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An Irish Indian is an Indian who is fully or partially of Irish descent who is aware of such ancestry and remains connected, to some degree, to Irish culture. As per article 366(2) of the Indian Constitution, an Irish Indian can be categorized as an Anglo-Indian.
Irishmen have been known in India right from the days of the East India Company. While most of the early Irish came as traders, some also came as soldiers. However, the majority of these traders and soldiers. Prominent among them were the generals Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington who later became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and his brother Charles Wellesley, both of whom were Irish landowning class, the duke of Wellington being born in Dublin and M.P for Trim County Meath. (Comments associated with the Duke of Wellington "Just because you were born in a stable does not make you a horse" were in fact Daniel O Connells words)( The Duke of Wellington was also British PM and forced Catholic Emancipation through the houses of Parliament). Later in the Victorian period, many thinkers, philosophers and Irish nationalists from the Catholic majority too made it to India, prominent among the nationalists being the theosophist Annie Besant. It is widely believed that there existed a secret alliance between the Irish and Indian independence movements. Some Indian intellectuals like Jawaharlal Nehru and V. V. Giri were certainly inspired by Irish nationalists when they studied in the United Kingdom.
One of the cultural activities that Indians of Irish descent (who are aware of their Irish ancestry) participate in is Saint Patrick's Day.
- Annie Besant - Theosophist and Indian independence activist
- Bibi Baskin - Former RTÉ TV and radio presenter
- Charles Stuart - East India Company officer
- James Cousins - Writer
- Sister Nivedita - Disciple of Swami Vivekananda
- S. M. Cyril - Internationally recognized educational innovator
- Vivien Leigh - Actress
- Cyrus Pallonji Mistry - Former Chairman of Tata Group