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1% population of Chile
|Regions with significant populations|
|Punta Arenas, Magallanes Region, Santiago, Chile|
|Spanish. Minority speaks English and/or Irish as first language.|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Irish people, Irish Americans, Irish Argentines, Irish Brazilians, Irish Canadians, Irish Mexicans, Irish Paraguayans, Irish Peruvians, Irish Uruguayans, Scottish people, Scottish Chileans, Welsh Chileans.|
Irish Chileans (in Spanish: Hiberno-chilenos, Irish: Gael-Sileánach) are the inhabitants of Chile who either came from some part of the island of Ireland or are descendants of immigrants from there. Generally coming in the 18th century and early 19th century, the generally Catholic Irish were seeking refuge from the oppression of the Protestant-run government of the Kingdom of Great Britain. Spain, being a Catholic power, enticed many Irish to move to Latin America. Immigration diminished later in the 19th century as Catholic Emancipation made emigration to a Catholic nation less of a vital consideration and as the United States and Canada established themselves as more viable lands for settlement.
A large proportion of Irish Chileans are sheep farmers in the Magallanes region of the far south of the country, and the city of Punta Arenas has a large Irish foundation dating back to the 18th century.
The most notable Irish Chilean, Bernardo O'Higgins is often referred to as the "Father of Chile", and is commemorated in many places in Chile.
Notable Irish Chileans
- Jorge Arrate, Communist Party of Chile politician.
- Patricio Aylwin, President of Chile
- Paz Bascuñán Aylwin actress
- Alberto Blest Gana (1830-1920), a Chilean novelist and diplomat
- Pedro Dartnell Chilean Army Inspector General
- Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean general and twice president of the republic
- Patricio Lynch Admiral of the Chilean Navy
- Juan Mackenna General, Chilean patriot
- Pablo Mackenna, writer, TV host, poet
- Bernardo O'Higgins Supreme Director of Chile
- Sandra O'Ryan actress
- Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna politician, writer (Irish grandfather: Juan MacKenna).
- Camila Vallejo, Communist Youth of Chile politician.
- O'Higgins Tours. "Los irlandeses en Chile". Retrieved 10 January 2010.