright light (pupillary light reflex) or during accommodation.[citation needed]

Innervation[edit]

It is controlled by parasympathetic fibers that originate from the Edinger-Westphal nucleus, travel along the oculomotor nerve (CN III), synapse in the ciliary ganglion, and then enter the eye via the short ciliary nerves.[citation needed]. The short ciliary nerves then run forward and pierce the sclera at the back of the eye, traveling between the sclera and the choroid to innervate the iris sphincter muscle.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gest, Thomas R; Burkel, William E. "Anatomy Tables - Eye." Medical Gross Anatomy. 2000. University of Michigan Medical School. 5 Jan. 2010 <http://anatomy.med.umich.edu/nervous_system/eye_tables.html>.
  2. ^ Pilar, G; Nuñez, R; McLennan, I. S.; Meriney, S. D. (1987). "Muscarinic and nicotinic synaptic activation of the developing chicken iris". The Journal of Neuroscience 7 (12): 3813–26. PMID 2826718. 

External links[edit]